TOEIC Grammar – Comparatives & Superlatives

 Comparatives and Superlatives

Adjective

Comparative

Superlative

one-syllable

hard

-er harder

-est hardest

two-syllable ending in –y early

-er earlier

-est earliest

other two-syllable and long tiring

intelligent

more more tiring

more intelligent

most most tiring

most intelligent

some two-syllable quiet

clever simple

more or –er more quiet

cleverer simpler

most or –est quietest

most clever most simple

Some adjectives have irregular comparatives and superlatives as shown in the following table:

Example: The situation should get better soon. How much further is it?

The new model uses less gas.

+) A lot, much … with comparatives

Before the comparatives of adjectives you can use:
much, a lot, a little, a bit, far, any, no, rather, slightly, and significantly

  • If we leave any later than 5.00, we’ll get caught in rush hour.
  • This task is much more complicated than that one.

 As … as

We use as … as … to say that people or things are equal in some way. Note:

  • as much … as …, as many … as …
    I didn’t get as much money as I hoped.
  • twice/ three times … as … as …
    A US worker is 10 times as expensive as a worker in Mexico.
  • the same … as …
    My hair is the same colour as yours.

Adjective

Comparative

Superlative

good

better

best

bad

worse

worst

far

farther/further

farthest/furthest

little

less

least

much

more

most

TOEIC QUESTION

  1. A customer requesting a refund must be prepared to wait __________ 4-6 weeks for the request to be processed.

a. rough

b. rougly

c. rougher

d. roughest

 

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