Arsenio’s ESL Podcast: Pronunciation #1 – Plural Endings

For the PDF, please scroll down to the bottom of the page, print, and follow the page with me on the podcast so you can practice enunciating.


Add s to most nouns.

Add es to nouns ending in s, sh, ss, z, x, or ch.

Add es to most nouns ending in o.

For nouns ending in consonant + y, change y to ies.

For nouns ending in f or fe, change f(e) to ves.


Name/names friend/friends box/boxes class/classes

hero/heroes tomato/tomatoes hobby/hobbies family/families

half/halves wife/wives

Pronunciation Skill

There are three plural -s ending sounds:


after the sounds    /t/  /p/  /k/  /f/ sports, caps, books


after the sounds    /d/  b/  /g/  /b/  /l/  /m/  /n/  /r/      names, colors, knives


after the letters s, sh, ss, z, x, ge, or ch actresses, ages, watches



Pronunciation Skill #1

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