Arsenio’s ESL Podcast: Season 2 – Episode 30: Vocabulary Skill – Adjectives Ending In -ing & -ed

Ahhh! Some of you out there are confused to what past tense verbs and adjectives ending in -ed are, huh?

Example: I bored or I am bored?

Example: I jumped or I am jumped?

This would more than likely help you right off the back, if it doesn’t, it’s time to dive in a little bit more.

To describe how somebody feels, we use the -ed ending. 


Boring, confusing, disappointing, embarrassed, relax, exciting, frightened, interesting, moving, relaxed, surprised, tired

Now, of course the base forms of some of the verbs above are: disappoint, confuse, embarrass, excite, interest, move, relax, surprise.

Rule: if you’re talking about a movie or an inanimate object, use -ing.

  1. I was _________________(surprised) to hear that they’ve stopped the series.
  2. It was so __________________(embarrassing) when the present forgot what to say.
  3. The new MRT is really _________________(confuse). I don’t know which train to get on.
  4. That film was very ___________(move).
  5. The teachers were very ________________(disappoint) because the students’ scores didn’t live up to expectations.


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