Oh, past perfect is here! Do not fear: Arsenio is here! Honestly, this is just like the present perfect — it’s just you have an action happening before another action. Here’s the breakdown for you guys.
Look at the sentences. Which actions happened first?
- John was angry at Tim because he had gotten to the theme park before him.
- When Stacy had finished talking, she went home.
Rules: We use the past perfect to talk about an activity in the past that happened before another activity in the past.
So, let’s break this down even more.
- I put my pyjamas on.
- He finished shopping.
- They finished their dinner.
- He got out of the pool.
- We finished the exam.
- I found my keys.
- They left the restaurant.
- I got into bed.
- I opened the door.
- He carried it home.
- We gave it to the teacher.
- He dried himself with a towel.
Rewrite the sentences in 3a as one sentence. Put one verb in the past perfect and the other in the past simple. Use when or after.
- When I had put my pyjamas on, I got into bed.
- After he had finished shopping, he carried it home.
Now it’s your turn!