Oh, we’re finally at the reading portion of the IELTS! This is the big one and the biggest one of them all. I do hope that you guys tune into this so you understand. Today is just a glimpse of what’s to come. I want to first lay down the techniques, go over some examples, and then we can do the big one next weekend. So, let’s get into T/F/NG!
True (the statement agrees with the information in the text)
False (the statement is incorrect and does not agree with the information in the text)
Not Given (you cannot say whether the statement is true or false because there is NO information about this in the text.
Remember that I emphasized the NO! If you do not see it, it’s not there! So, I want you to skim read this passage to get the general idea of the content.
This information is provided by one of the my favorite books out there, Cambridge English, and it deep dives into so many techniques.
In 1818, Luke Howard Published The Climate of London in which he identified an emerging problem: urban development was having a direct impact on the local weather. The early 1800s was a time of great expansion for London and Howard noticed that temperatures in the city were gradually becoming higher than those in rural areas. We now refer to these areas as Urban Heat Islands. The difference in temperature is usually greater at night and the phenomenon occurs in both winter and summer. Experts agree that this is due to urban development, when open green spaces are replaced with asphalt roads and tall brick or concrete buildings. These materials retain heat generated by the Sun and release it through the night. In Atlanta, in the US, this has even led to thunderstorms occurring in the morning rather than, as is more common, in the afternoon. Officials there are advising builders to use light-colored roofs in a bid to reduce the problem.
Large cities around the world are adopting strategies to combat this issue and it is not uncommon to find plants growing on top of roof or down the walls of large buildings. In Singapore, the government has pledged to transform it into a city within a garden’ and, in 2006, they held an international competition calling for entries to develop a master plan to help bring this about. One outcome was the creation of 19 “Supertrees.” These metal constructions are made to resemble very tall trees and range in height from 25m to 50m. Each one is a vertical freestanding garden and is home to exotic plants and ferns. their structure allowed the designers to create an immediate rainforest canopy without having to wait for trees to reach such heights. They contain solar panels used to light the trees at night and also containers to collect rainwater, making them truly self-sufficient.
Decide if statements 1-3 are True, False, or Not Given according to the underlined parts of the text.
- Luke Howard invented the term ‘Urban Heat Island’.
- City temperatures are higher than country temperatures regardless of the season.
- Experts have failed in their efforts to create heat-reflecting concrete and brick.
Read statements, then underline the relevant parts in the text. Are the statements, true, false, or Not Given?
4. Atlanta has experienced more dramatic weather change than other areas of the US.
5. Roofs that are dark in color help address the issue of Urban Heat Islands.
6. Singapore’s Supertrees are made entirely from natural materials.
7. The designers of the Supertrees originally planned to plant very tall trees.
8. The Supertrees require regular maintenance.