Arsenio’s ESL Podcast: Season 4 – Episode 4 – Grammar – Reflexive Pronouns

Arsenio's ESL Podcast
Arsenio's ESL Podcast: Season 4 - Episode 4 - Grammar - Reflexive Pronouns

Here we go! Time to get into the difficult stuff! Reflexive pronouns!

Use a reflexive pronoun (myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, ourselves, yourselves, themselves) when the object of a sentence is the same person, thing, or idea as the subject:

Hiroshi sent Hiroshi a copy of the email.

Hiroshi sent him a copy of the email. (This sounds like HIroshi sent the email to another person).

✔ Hiroshi sent himself a copy of the email.

Reflexive pronouns are sometimes used to add emphasis:

Jane criticized her employees for being late, yet she herself was frequently late. (she and herself are the same person — Jane)

Reflexive pronouns frequently follow the preposition by:

You don’t have to finish the project by yourself.

Complete the sentences with the correct reflexive pronoun.

  1. It is important that all students do their work by _________________.
  2. Send me a copy of the report, and also keep one for ______________.
  3. When we looked at the old photo, we couldn’t recognize ______________.
  4. Dr. Kim’s early research was directly related to his new study, so he quoted _________________ in the journal article.
  5. Amina was able to finish the work ____________, so she didn’t ask for any help.


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