Arsenio’s ESL Podcast: Special Listening – Urbanization

Welcome back, people! This is from the previous podcast I did with urbanization and I decided to make some questions for you, as well as topics you can discuss.

How do you think the growth of cities will affect the areas below? Will the effects be positive or negative?

  • Families
  • The economy
  • health
  • population growth
  • crime
  • rural life

Listen to the lecture from the podcast and circle the correct answers.

  1. Why are so many people moving from the countryside to the city?

a. Because there is a lot of poverty in rural villages.

b. Because many beautiful rural areas are disappearing.

2. Why does the professor think urbanization is mostly positive?

a. Because the number of migrants is increasing.

b. Because it has lifted millions of people out of poverty.

3. Why does the professor think urbanization will help the environment?

a. Because migrants send money back home to rural areas.

b. Because the world’s population will decrease in the future.

Listen to the excerpts from the lecture. Check the information you here.

  1. “Some scholars say this movement from rural to urban is the biggest migration in human history.”
  • This is a big claim.
  • The world’s population will increase by three billion people.
  • Billions of people will move to cities in the twenty-first century.
  • About 70% of the world’s population will live in cities by 2050.

2. “Urbanization is happening very quickly and dramatically.”

  • In 1950, 86 million people lived in cities.
  • The number of cities with over a million people has gone from 86 to 400.
  • A lot of electronics are made in Shenzhen.
  • Shenzhen’s population has increased from 25,000 to over 14 million.

3. “Life in a rural village is not easy.”

  • Rural areas in Asia and Africa can seem very beautiful to us.
  • Three quarters of people who earn less than a dollar a day are small farmers.
  • A dollar a day isn’t very much money.
  • People in rural villages aren’t as healthy and live shorter lives.

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