TOEFL iTP – Grammar – Adjective & Adverb Endings

We’re back and blogging once again! I had taken some time off because I hit work-overload with workshops. Apologies, but I’m back and happier than ever to bring you guys today some interesting rules for adverbs and adjectives, regardless if you’re learning TOEFL or not.

The most common type of word-form problem involves the use of an adverb in place of an adjective, or an adjective in place of an adverb. A few points to keep in mind.

  • Adjectives modify nouns, noun phrases, and pronouns.

Adjectives often come before nouns.

an important test

a quiet evening

a long letter

  • They often answer the question What kind?

She is a brilliant doctor. (What kind of a doctor is she? A brilliant one.)

  • Adjectives also follow the verb to be and other linking verbs.

The glass was empty.

That song sounds nice.

They look upset.

  • Adverbs may modify verbs, participles, adjectives, prepositions, adverb clause markers, and other adverbs.

The Lakers eagerly accepted the challenge.

(adverb modifying the main verb accepted)

It has been a rapidly changing climate.

(adverb modifying the present participle changing)

She wore a brightly colored shirt.

(adverb modifying the past participle colored)

John seemed extremely nervous about the test.

(adverb modifying the adjective curious)

We arrived at the airport shortly after our flight left.

(adverb modifying the adverb-clause marker before)

We arrived at the airport shortly before midnight.

(adverb modifying the preposition before)

The accident happened incredibly quickly.

(adverb modifying the adverb quickly

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