TOEFL iTP | Idioms & Expressions | Mini-lesson #1

I’ve done lots of TOEFL idioms podcast (probably going up to about number 8), but i felt like they weren’t as effective. Yes, the podcast plays show that they were fire, but I’m going through a more systematic approach now. In this podcast, I’m going to give you stories about the following idioms/expressions, then there will be an exercise for you down below to fill them in.

If you want the answers, make sure you comment below or reach out to me on my IG or Facebook!

  • spick and span – extremely clean, spotless
  • stack up against – compare with
  • stamp out – eliminate/wipe out
  • stand for – tolerate; put up with // symbolize: represent
  • stand out – be noticeable
  • stay out – not come home
  • stay out (or up) to all houses – come home *or go to bed* very late
  • stay up – not go to bed
  • stick with – not change; stay with
  • stock up on – get a large supply of something
  • a stone’s throw from – not far away from; close to
  • stop by – visit informally; go to see
  • straighten up clean up; make tidy
  • stuck with – have something one cannot get rid of
  • take a break – stop working for a short time
  • take a lot of nerve – require a lot of courage
  • take a lot out of (someone) – be hard on someone; drain energy from someone
  • take advantage of – utilize; make use of; exploit
  • take after – resemble; look like (especially an older relative)
  • take apart – disassemble
  • take it easy – relax, calm down

Now, fill in the blanks in the sentences with the idioms/expressions from above! You might have to change the verb forms based on the sentences.

  1. Vaccines have permitted doctors to virtually _________ _________ a number of diseases, including smallpox and polio.
  2. “How late do you usually _______ _______?” — “I’m normally in bed by eleven on weekdays.”
  3. “How late do you usually _______ _______ on weekends? ” — I sometimes don’t come home until 2 or 3 in the morning.
  4. “Do you ______ ______ your mother or father?” — “I don’t think I look much like either of them.”
  5. Early had no trouble _________ _________ the engine on the lawn mower, but then he couldn’t put it back together.
  6. You look a little tired. Why don’t you _________ _________ ________ and finish your homework later?
  7. The teacher won’t ________ ________ cheating. When she caught one student cheating on the mid-term exam, she gave him a zero on that test.
  8. “I tried and tried to find a buyer for this old car.” — “Looks like you’re _______ _______ it for now.”
  9. “My brother is going to invest all his savings in a new business venture.” — “That _______ _______ _______ _______ _______. I’d be afraid to take a risk like that.”
  10. “I give up. I can’t solve this chemistry problem.” — “________ _______it. Eventually, you’ll figure it out.”
  11. We have to leave the apartment ________ _______ ________. The landlord said that if it wasn’t clean when we moved out, we’d lose part of our security deposit.
  12. Don was wearing jeans and a T-shirt while all the other guests had on formal dinner wear. He really _________ _________.
  13. “I’m nervous about my interview.” — ” _______ ______ _______. You’ll make a better impression if you’re relaxed.”
  14. The fifty stars on the American flag __________ __________ the fifty states.
  15. “Do you ________ ________ your apartment before guests __________ _________?” — “A little bit. I don’t mind if it’s a little messy, but i don’t want it to look like a disaster area.”
  16. “My new roommate is from Italy.” — “You should ________ ________ ________ this opportunity to learn some Italian.”
  17. “I just heard on the news that the Florida orange crop was damaged by the hurricane last week, and that orange juice prices are going to go way up.” — “If we had a big freezer, we could ________ _______ _______ frozen orange juice n ow and we wouldn’t have to pay those prices.”
  18. “Do you live near Cecilia?” — “Oh, sure. My apartment building is just __________ ________ ________ ________ hers.”
  19. ” So you ran in that ten-kilometer race?” — “Yes, but it ________ ________ ________ _______ ________ me. I can hardly move.”
  20. “Time, you’ve eaten at both these restaurants — how does Chez Michelle _______ _______ _______ the Oak Room? — ” Oh, they’re both good. I think the Oak Room has slightly better food, but the service is better at Chez Michelle.”


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