ARSENIO’S ESL PODCAST | SEASON 5 EPISODE 128 | Close LISTENING | Identifying Patterns in Lectures

Academic lectures often contain facts and statistical data that can be included in descriptions of patterns, as well as of trends and static numbers.

A pattern is series of repeated events or actions that describe things how things really are. A trend is a change or development, and a static number describes a single event.

  • When money is invested, the overall prices comes down. – Patterns
  • This number is increasing on a monthly basis. – Trend
  • It cost more than 1.5 million USD. – Static Number

Presenters often use terms to make the statistical data approximate. This happens when the exact numbers are unknown or unclear, and also to simplify figures for the audience.

approximately          just under             just over          almost          more than 
about

Listen to the extracts from the discussion and fill in each blank with one to three words or a number.

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