ARSENIO’S ESL PODCAST | SEASON 5 EPISODE 158 | Grammar | Participle Clauses

Participle clauses are used to make academic writing more succinct. The present participle (-ing) has an active meaning. The past participle (-ed) has a passive meaning. In this podcast, we’ll be discussing examples and I’ll have some exercises for you available on my website!

  • We use participle clauses to express cause, effect, and condition. Introduced effectively, change can be positive. (= if it is introduced)
  • We can use participle clauses with on, while, after, and before to describe time. On/While facing reduced sales, the company implemented change. (= When they were facing)
  • We use the present particle (having + -ed verb) to say that an action finished before another action. Having found his feet, he accepted the change. (= because he had found his feet).

Rewrite the sentences using a participle clause. Use the prompts to help you.

  1. Because they wanted to create a change strategy, senior managers brought in a consultant.

Wanting______________________________________________________________________________________.

2. When they were reading the consultant’s report, they realize they needed to organize a meeting.

While ______________________________________________________________________________________.

3. The meeting took place in the boardroom and was attended by all management.

Attended ______________________________________________________________________________________.

4. When they heard about the report, the managers had a lot of question.

On ______________________________________________________________________________________.

5. Employees were known to dislike change and so managers thought they may reject the proposals.

Known ______________________________________________________________________________________.

Rewrite the sentences, replacing the underlined section with a participle clause.

  1. As some staff members heard about the changes, they became angry.
  2. Some staff members resigned because they did not welcome change.
  3. After they outlined the need for change, managers received positive feedback from the staff.
  4. All staff received training and successfully coped with the changes.
  5. If they are implemented appropriately, change strategies can succeed.

Podcast

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