TOEFL iTP | Reading | The Peale Family

We’re back with I believe the first or second or its kind. In today’s podcast/video/blog, I’ll be dissecting an old reading passive from a PBT TOEFL book (exactly like TOEFL iTP). In this one I’m going to break down each question, little by little. So if you want to see my corrections, tune into the video down below!

The Peales were a distinguished family of American artists. Charles Wilson Peale is best remembered for his portraits of leading figures of the American Revolution. He painted portraits of Franklin and Jefferson, and over a dozen of George Washington. His life-size portrait of his sons Raphaelle and Titians was so realistic that Georgia Washington reportedly tipped his hat to the figures in the picture.

Charles Wilson Peale gave up painting in his middle age and devoted his life to the Peale Museum, which he founded in Philadelphia. The world’s first popular museum of art and natural science featured paintings by Peal and his family as well as displays of animals in their natural settings. Peale found the animals himself and devised a method of taxidermy to make the exhibits more lifelike. The museum’s most popular display was the skeleton of a mastodon — a huge, extinct elephant — which Peale unearthed on a New York farm in 1801

Three of Peale’s seventeen children were also famous artists. Raphaelle Peal often painted still lifes of flowers, fruit, and cheese. His works show the same luminosity and attention to detail that the works of the Dutch masters show. In the late eighteenth century, however, portraiture was the rage, and so Raphaelle Peale found few buyers for his still lifes at the same time. His brother Rembrandt studied under his father and painted portraits fo many noted people, including one of George Washington. Another brother, Rubens Peale, painted mostly landscapes and portraits.

James Peale, the brother of Charles Wilson Peale, specialized in miniatures. His daughter Sara Miriam Peale was probably the first professional female portrait painter in America.

Complete TOEFL
  1. What is the main topic of the passage?

a. The life of Charles Wilson Peale

b. Portraiture in the 18th century

c. The Peale Museum

d. A family of artists

2. The author probably mentions that Washington “tipped his hat to the figures in the painting” to indicate that…

a. Charles Wilson Peale’s painting was very lifelike

b. Washington respected Charles Wilson Peale’s work

c. Washington was friendly with Raphaelle and Titian Peale

d. The painting of the two brothers was extremely large

3. The word “settings” is closest in meaning to which of the following?

a. Environments

b. Categories

c. Positions

D. Requirements

4. For which of the following terms does the author give a definition in the second paragraph?

a. Natural science

b. Skeleton

C. Taxidermy

D. Mastodon

5. Which of the following questions about th ePeale Museum does the passage NOT supply enough information to answer?

a. Who found and prepared its animal exhibits?

b. In what city it was located?

c. Where did the most popular exhibit come from?

d. In what year was it founded?

6. The word “unearthed” has the closest meaning to….

a. displayed

b. dug up

c. located

d. looked over

7. Which of the following words could best be substituted for the word “rage”…

a. Fashion

b. Anger

c. Conflict

d. Desire

8. According to the passage, Rembrandt Peale and his father both painted…

a. miniatures

b. portraits of George Washington

c. paintings of flowers, fruit, and chese

d. pictures of animals

9. Which of the following is NOT one of the children of Charles Wilson Peale?

a. Titian Peale

b. Rubens Peale

c. Raphaelle Peale

d. Sarah Miriam Peale

10. The author’s attitude toward the Peales is generally..

a. envious

b. puzzled

c. admiring

d. disappointed

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