Arsenio’s ESL Podcast | Season 5 Episode 174 | Listening | World Oceans (IELTS Style)

Welcome back to an IELTS-style type of ESL podcast! In today’s podcast we’re going to listen to a lecture about the problems that oceans worldwide are facing. Before you listen, make a list of the possible problems you are aware of.

Marine ecology — problems and solutions

A. Overfishing

1. Three types

i “recruitment overfishing” — amount of fish taken > than amount possible to (1) _________ –> fish population decreases

ii. “growth overfishing” — fish too (2) __________ to product the best yield are taken

iii. “ecosystem overfishing” — damages balance of ecosystem, e.g., (3) ________ are overfished, leaving too many small fish

2. (4) __________ supporting seriousness of problem

i. size of illegal catch

ii. decrease in number of species

3 example of (5) ________ affected by overfishing in Canada:

history –> problem –> effect –> resistance

4. (6) Human ________: problem –> regulation –> resistance

5. Other possible (7) _________:

i. aquaculture

ii. raising consumer awareness

B. Coral Bleaching

1. (8) __________ — coral loses color

2. (9) __________

i. change of conditions

ii. human influence

3 (10) _________ of coral bleaching — U.S., Maldives, and Sri Lanka

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