Arsenio’s ESL Podcast | Season 5 Episode 186 | Grammar | Gerunds & Infinitives

Here’s another rundown of a Gerunds and Infinitives! Make sure you tune into the blog so look at all the examples to improve your writing today!

We use the gerund (-ing form):

  • after prepositions.

He’d been thinking about buying a new laptop for some time.

  • as the subject or object of a sentence.

Moving to the countryside was the best thing we ever did.

She suggested going out for some food after the class.

  • After some noun phrases, e.g. It’s not worth, It’s no good, There’s no point (in), have difficulty/problems/trouble (in/with)

They’re having some difficulty answering the questions.

  • After verbs of liking or disliking, e.g. like, can’t stand, hate, love, enjoy.

I can’t stand having to wait in long queues at the supermarket.

  • After certain verbs e.g. admit, avoid, consider, deny, feel like, imagine, miss, practice, resent, suggest

We considered going to the USA, but we decided to go to Canada instead.

If the subject of the main clause and the gerund are different, we need to use an object, object pronoun or possessive adjective.

They can’t stand people complaining all the time.

I can’t imagine us being at different schools.

We use the infinitive with to:

  • to express purpose or intention.

She worked very hard to get a place at university.

  • after the verb to be for orders and arrangements.

You are to place all metal objects in the tray.

  • after a number of adjectives.

He was thrilled to be invited to the party.

  • After too, enough, the first, the last.

There wasn’t enough time to meet everyone.

  • after certain verbs, e.g. afford, agree, aim, decide, deserve, expect, happen, hesitate, hope, pretend, refuse.

The prime minister hesitated to give an answer to the question.

  • after certain nouns, e.g. attempt, decision, desire, determination, failure, permission, right, willingness.

It was his willingness to come on the trip which surprised me.

Complete the sentences using the correct form of these verbs.

be     enjoy     find     get (x2)     have     hold     receive     study     take    
  1. I came across a recent survey that aimed _______ out what it was that made people seem heroic.
  2. As people get older, they tend to avoid _____ risks as they are more aware of the consequences.
  3. Practice ________ you breath for several minutes if you want to be on the diving team.
  4. I resent ________ asked to stay behind and help if i’m not going to get any credit for it.
  5. I don’t feel like _______ now. Let’s go out instead.
  6. Rock climbing is not for me. Imagine _______ stuck halfway up a cliff.
  7. Don’t hesitate ________ in touch if you need help.
  8. When I took my little brother on the roller coaster, I had to pretend ______ the experience.
  9. I appreciate _______ the opportunity to work with you on this project.
  10. He deserves __________ an award for his bravery, whether he wants one or not.

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