If its your first time here, welcome! Today, we’re going to go over the scale in which you’re graded + the different tips and break down of each paragraph. This will be very useful for you, so keep this handy at all times to grade yourself!
TOEFL Independent Writing Tips for Success
These are general tips that will appear on all Independent writing questions.
TIP 1: FOLLOW A STANDARD TOEFL ESSAY STRUCTURE
|Introductory Paragraph||Provide background information about the essay topic. Here are a few techniques:|
Begin with two sides of opinions on the essay topic Begin with the general public’s opinions Introduce a fact that raises a question about the essay topic Introduce a debate on the essay topic Mention the advantage or disadvantage of a subject as a way to contrast your main opinion on the subject.
2. Write a strong thesis statement
|Body Paragraph A|
Body Paragraph B
Body Paragraph C (Optional)
|1. Include a transition word/phrase at the beginning|
2. Write a topic sentence
3. Include supporting sentences
|Conclusion Paragraph||1. Include a restatement of the thesis statement you wrote in your introduction|
2. Provide a brief summary of your main ideas
There’s no maximum length for your essay, but a good response is usually at least 300 words.
TIP 2: USE TRANSITION WORDS AND PHRASES
You need to use transition words and phrases to connect your ideas in your essay. You should have 2 transition words/phrases every 4-5 sentences.
|Type of connection||Transition words|
|These words can help you show the order of ideas.||First/Second/Third|
Firstly (or “First of all”)/Secondly/Thirdly (or “Lastly”)
For one thing/For another thing/Finally (or “Lastly”)
In the first place/in the second place/Finally (or “Lastly”)
Instead of “First“, “First of all” and “Firstly“, we can use “To begin with”, “To start with”, or “For starters”. We can also use “First and foremost” to state that the first key point is the most important one among all key points. Likewise, instead of “Finally” and “Lastly“, we can use “Last but not least” to state that the final key point is just as important as the others, despite it being mentioned last.
|These words can help you add information||In addition, furthermore, additionally, also, next, moreover, what’s more, on top of that|
|These words can help you conclude or to summarize:||To sum up, in summary, in conclusion, to conclude, all in all, all things considered, overall, taking everything into consideration, in a nutshell|
|These words can help you demonstrate contrast||Conversely, on the contrary, by contrast, by way of contrast, on one hand/on the other hand|
|These words can help you compare or demonstrate similarity||Similarly, likewise, by the same token, along similar lines|
|These words can help you state a result.||As a result, as a consequence, consequently, therefore|
|These words can help you state a generalization.||Generally, on the whole, in most cases, in general|
|These words can help you clarify a point.||That is, in other words, to put it simply, That is to say, just to reiterate|
|These words can help you give examples.||For example, for instance, take something, for example, to give a clear example|
|These words can help you state an alternative.||Alternatively, as another possibility|