We’re here! A day after and you are now getting the full preview of my TOEFL iTP Reading Course! Seriously, this is going to take a while to put together, so this is why it’s going to take 45 days. Understand, though, that the presale is available. If requested, I will publish it and upload it as the days go along. So, in saying that, here are all the questions! The video/podcast down below has the explanation!
Recognizing distractors in main idea/main topic/main purpose questions.
S – Too specific
G – Too general
X – Incorrect
I – Irrelevant
C – Correct
There are two main types of cell division. Most cells are produced by a process called mitosis. In mitosis, a cell divides and forms two identical daughter cells, each with an identical number of celled plants and animals. Sex cells, however, are formed in a special type of cell division called meiosis. This process reduces the number of chromosomes in a sex cell to half the number found in other kinds of cells. Then, when sex cells unite, they produce a single cell with the original number of chromosomes.
- What is the main topic of this passage?
S) A. The method by which one-celled organisms reproduce
C) B. A comparison between mitosis and meiosis
X) C. Meiosis, the process by which identical cells are produced
American folk music originated with ordinary people at a time when the rural population was isolated and music was not yet spread by radio, audios, compact disks, or music DVDs. It was transmitted by oral tradition and is noted for its energy, humor, and emotional impact. The major source of early American folk songs was music from the British Isles, but songs from Africa as well as songs of the American Indians have a significant part in its heritage. Later settlers from other countries also contributed songs. In the nineteenth century, composer Stephen Foster wrote some of the most enduringly popular of all American songs, which soon became part of folk tradition. Beginning in the 1930’s, Woody Guthrie gained great popularity by adapting traditional melodies and lyrics and supplying new ones as well. In the 1950’s and 1960’s, singer-composers such as Pete Seeger, Bob Dylan, and Joan Baez continued this tradition by creating “urban” folk music. Many of these songs dealt with important social issues, such as racial integration and the war in Vietnam.
- The primary purpose of this passage is to
- Trace the development of American folk music
- Explain the oral tradition
- Contrast the styles of folk musicians
- Point out the influence of social issues on “urban” folk music
Negative Factual Questions
A star very similar to the Sun is one of the nearest stars to Earth. That star is Alpha Centauri, just 4.3 light-years away. Other than our own Sun, the nearest star to the Earth is a tiny red star, not visible without a telescope, called Proxima Centauri.
It can be inferred from this passage that….
- Proxima Centauri is similar to the Earth’s Sun.
- Proxima Centauri is the closest star to the Earth.
- Alpha Centauri is invisible from the Earth.
- Proxima Centauri is less than 4.3 light-years from the Earth.
Recognizing inferences based on longer passages
The planet Mercury is visible to the naked eye but is not the easiest planet to spot.
Every atlas has its own legend.
- Mythical story
- Famous person
- Explanation of symbols
There is a poisonous, plant-like animal called the anemone that lives among coral reefs. When small fish venture too close to the tentacles of these “living flowers,” they are stung and eaten. For unknown reasons, the anemone makes an exception of the clownfish, which swims through its deadly tentacles in safety. When in danger, the clownfish dashes among the anemone’s tentacles where other fish are afraid to follow. The clownfish even builds its nest where the anemone can protect it.
- The word “they” in line 2 refers to
- Coral reefs
- Small fish
- The word “it” in line 4 is a reference to the