TOEFL iTP | Reading | Vocabulary Questions | Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo

We are back with a high-octane TOEFL iTP Reading! And in today’s question for understanding context, I have bigger vocabulary terms, prior knowledge, and energy. Get your popcorn ready!

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TOEFL iTP | Reading | Vocabulary Questions | Supernova

We’re back with some more vocabulary questions! As you may already know, I upload podcasts just 4 times a week now because I’m focusing on bigger projects, nor do I believe I need to upload so often. So, I hope you’re enjoying the schedule so you have time to digest each episodes! And in saying that, let’s dive in!

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A supernova occurs when all of the hydrogen in the core of a huge star is transformed to iron and explodes. All stars die after their nuclear fuel has been exhausted. Stars with little mass die gradually, but those with relatively large mass die in a sudden explosion, a supernova. The sudden flash of light can then be followed by several weeks of extremely bright light, perhaps as much light as twenty million stars.

            Supernovas are not very common; they occur about once every hundred years in any galaxy, and in 1987 a supernova that could be seen by the naked eye occurred in the Magellan Cloud, a galaxy close to the Milky Way. Scientists periodically detect supernovae in other galaxies; however, no supernovae have occurred in the Milky Way (the galaxy that includes the Earth) since 1604. One very impressive supernova occurred in the Milky Way on July 4, 1054. There was a great explosion followed by three months of lighted skies, and historical chronicles of the time were full of accounts and unusual explanations for the misunderstood phenomenon – many people believed that it meant that the world was coming to an end.

  1. A “supernova” in line 1 is which of the following?
  1. The iron component of a star
  2. The core of a star
  3. The hydrogen in a star
  4. Th explosion of a star
  • According to the passage, which of the following best describes the “Magellan Cloud” in line 7?
  1. A galaxy inside the Milky Way
  2. A cloud composed of Hydrogen
  3. A galaxy near the Earth’s galaxy
  4. A cloud in the sky above the Earth
  • The Milky Way in line 9 is
  1. Part of the earth
  2. A galaxy close to the earth
  3. The galaxy that is home to the earth
  4. A creamy-colored cloud in the sky
  • Which of the following is closest in meaning to “phenomenon” in line 12?
  1. Everyday occurrence
  2. Misunderstood event
  3. Common belief
  4. Unusual occurrence

TOEFL iTP | Reading | Vocabulary Questions | The Teddy Bear

We’re back! Thanks so much for the HUGE support in regards to my TOEFL iTP Video on YouTube! Appreciate it so much!
And with that being said, today I’ll break down how you can understand context in TOEFL iTP Reading (Vocabulary Questions).

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Reading

The teddy bear is a child’s toy, a nice, soft stuffed animal suitable for cuddling. It is, however, a toy with an interesting history behind it.

            Theodore Roosevelt, or Teddy as he was commonly called, was president of the United States from 1901 to 1909. He was an unusually active man with varied pastimes, one of which was hunting. One day, the president was invited to take part in a bear hunt; and insamuch as Teddy was president, his hosts wanted to ensure that he caught a bear. A bear was captured, clunked over the head to knock it out, and tied to a tree; however, Teddy, who really wanted to actually hunt, refused to shoot the bear and in fact demanded that the bear be extricated from the ropes; that is, he demanded that the bear be set free.

            The incident attracted a lot of attention among journalists. First a cartoon – drawn by Clifford K. Berryman to make fun of this situation – appeared in the Washington Post, and the cartoon was widely distributed and reprinted throughout the country. Then toy manufacturers began producing a toy bear which they called a “teddy bear.” The teddy bear became the most widely recognized symbol of Roosevelt’s presidency.

  1. According to line 1 of the passage, what is a “teddy bear”?
  1. A ferocious animal
  2. The president of the USA
  3. A famous hunter
  4. A plaything
  • In line 4, pastimes could best be replaced by
  1. Things that occurred in the past
  2. Previous jobs
  3. Hunting trips
  4. Leisure activities
  • The word “extricated” in line 9 is closest in meaning to which of the following?
  1. Released
  2. Tied up
  3. Hunted
  4. Shot
  • In line 11 “cartoon” could be best described as
  1. A newspaper
  2. A type of teddy bear
  3. A drawing with a message
  4. A newspaper article

TOEFL iTP | Reading | The Coelacanth Fish

We’re back! It’s been SOOO LONG since I’ve done one of these, but it has reemerged from the dead! So many of my Mexicans and Indonesians have checked out my blog over the past 2 years, and the numbers continue to climb. So, I wanted to come back and do more!

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Unlike these fish, which are actually extinct, the coelacanth is a type of fish that was believed to be extinct. However, an unexpected twentieth-century rediscovery of living coelacanths has brought about a reassessment of the status of this prehistoric sea creature that was believed to have long since disappeared from the Earth.

            From fossil remains of the coelacanth, paleontologists have determined that the coelacanth was in existence around 350 million years ago, during the Paleozoic Era, more than 100 million years before the first dinosaurs arrived on Earth. The most recent fossilized coelacanths date from around 70 million years ago, near the end of the Mesozoic Era and near the end of the age of dinosaurs. Because no fossilized remnants of coelacanths from the last 70 million years have been found, the coelacanth was believed to have died out around the same time as the dinosaurs.

            The prehistoric coelacanth studied by paleontologists had distinctive characteristics that differentiated it from other fish. It was named for its hollow spine and was known to have been a powerful carnivore because of its sharp teeth many and a special joint in the skull that allowed the ferocious teeth to move in coordination with the lower jaw. It also had a pair of fins with unusual bony and muscular development that allowed the coelacanth to dart around the ocean floor. These fins also enable the coelacanth to search out prey trying to hide on the ocean bottom.

            In 1938, a living specimen of the coelacanth was discovered in the catch of a fishing boat off the coast of South Africa, and since then, numerous other examples of the coelacanth have been found in the waters of the Indian Ocean. This modern version of the coelacanth is not exactly the same as its prehistoric cousin. Today’s coelacanth is larger than its prehistoric relative, measuring up to six feet in length and weighing up to 150 pounds. However, the modern version of the coelacanth still possesses the characteristic hollow spine and distinctive fins with their unusual bony and muscular structure.

  1. The passage is about a fish
  1. That is extinct
  2. That once was extinct
  3. That is becoming extinct
  4. That, surprisingly, is not extinct

  1. 1. It can be inferred from the passage that the first dinosaurs most likely appeared on Earth around
  1. 150 million years ago.
  2. 250 million years ago.
  3. 350 million years ago.
  4. 450 million years ago.

  1. Coelacanths were believed to have died out after existing for
  1. 70 million years
  2. 140 million years
  3. 280 million years
  4. 350 million years
  • It can be inferred from the passage that the word coelacanth comes from the Greek for
  1. Extinct fish
  2. Hollow spine
  3. Sharp teeth
  4. Bony fingers
  • What is stated in the passage about the prehistoric coelacanth?
  1. It was a rather feeble fish
  2. It lived on plants
  3. It had a few teeth
  4. It moved its teeth in an unusual way
  • The pronoun “it” refers to
  1. Coelacanth
  2. Joint
  3. Coordination
  4. Jaw
  • According to the passage, why are scientists sure that the prehistoric coelacanth was a flesh-eater?
  1. Because of its hollow spine
  2. Because of the size of the skull
  3. Because of the shape and movement of the teeth
  4. Because of its unusual bony and muscular development
  • How many modern coelacanths have been found?
  1. Only one
  2. Only two
  3. Only a few
  4. Quite a few
  • What is NOT true about the prehistoric coelacanth, according to the passage?

  • It was smaller than the modern coelacanth
  • It measured as much as six feet in length.
  • It weighed less than 150 pounds.
  • It had a hollow spine and distinctive fins.
  1. Which paragraph describes the earlier version of the coelacanth?
  1. The first paragraph
  2. The second paragraph
  3. The third paragraph
  4. The fourth paragraph

Answers in video and podcast down below!

Podcast

TOEFL iBT | 1 on 1 Coaching | Writing your Introduction with Intention

Newsflash: You won’t be given a line in your test, stating what the lecture is. So, most of these websites are deceiving because the line you actually see is the one you have to recreate. So, what are you actually listening for? What should you include? Everything is in today’s training.

TOEFL iBT | TOEFL Preparation Classes | SQ4: Implementing MI, SD, EX & CC

So, what are these acronyms, might you ask? MI: Main Idea SD: Supporting Detail Ex: Example CC: Conclusion A systematic approach to taking notes that will never leave you lost again, as well as seeing the four big areas and trying to work around. Today is a segment on the speaking question 4, which I should’ve started on with to begin with, but it was the listening lecture. Nonetheless, try applying this and tell me what you think!

TOEFL iBT | TOEFL Preparation Classes | Lecture: Masterpiece Note-taking

We’re back! It’s been two weeks, but I’m coming back with some amazing coaching classes between me and my students. In today’s segment, you’re going to see how we take notes, although the “how to” will be in the next video. Nonetheless, I hope you enjoy this!

TOEFL iBT | TOEFL Preparation Classes | Listening: Lecture | The ILiad

I was going to start debuting sneak peeks from my TOEFL listening course here, but I decided to switch it up and give you guys a PROLIFIC piece of content with the third group of TOEFL Preparation Classes. In today’s episode, we go into lectures. One of my students actually has prior knowledge about the topic, and she scored 1 points higher than the others. But it’s the “how” behind doing it. Tune in!

TOEFL iBT | TOEFL Preparation Classes | Reading: Transgenic Plants

Boom! Another great reading with so much discussion and ways to get better. this was the first of four reading sessions with many more coming that focus on very specific skills. In this episode, you’re going to hear a huge breakdown and how some of my students navigate around the difficult questions of reading.