TOEFL iTP | Reading | Susceptibility to Catching Colds

Welcome back to another TOEFL iTP reading! I see my blog exploding in so many ways, along with my YouTube videos and podcasts…so I’m doubling down on my blogs, videos, and podcasts with TOEFL iTP. So, today is the susceptibility to catching colds! Here’s the reading and questions down below.

Another critical factor that plays a part in susceptibility to colds is age. A study done by the University of Michigan School of Public Health revealed particulars that seem to hold true for the general population. Infants are the most cold-ridden group, averaging more than six colds in their first year. Boys have more colds than girls up to age three. After the age of three, girls are more susceptible than boys, and teenage girls average three colds a year to boys’ two.

The general incidence of colds continues to decline into maturity. Elderly people who are in good health have as few as one or two colds annually one exception is found among people in their twenties, especially women, who show a rise in cold infections, because people in this age group are most likely to have young children. Adult who delay having children until their thirties and forties experience the same sudden increase in cold infections.

The study also found that economics plays an important role. As income increases, the frequency at which colds are reported in the family decreases. Families with the lowest income suffer about a third more colds than families at the upper end. Lower income generally forces people to live in more cramped quarters than those typically occupied by wealthier people, and crowding increases the opportunities for the cold virus to travel from person to person. Low income may also adversely influence diet. The degree to which poor nutrition affects susceptibility to colds is not yet clearly established, but an inadequate diet is suspected of lowering resistance generally.

Bruce Rogers pbt toefl
  1. The paragraph that precedes this passage most probably deals with
  • minor diseases other than colds
  • the recommended treatment of colds
  • a factor that affects susceptibility to colds
  • methods of preventing colds among elderly people

2. Which of the following is closest in meaning to the word “particulars“?

  • minor errors
  • specific facts
  • small distinctions
  • individual people

3. What does the author claim about the study discussed in the passage?

  • it contains many inconsistencies
  • it specialized in children
  • it contradicts the results of earlier studies in the field
  • its results apparently are relevant for the population as a whole.

4. It may be inferred from the passage that which of the following groups of people is most likely to catch colds?

  • infant boys
  • young girls
  • teenage boys
  • elderly women

5. There is information in the second paragraph of the passage to support which of the following conclusions?

  • men are more susceptible to colds than women
  • children infect their parents with colds
  • people who live in a cold climate have more colds than those who live in a warm one
  • people who don’t have children are more susceptible to colds than those who do

6. The phrase “people in this age group”

  • infants
  • people in their twenties
  • people in their thirties and forties
  • elderly people

7. The author’s main purpose in writing the last paragraph of the passage was to

  • explain how cold viruses are transmitted
  • prove that a poor diet causes colds
  • discuss the relationship between income and frequency of colds
  • discuss the distribution of income among the people in the study

8. The word “cramped” means…

  • cheap
  • crowded
  • depressing
  • simple

9. The author’s tone in this passage could best be described as

  • neutral
  • humorous
  • tentative
  • critical

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IELTS | Listening | Cambridge 15 | T2 – P1 | Festival Information

We’re back with another MASSIVE listening. Now remember, you can get 1 on 1 coaching with me or private group coaching sessions in regards to any of the subskills to IELTS…just ask away! And with that being said, these IELTS videos/podcasts are HUGE. So here I am with another one! Make sure you check out my podcast/video down below a long with the table!

Festival Information

DateType of EventDetails
17tha concertperformers from Canada
18tha balletcompany called (1) _______
19th-20th
(afternoon)
a playtype of play: a comedy called
Jemima has had a good (2) ________
20th
(evening)
a (3) __________
show
show is called (4) _______________
Table

Questions 5-10

Write one word only for each answer

Workshops

– Making (5) ___________ food

– (children only) Making (6) ____________

– (adults only) Making toys from (7) __________ using various tools

Outdoor Activities

– Swimming in the (8) ___________

– Walking in the woods, led by an expert on (9) ____________

See the festival organizer’s (10) ____________ for more information

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Make sure you write your answers down below and watch my video!

Arsenio’s Business English Podcast | Season 6 | Sales | Meeting Sales Targets & Planning a Meeting

Early Podcast is here! Templates coming to the Business English Podcast Badge — and in today’s discussion, we’re going to talk about Sales Targets.

Could targets sometimes be unreasonable? If you have a boss who was never in sales before, he definitely would have a tendency of setting astronomically high targets for staff.

For example, in 2017, I used to see the sales staff at the language center I work at stress at the end of the month because they would always fail to meet their target, which was 20k USD per month — a figure that I couldn’t even begin to wrap my head around. Why? Because the CEO, who was never in sales and greedy as hell, made it impossible for them to get a commission. And so if they missed the mark, he would profit and take that 40-59k USD every month and do WHATEVER with it.

Having a CEO or manager who’s never been in sales could be extremely problematic. So, let’s dive into it in today’s podcast. Templates coming throughout the day on my business English podcast badge!

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TOEFL Grammar – Quantifiers

Here we are! TOEFL Grammar is available on my Patreon! However, you need to sign up on my TOEFL iBT Badge to get all the details. Here’s an excerpt from the long document.

A quantifier is a word or phrase which is used before a noun to indicate the amount or quantity. Quantifiers can be used with both countable and uncountable nouns. Below is a list of some common quantifiers.

many, much, a few, a little, a huge amount of, a large number of, some, any, no, several, a great number of, a small quantity of ..etc

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TOEFL iBT | Independent Essay | Evaluating an Essay #3

Welcome back to another amazing TOEFL iBT Podcast! Because I realized this is my true market, I’m now focusing heavily on both iTP/iBT rather than IELTS (a completely different market with too many takers). So, here I am giving you a Patreon Special Snippet. In this video, (which I normally do for all my students who are on my Patreon), I will discuss how my student’s introductory paragraph doesn’t support the second body paragraph. Although her second body paragraph is phenomenal, it misses the mark here. So, let’s dive into this amazing snippet and break this down. Again, for anyone who’s interested in my Patreon membership or 1 on 1 coaching, inquire today!

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Arsenio’s Business English Podcast | Season 6 | Sales | Qualifying Prospects

Wow! Timewasters vs. hot prospects. Guys, you may not know, but because I’m entering the entire “online business world” before emigrating to Costa Rica next year, there have been a number of times that I’ve caught myself wasting a significant amount of time with the wrong demographic. Also, learning how to sell and doing things both right and wrong. In this long podcast, you’re going to learn a variety of things to help you stop wasting time and identify your demographic.

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TOEFL iBT | Patreon Special | Speaking Question 4 | Canyons | What Notes to Take

Welcome back to another TOEFL iBT speaking question, everyone! Today we’re going to be discussing speaking question 4 and for good reason. Earlier I was coaching one of my students and we had come across a very difficult segment. There were three reasons, a long with an extensive opening introduction, and she was at a loss of where to go about taking notes. I told her that she wouldn’t be able to take ALL THE NOTES, so her goal would to do this instead….which is down below in the video and podcast.

My Notes from The Audio (available on the video and podcast)

Canyons

Canyon is a deep split resulting from erosion

plateau canyons – source of water that creates them

_________________________________

– form on plateaus

– shaped by geological forces and wind and rain that wears them down

rain creates rivers

rivers eat into plateau and be very wide

_________________________________

slot

narrow

deeper than they are wide

so narrow

created by flash floods

periods of heavy rain –> occurs 6 hours after

slot canyons are found in sandstone and limestone and typical locations for large slot canyons

Podcast

IELTS | Speaking | 1 on 1 Coaching | Speaking Part 1 – Weather

Welcome back to another IELTS coaching and in today’s podcast, my student will be discussing the different types of weather that she’s accustomed to, her likes and dislikes. Listen to the feedback, take notes and improve your IELTS speaking!

{Update} As of last week, I received notice that this particular student got a huge 7.5 in her speaking band. For the next two days, you’ll hear the part II (as well as mine) and the part III. Big shout out and congratulations to her!

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