TOEFL: Main Clause Structure; Partial & Complete Main Clauses

If a sentence has a subject, it must have a verb unless it’s a double-comparison structure.

If a sentence consists of a main clause and subordinate clause, each should have a subject and a verb.

The clause word is placed at or very near the boundary between the main and the subordinate clause.

Sentence Breakdowns

  1. Packet switched networks ___________ information so that it can be remembered.

a. organize

b. organic

c. organization

d. organizing

 

2. As some grow older, many children __________ bonds to living things such as birds, dogs, cats, and other animals (depending on the country).

a. forms

b. form

c. forming

d. a form

 

3. Always ____________ the necessary documents to their original place as soon as you remove them.

a. return

b. a return

c. it is returned

d. they return

 

4. According to a survey, test scores ___________ influentially in university admission decisions.

a. may figure

b. may be of figure

c. may be a figure

d. have a figure

 

5. ______________ are vibrations or a main accent in music or poetry.

a. It beats

b. Beats

C. There are beats

d. That beats

 

Youtube

TOEIC Grammar: Determiners & Pronouns

Determiners and pronouns

Point 1 Determiners Definition :

A determiner is a word that is normally used at the beginning of a noun phrase. Determiners include:

  • articles. There are two types of articles: – the definite article: the
    – the indefinite article: a/an
  • possessive adjectives
  • demonstrative adjectives

 

Some and any are usually followed by plural countable nouns and uncountable nouns and are used as follows:

some cars

any cars

some money

any money

         Some is used:

  • in affirmative sentences: He’s got some books from the library.
  • in offers and requests:Could I have some books, please?
    Why don’t you take some books home with you?

    Any is used:

  • in negatives (not any = no; hardly any; never any): There isn’t any reason to complain.
  • in questions: Have they got any children?
  • in affirmative sentences, any = “no matter which”, “no matter who”,“no matter what”
    You can borrow any of my books.

    Their compounds

    Their compounds, which are always singular, are:

    • someone/somebody, something, somewhere. I have something to say.
    • anyone/anybody, anything, anywhere. Does anybody have the time?
      You may invite anybody to dinner, I don’t mind.  You can invite anyone to dinner.
    • no one/nobody, nothing, nowhere. Homeless people have nowhere to go at night.
    • (everyone/everybody, everything, everywhere).
    • They can be followed by else. There’s nothing else to do.
    • What else do you want to watch?

However, you can also use “someone’s car/somebody’s coming” in contraction form to show position or just using the LV “is.”

 

Also, “else” is one of those words that’s very difficult to understand, simply because there’s not much of a translation into the Thai language.  Example, “what else do you want to do?” My students look at me cluelessly because they just can’t wrap their heads around it.

YouTube

TOEIC: Incomplete Sentences + Text Completion

Welcome back to a full-on blog and episode (in the YouTube video down below) about the two areas of grammar that’s features on the TOEIC test.

Without further ado – let’s get into it.

Directions: Select the best answer to complete the sentence. 

  1. The Stock Market falls when the unemployment rate ____________.
  1. will rise
  2. rises
  3. risen
  4. have risen

2. The company plans to issue ____________ for the first time next quarter.

  1. divide
  2. dividends
  3. divisive
  4. divider

3. Hix & Co. will announce sales figures from the last quarter which __________ expected to be low.

  1. will
  2. is
  3. are
  4. were

4. It is up to the head of the division to use the ___________ funds.

  1. discretionary
  2. discreet
  3. discretion
  4. discreetly

5. His budget always tends to be ____________, which protects his department from unexpected costs.

  1. inflation
  2. inflationary
  3. inflate
  4. inflated

Text Completion

Park, Lee and Associates started as ______6_____ two-person firm more than 75 years ago and has grown into South Korea’s largest Independent Certified Public Accounting firm.  _____7______ got that way by focusing on the special needs of our clients.   

We always put the client first.  We offer traditional accounting services such as audit and tax services.  We also act as consultants and can provide a number of new, innovative services such as fund start-up services. 

We help business owners save money and protect themselves from risk.  we help individuals protect ____8____ assets, plan for the future, and minimise taxes.

____9____ services set us apart from other firms.

6) a, one, this, the

7) They, She, We, It

8) our, her, its, their

9) this, that, these, the

 

YouTube

PDF

TOEIC- Incomplete Sentences + Text – PDF

TOEIC Grammar – Comparatives & Superlatives

 Comparatives and Superlatives

Adjective

Comparative

Superlative

one-syllable

hard

-er harder

-est hardest

two-syllable ending in –y early

-er earlier

-est earliest

other two-syllable and long tiring

intelligent

more more tiring

more intelligent

most most tiring

most intelligent

some two-syllable quiet

clever simple

more or –er more quiet

cleverer simpler

most or –est quietest

most clever most simple

Some adjectives have irregular comparatives and superlatives as shown in the following table:

Example: The situation should get better soon. How much further is it?

The new model uses less gas.

+) A lot, much … with comparatives

Before the comparatives of adjectives you can use:
much, a lot, a little, a bit, far, any, no, rather, slightly, and significantly

  • If we leave any later than 5.00, we’ll get caught in rush hour.
  • This task is much more complicated than that one.

 As … as

We use as … as … to say that people or things are equal in some way. Note:

  • as much … as …, as many … as …
    I didn’t get as much money as I hoped.
  • twice/ three times … as … as …
    A US worker is 10 times as expensive as a worker in Mexico.
  • the same … as …
    My hair is the same colour as yours.

Adjective

Comparative

Superlative

good

better

best

bad

worse

worst

far

farther/further

farthest/furthest

little

less

least

much

more

most

TOEIC QUESTION

  1. A customer requesting a refund must be prepared to wait __________ 4-6 weeks for the request to be processed.

a. rough

b. rougly

c. rougher

d. roughest

 

YouTube

 

TOEIC – Reading Section: Introduction, Tips, & A Passage

I decided to do the reading section of TOEIC because I simply haven’t done a video or blog on it yet.  I’m excited about doing this because Native English Speakers can use these techniques for SAT (maybe). TOEFL is a difficult test, but it’s also something you can use with it.  Stay tuned for that, but I haven’t had any students approach me in regards to TOEFL yet.

So, let’s dive into it.

Different Types of Questions

  1. Specific Information (positive)
  2. Vocabulary Questions
  3. Main Idea & inference Questions
  4. Specific Information Questions

Specific Information questions are the easiest and quickest to find.  I love to tell my students to look at the questions that have numbers.  These are the easiest.  Questions that say “what is the purpose of this memo” (ex. number 3 – main idea and inference questions) should always come last.

If you look at number two, which is vocabulary questions, you can see that this is probably the second easiest.

The toss up for last will be between question types 3 and 4.

Questions

  1. For whom is this letter intended?

A) Alberto Romero

B) Benjamin Weintraub

C) John Teirney

D) Alex Andreas?

      2. What kind of job does the applicant want?

A) Human resources

B) Advertising

C) Marketing

D) Sales

      3. Where did Mr. Romero Want To Work?

A) In Britain

B) In North America

C) In Eastern Europe

D) In Asia

 

Passage

Alberto Romero

1711 Taylor Avenue

North Las Vegas

NV 89030

USA

Dear. Mr. Romero,

This letter is to thank you for your application to join out international sales team.  Unfortunately, we must inform you that due to the large number of highly-qualified applicants that applied for the position of Eastern European sales representative, we have already filled all the positions that were advertised in the May issue of the Human Resources Bulletin

As you know, administrative and marketing positions in our European and Asia-Pacific offices regularly become available during the year and we would welcome your application for future international postings.

Yours Truly

Frederick Andreas

 

YouTube Video

Career Goals For 2018

Well, this is the big one! I mean there’s Tedx, working for companies (on my own contracts), there’s the podcast, Herbalife, YouTube, selling things on my website, business cards, meetings, presentations.  Omg! I mean I really need to thing and plan this one out thoroughly.

Podcast

One of the biggest goals of course for this year is building a bigger audience. Stagnation does happen from time-to-time.  Has my podcast been on the incline? Absolutely YES.  I mean in 2016, I would be excited if I get 1-5 plays in one day.  Now that I’ve enabled downloading on my podcast, everything has taken off.  There are third-party websites picking up my podcast.  I’m on iHeartRadio and Stitcher along with dozens of others.  I bought a year-long subscription on SoundCloud to reach out to people on there and it’s all going very well.  The next big step is obviously Spotify.

I definitely need MORE INTERVIEWS! Since I’ve already established a schedule, there’s a one day void on Monday and I would love to do four interviews a month.  I have two prospectives at the moment.  One person, who I was suppose to do a podcast interview last week until technical difficulties, has gone completely silent.  Perhaps he was frustrated with the entire ordeal – and he had a reason to be. LOL. It happens.

Collaborations are extremely important.  Having people put me on their podcast and provide a link…or even attaching the link to a blog is very important.  Example, there was one particular “hollywood” personality who I got in touch with and I think she was all up for the podcast on my end; however, she then asked for $995.  I laughed because she had just a hair over 1k followers.  Smh.

YouTube

My students, at the company that recently expunged me (I love saying this – lol), looked my educational videos up on YouTube back in October.  When they did this, I realized my plays went from 2k to 3k in a months span.  Since then. My videos are at 4.6k.  I’ve looked at the geographical location and it points basically everywhere: Indonesia, Brazil, Antigua, France, Reunion, South Korea, Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Switzerland.  You name it.  I couldn’t believe it because I hadn’t made an educational video in the past two years! So, I decided to make a ton of videos and I make sure content is being distributed rapidly.  I now have my graphic designer working on a new banner and a few other things.

Herbalife

I’m not one of those people that like shoving products or anything down others’ faces.  I did this probably a few years ago in trying to convince some of my friends that they should try Herbalife…and it never worked.  After that, I just didn’t care anymore.  If I could just live it, people will come.  Since then, lots of people, including co-workers and students, have asked me about the products.  No, I haven’t gone up the ranks since 2013, but I do want to take the great leap sometime in the last quarter of this year and start set up a new stream of income.

Book

Grrrrr this is the one! I was thinking of having a ghostwriter do it for me, but no one knows the story of what I went through here in Thailand more than I! I mean I have to tell it very vividly and descriptively.  I wish I had documented everything when it occurred, but I didn’t.  I just recently watched a TedX about a girl saying, “staying silent is the worse thing you can do.”  Well, I need to speak up about the experiences I’ve had in this country once and for all.  Just doing it is the catch…but if I can just brainstorm a couple of pages in the morning and make it my number one priority for the year = BINGO!

Website

The website is going to come into fruition over the next few months (before my anticipatory leave to South America), and on there will be lots of PDF’s templates and other things for my students all around the world to buy and stuff.  Luckily I have a graphic designer that’s doing amazing work at the moment; and what’s even more is I have the savings to pay for it all.  Very ecstatic and grateful for it.  Now, when this website launches, this WordPress site is going to be switched over there.  WordPress hasn’t provided me with much of anything except traffic.  Even the payment button is faulty.  If I want to sell things and plugins, I have to pay an additional 150$, which isn’t even worth it (sorry, WordPress); so I’m going to have a brilliant graphic designer build my website from scratch.  WOOHOO!

Podcast

https://www.spreaker.com/user/thearseniobuckshow/career-goals-for-2018