TOEIC: Causative Verbs

Causative verbs show that someone or something made a certain action happen.  The most common causative verbs are get, make, and have.  Verbs like order, cause, force, and want can also be causative verbs.  They are followed by noun clauses.

  • If the direct object of the causative verbs make, have, and let perform the action, the simple (base) form of a verb is used.
  • If the direct object of other causative verbs (such as get, want, order, cause, etc.) perform the action, to plus the simple (base) form of a verb is used.
  • If the direct object of the causative verb receives the action, the past participle form of a verb is used.
  1. Example: He had the secretary sign for the package.
  2. Example II: He ordered everyone to leave the room.
  3. Example: III: We will want the invoices returned at once.

 

  1. In the future, the company will not let its part-time and temporary employees _______ overtime.
  1. to work
  2. be working
  3. worked
  4. work

2) Despite 20 years of success, the financial stress and burden of the sudden recession made the partnership _________.

  1. fail
  2. to fail
  3. failed
  4. to be failed

3) The firm wants its product __________ safely and in a timely manner; otherwise it will seek an alternative shipper.

  1. package
  2. be packaged
  3. packaged
  4. packaging

4) All employees were able to get their pay checks ___________ before the power outage closed the banks.

  1. deposits
  2. deposited
  3. depositing
  4. be deposited

5) The severe weather conditions in the airplane regions forced the airlines _________ all outgoing flights and diver incoming planes.

  1. cancelling
  2. to cancel
  3. cancel
  4. canceled

6) I received a text message from Takeshi yesterday, and it mentioned that they had the equipment ___________ yesterday.

  1. shipped
  2. ship
  3. was shipped
  4. was being shipped

7) Before Annie ran out for a meeting yesterday, she had Ms. Brunelli _________ the new clear around the premises. 

  1. show
  2. showed
  3. showing
  4. was showed

8) The increase in layoffs over the past two fiscal periods has caused everyone ___________ less secure.

  1. feels
  2. felt
  3. was felt
  4. to feel

9) What company besides ours would make its employees __________ overtime on a national holiday?

  1. will be working
  2. worked
  3. be working
  4. work

10) A wise consumer gets his or her phone order __________ in writing before submitting payment.

  1. confirming
  2. confirms
  3. confirmed
  4. confirm

 

YouTube

PDF

TOEIC – Verbs – Causative

 

TOEIC – Reading Section: Introduction, Tips, & A Passage

I decided to do the reading section of TOEIC because I simply haven’t done a video or blog on it yet.  I’m excited about doing this because Native English Speakers can use these techniques for SAT (maybe). TOEFL is a difficult test, but it’s also something you can use with it.  Stay tuned for that, but I haven’t had any students approach me in regards to TOEFL yet.

So, let’s dive into it.

Different Types of Questions

  1. Specific Information (positive)
  2. Vocabulary Questions
  3. Main Idea & inference Questions
  4. Specific Information Questions

Specific Information questions are the easiest and quickest to find.  I love to tell my students to look at the questions that have numbers.  These are the easiest.  Questions that say “what is the purpose of this memo” (ex. number 3 – main idea and inference questions) should always come last.

If you look at number two, which is vocabulary questions, you can see that this is probably the second easiest.

The toss up for last will be between question types 3 and 4.

Questions

  1. For whom is this letter intended?

A) Alberto Romero

B) Benjamin Weintraub

C) John Teirney

D) Alex Andreas?

      2. What kind of job does the applicant want?

A) Human resources

B) Advertising

C) Marketing

D) Sales

      3. Where did Mr. Romero Want To Work?

A) In Britain

B) In North America

C) In Eastern Europe

D) In Asia

 

Passage

Alberto Romero

1711 Taylor Avenue

North Las Vegas

NV 89030

USA

Dear. Mr. Romero,

This letter is to thank you for your application to join out international sales team.  Unfortunately, we must inform you that due to the large number of highly-qualified applicants that applied for the position of Eastern European sales representative, we have already filled all the positions that were advertised in the May issue of the Human Resources Bulletin

As you know, administrative and marketing positions in our European and Asia-Pacific offices regularly become available during the year and we would welcome your application for future international postings.

Yours Truly

Frederick Andreas

 

YouTube Video

TOEIC – Incomplete Sentences #5 + Podcast + YouTube Video

Welcome back to another edition of incomplete sentences.  If I’m not mistaking, this could be the very first blog I’ve written along with the YouTube video and Podcast for Incomplete Sentences.

Anyhow, here’s a breakdown of gerunds.

Gerunds are verbs in their base form + -ing, e.g. doing. Infinitives are verbs in their base form + to, e.g. to do.

Short Exercise

Match the sentences (a-f) with the rules down below. 

a. That will give us more time to go running.

b. I’d be interested in finding a new pair of shoes.

c. I don’t like doing homework.

d. I think cleaning will change over the next few decades.

e. You use a fridge to keep your food chilled.

f. That’s easy to fix. 

Rules

  1. We use the infinitive/gerund after prepositions (except to)
  2. We use the infinitive/gerund immediately after adjectives.
  3. We use the infinitive/gerund with go to talk about physical activities.
  4. We use the infinitive/gerund after verbs of liking or disliking (except would like).
  5. We use the infinitive/gerund to explain why we do something.
  6. We use the infinitive/gerund as the subject or object of the sentence.

 

TOEIC EXERCISE

  1. Although I advised her to go by train, she decided _____________ instead. 

A) drive     B) to drive     C) driving     D) drove

 

      2. He was out when I called, but the receptionist kindly offered _________ a message for me.

A) to take       B) taken     C) took      D) taking

 

3. It appears that our competitors are considering ____________ our takeover proposal. 

A) to accept     B) accept     C) accepting     D) accepted

 

     4. When buying a new car, it is advisable to __________ the best deal you can find. 

A) go through     B) look for    C) get into     D) fill out

  • If you take a look at the sentence, what verb in the answers is closely related to the word “find?”

 

 5. We are ___________ on you to make a good impression at the conference next month.

A) taking    B) counting    C) putting     D) picking

 

 6. After waiting for more than thirty minutes for my entree to arrive, I asked __________to the manager.

A) speak    B) speaking    C) spoken    D) to speak

 

Podcast Link 

https://www.spreaker.com/e/DNmcCSXeUJ8

 

YouTube Video

My Top Islands Around The World (So Far)

So, after going to Maldives, I thought to myself, “man, people around the world should know what are the best islands to go to.”

Now, don’t get me wrong, there are a lot of islands out there in Europe that I do not know about, but from my personal perspective, these three islands I’ve gone to give a cultural diversity punch to it.  In Europe, it would predominantly be European and possibly American, which means the diversity would lack compared to the places I’ve been to.  So, with that being said, and a podcast at the bottom for some audio fun, LET’S DIVE IN!

Number 3

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Maldives!

Hey, it’s not a sad number 3….it still trumps Krabi, Phuket, Koh Phangan and every other beach in Thailand – period.

Maldives is a cluster of islands sitting in the middle of the Indian ocean.  It’s really to access if you live in India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and even in some parts of Asia like Myanmar, Thailand, etc.

Being able to island hop, seeing turquoise waters everywhere and tasting some of the super fine cuisine on the island is a massive plus.  The diversity is amazing.  I was served by a gorgeous Balinese the first day at a restaurant a couple hundred meters away from my hotel.  Next day, when I went on a full-day excursion, I met people from all over the world such as Indonesia & Greek chefs, to Egyptian friends.  The clean streets and the super relaxed culture makes this a great destination.

There isn’t much of a nightlife.  After 3 nights, you’ve pretty much seen it all, unless you’re that couple who loves to relax on a private island for weeks at a time.  This is a destination to escape all the hustling and bustling of the developing world.  Period.

Number 2

image1.JPG

Hawaii!

Having traveled here twice, this is a ridiculous wonderful place.  You have Diamond Head overlooking Waikiki, Aulani Disney Resort, Pineapple Plantation, Turtle Beach in the north…just so much! Oh, that was just on Honolulu.  For those with an extra bit of cash, you have the Big Island and Maui, which has cliff-jumping and other insane activities, waiting for you.

Hawaii, however, is not a place for single travellers.  The first time I went there was a disaster.  I was bored out of my mind and there isn’t a place where a single guy can walk in and chat it up.  No way.  People go with groups, families (lots of Japanese tourists) and it’s just not that type of place like Phuket or Krabi.  If you’re a solo traveler, Thailand (unfortunately, lol) is one of the best places to go because you can meet people easily.

The second time I went there I had the trip of a life-time with my best friend Alissa.

Rent-A-Car! – See the island in it’s entirety by renting the car! Walking up and down Waikiki can get a bit boring.  Taking the bus is even worse because they rarely come.

Consider The Other Islands – Plan it out according to your schedule, because the other islands houses things that the ultra-touristy Honolulu doesn’t.

Number 1

image1.JPG

BALI!

My absolute favorite place on the planet.  No, it wasn’t because of the airport staff paying “la bamba” while I was boarding my plane to leave.  It was a combination of the wondrous hospitality, breathtaking views, remote beaches, night safari, and the resounding culture that was jaw-dropping.

In Bali, you don’t just have an island, and you don’t have a very commercialized city like you do in Honolulu.  You have Jimbaran to the south, which is full of resorts.  You have the ridiculously outlandish party scene in Kuta, which is full of awesome Australians.  You have Ubud about an hour north, which is the most gorgeous jungle one could ever imagine.  You have Komodo island, which is full of creatures that are said to have been around at the same time as Sabre-tooth Tigers and Woolly  Mammoths.  Mt. Bromo, which provides the most compelling views of the island.  This place is just heaven.  When I left, I almost cried.  Going from a place like Bali, back to Bangkok….you can imagine why (LOL).  I was there for a holiday and a competition.  Special shout out to The Sintesa Jimbaran for the best service I’ve ever had (until Maldives, but you’re still in my heart).

These are three islands…and the top three I’ve been to in my lifetime.  Honestly, depends what side of the world you’re coming from.  If you’re coming from America, Hawaii is your best bet.  If you’re in Asia, you’re in a perfect range because you can visit either of the three.  If you’re in Australia, Bali is just an 8 hour ride away….Hawaii could be more difficult to get to (but not anymore because Jetstar Asia now goes there).  If you’re in Thailand, obviously Bali and Maldives.

I will give it to you like this: forest, sea, partying = Bali.  Trekking, hiking, beaches, some nightlife, some islands = Hawaii. Super relaxation and island hopping, along with the best waters in the world = Maldives.

Podcast

https://www.spreaker.com/user/thearseniobuckshow/my-top-three-islands-on-the-planet-in-my