Arsenio’s ESL Café: Shopping + Podcast

Shopping, especially in NES countries, could be easy (but most people make it difficult).  Know your simple phrases, have good ethics, and always put whatever you pick up back.  Very very important.

So, with that being said, let’s go over some useful expressions that will help you while shopping.

  • Can I help you? (shop assistant).
  • I’ll take it/them (it for singular, them for plural and you’re agreeing to buy them).
  • Excuse me, how much is this?
  • Anything else? (shop assistant)
  • That’s $5.
  • Here’s your change (meaning that register lady/man is handing back to you some change).
  • I’d like this. (meaning you would like to purchase this particular thing).
  • Would you like a bag? (this happens often if you buy a single item)
  • Do you sell (_____________)?
  • You’re welcome.
  • Sorry, we don’t have/haven’t got any at the moment.

Shopping

Complete the dialogues

  1. Can I help you?

a. You’re welcome.

b. No, I don’t want that pair.

c. Yes, I would like to purchase these jeans, please.

 

2. That’s 400 baht, please.

a. Here you are.

b. I’m sorry, we don’t have any.

c. Where is the jewellery section.

 

3. Thanks for your help.

a. Do you sell anything else here?

b. That’s all right.

c. No, thanks.

Podcast

YouTube

Arsenio’s ESL Podcast: Season 2 – Episode 19 – Voiceless & Voiced Sounds

Knowing the difference between voiceless and voiced sounds could be vital, depending on what situation it’s in.  Knowing whether they’re voiced in the beginning and end, too, is important.

Making a clear distinction between voiceless and voiced sounds is a major part of being understood.

For example, “I missed two pills” might sound like “I missed two bills.”

Vocal cords vibrate during the production of voice sounds and do not vibrate during voiceless sounds.  So, let’s break this day further.

Listen to my podcast down below and check mark the correct answers you hear.

Old Pills          or           Old Bills

Good pie         or           Good buy

Not cold          or           Not gold

Art class          or           Art glass

Bank cards       or           Bank guards

Lock out          or           Log out

Made the bet         or        Made the bed

Major leak      or           Major league

 

Rules And Practice

 

It’s all about identifying the vibration in the vocal cords.  Consonant sounds could be either voiceless or voiced.  Do this exercise and place your fingers on your throat and say /s/.  You should not feel any vibration.  Try it with /z/ after and you should be able to feel it.

Voiceless

p, t, k, f, s, f, t, h

 

Voice

b, d, g, v o, z, d, m, n, l, r, q, y, e

 

Podcast

 

 

TOEIC: Strategy Practice (Time Test)

Hello, all! Here’s a combined test of what I’ve done in full.  However, the YouTube video down below is the spoiler, so please, don’t watch it until AFTER you answer the questions down below.

  1. There are a lot of ways you can trim expenses. ____________, we could save by moving into a smaller office.

a. Consequently

b. For example

c. Moreover

d. In other words

 

2. The event had a lot of participants _______ we sent out the invitations on the last day.

a. because

b. even though

c. and

d. until

 

3. Many businesses are _________ that the increase in shipping costs will have a negative effect on profit margins.

a. concerned

b. anxiety

c. fear

d. stress

 

4. If you leave a message or voicemail at work, I will ________ as soon as possible.

a. call back

b. hang up

c. cut off

d. hold on

 

5. The contract with the company expires ____________ August.

a. at

b. for

c. on

d. in

 

6. The hotels closest to the convention center are much more expensive than others in the general CBD, __________ their location is very convenient.

a. or

b. so

c. but

d. and

 

7. You won’t be considered for the position if you _________ your application before the deadline.

a. won’t submit

b. don’t submit

c. aren’t submitting

d. didn’t submit

 

8. Before moving into the new office, we’ll get all the walls _________.

a. paint

b. painted

c. to paint

d. will be painted

 

9. They _______ beat out the competition and won the contract.

a. successive

b. success

c. successful

d. successfully

 

10) As soon as a position _________ available, the Human Resource office will contact you.

a. is becoming

b. will become

c. would become

d. becomes

 

 

TOEIC: Conditionals II

I wanted to do another rundown of conditionals so you all have a more thorough understanding. If you understand conditionals, not only will it improve your score by about 5-10 questions on Part 5, but also improve your writing – enabling you to use complex structures rather than simple structures.

Conditional sentences contain two distinct parts: the if-clause (condition) and result.  In both of these parts, the verb forms change according to the time.

Real Conditions

  • For a real condition in the future, the verb in the if-clause is usually in the present simple tense, while the verb in the result clause is in the future or imperative form.

– We will need to borrow money if taxes go up.

– If anyone calls here tomorrow, please take a message.

  • Will is sometimes used in the if-clause when it is used as a synonym of want.

– If they won’t compromise, we will have to cancel the negotiations.

  • For a real condition in the past, the verbs in both if-clause and the result clause are in the past.

-If they were waiting for a counteroffer, they were wise.

Unreal Conditions

  • For an unreal condition in the present, the verb in the if-clause is in the past form, while the verb in the result clause is would or could plus the simple (base) form.

-He would ask for an application if he wanted the job.

-If I earned more money, I could buy a better car.

  • For an unreal condition in the present, the correct form for the verb to be in the if0clause is were, no matter what the subject is.

-If she were easier to get along with, she would have more friends.

  • For an unreal condition in the past, the verb in the if-clause is in the past perfect tense, while the verb in the result clause is would have or could have plus the past participle of the verb.

-He would have made a better choice if he had listened to our advice.

-They could have finished the project sooner if they had made a better work plan.

  1. I thought by now we would have learned the lesson that if we ignore overhead, we _______ our expenses.
  1. underestimating
  2. would underestimate
  3. will underestimate
  4. have underestimated

2) If the yield _________ up from 2.1 percent, it would have been the highest average yield since 1854.

  1. would go
  2. has gone
  3. will go
  4. had gone

3) They will import 250,000 more cars a year if international quotas set by the ministry ______ lifted.

  1. are
  2. be
  3. will be
  4. have been

4) If the government __________ an import fee, as it has threatened to do for years, prices of consumer goods will increase by at least 10 percent.

  1. will impose
  2. imposes
  3. has imposed
  4. is imposing

5. Their monetary unit _________ strong if they did something about their deficit.

  1. would be
  2. can be
  3. should be
  4. will be

6. If there had been benefits, such as options for savings and stocks, I __________ applying for the position.

  1. could consider
  2. considering
  3. would have considered
  4. will be considering

7) If the wage parity agreement _________ approved, there might be a big problem.

  1. was not
  2. is not
  3. had not been
  4. will not be

8) The boss will offer James a huge promotion if he ________ to be more punctual.

  1. will learn
  2. had learned
  3. should learn
  4. were learning

9) This purchase __________ a poor decision if it had been made for investment purposes only.

  1. would have been
  2. would be
  3. may be
  4. was

10) If he had taken this particular train as was arranged for him in the original itinerary, he ________ on time for the meeting.

  1. arrives
  2. was arriving
  3. would have arrived
  4. arrived

YouTube

PDF

Conditionals