TOEFL iTP | Idioms & Expressions | Mini-lesson #1

I’ve done lots of TOEFL idioms podcast (probably going up to about number 8), but i felt like they weren’t as effective. Yes, the podcast plays show that they were fire, but I’m going through a more systematic approach now. In this podcast, I’m going to give you stories about the following idioms/expressions, then there will be an exercise for you down below to fill them in.

If you want the answers, make sure you comment below or reach out to me on my IG or Facebook!

  • spick and span – extremely clean, spotless
  • stack up against – compare with
  • stamp out – eliminate/wipe out
  • stand for – tolerate; put up with // symbolize: represent
  • stand out – be noticeable
  • stay out – not come home
  • stay out (or up) to all houses – come home *or go to bed* very late
  • stay up – not go to bed
  • stick with – not change; stay with
  • stock up on – get a large supply of something
  • a stone’s throw from – not far away from; close to
  • stop by – visit informally; go to see
  • straighten up clean up; make tidy
  • stuck with – have something one cannot get rid of
  • take a break – stop working for a short time
  • take a lot of nerve – require a lot of courage
  • take a lot out of (someone) – be hard on someone; drain energy from someone
  • take advantage of – utilize; make use of; exploit
  • take after – resemble; look like (especially an older relative)
  • take apart – disassemble
  • take it easy – relax, calm down

Now, fill in the blanks in the sentences with the idioms/expressions from above! You might have to change the verb forms based on the sentences.

  1. Vaccines have permitted doctors to virtually _________ _________ a number of diseases, including smallpox and polio.
  2. “How late do you usually _______ _______?” — “I’m normally in bed by eleven on weekdays.”
  3. “How late do you usually _______ _______ on weekends? ” — I sometimes don’t come home until 2 or 3 in the morning.
  4. “Do you ______ ______ your mother or father?” — “I don’t think I look much like either of them.”
  5. Early had no trouble _________ _________ the engine on the lawn mower, but then he couldn’t put it back together.
  6. You look a little tired. Why don’t you _________ _________ ________ and finish your homework later?
  7. The teacher won’t ________ ________ cheating. When she caught one student cheating on the mid-term exam, she gave him a zero on that test.
  8. “I tried and tried to find a buyer for this old car.” — “Looks like you’re _______ _______ it for now.”
  9. “My brother is going to invest all his savings in a new business venture.” — “That _______ _______ _______ _______ _______. I’d be afraid to take a risk like that.”
  10. “I give up. I can’t solve this chemistry problem.” — “________ _______it. Eventually, you’ll figure it out.”
  11. We have to leave the apartment ________ _______ ________. The landlord said that if it wasn’t clean when we moved out, we’d lose part of our security deposit.
  12. Don was wearing jeans and a T-shirt while all the other guests had on formal dinner wear. He really _________ _________.
  13. “I’m nervous about my interview.” — ” _______ ______ _______. You’ll make a better impression if you’re relaxed.”
  14. The fifty stars on the American flag __________ __________ the fifty states.
  15. “Do you ________ ________ your apartment before guests __________ _________?” — “A little bit. I don’t mind if it’s a little messy, but i don’t want it to look like a disaster area.”
  16. “My new roommate is from Italy.” — “You should ________ ________ ________ this opportunity to learn some Italian.”
  17. “I just heard on the news that the Florida orange crop was damaged by the hurricane last week, and that orange juice prices are going to go way up.” — “If we had a big freezer, we could ________ _______ _______ frozen orange juice n ow and we wouldn’t have to pay those prices.”
  18. “Do you live near Cecilia?” — “Oh, sure. My apartment building is just __________ ________ ________ ________ hers.”
  19. ” So you ran in that ten-kilometer race?” — “Yes, but it ________ ________ ________ _______ ________ me. I can hardly move.”
  20. “Time, you’ve eaten at both these restaurants — how does Chez Michelle _______ _______ _______ the Oak Room? — ” Oh, they’re both good. I think the Oak Room has slightly better food, but the service is better at Chez Michelle.”

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The Latest Technological Trends & Innovations You Should Watch (Longread – 1/3)

The technologists, business leaders, politicians, and government officials went off to Davos for the World Economic Forum to sit and talk about the new economy; how the world is about to shift into a new type of economy unlike the billionaires who are trying to save themselves from a bleak future as being envisioned by the technology pessimists. The way for you to future-proof yourselves will be to become life-long learners, pursue your own passions, and be positive against all odds.

According to the Deloitte report, this year is suppose to be the year that technological advances happen.  Deloitte had predicted that in order for enterprises to survive, they need to re-engineer their companies from both ways: the top down and bottom up. Every company needs to modernise their IT infrastructure, using automation and the outcome budgetary will be the way to go.

Since the recession, which caused many people and millennials to go unemployed and underemployed, there were many startups that sprang up and changed the status quo of the old economy of capitalism where enterprises were still being built on the traditional business hierarchy.  The capitalists would cut costs and maximise profits at the expenses of their workers till one innovator changed the way we work for 100 years, Henry Ford, who invented the American automobile industry and the 9 to 5 pm for the weekdays with increased wages.

However, the startup entrepreneurs have been leveraging technological innovation since the 1990s Age of Information like free software and hiring remotely through marketplaces like Upwork and Elance that allowed their business models to disrupt the traditional business models. This was built on labour-intensive.  Meanwhile, these startups were capital intensive, which allowed them to expand fast with the money from well – known venture capital. A good example will be this startup that doesn’t require traditional brick and mortar offices who practised a hierarchical organisation which they were responsible for this popular term at their height of the glory ‘holacracy,’ pioneered by the founder of Zappos, Tony Hsieh. With this new concept, it allowed many co-working spaces to develop and disrupt the traditional office spaces like mushrooms; and this kind of trend inspired daredevils, who are risk takers, to run their startup companies. Another company that popularised open – source platform for blogging that brought the world WordPress, Automattic was a company which started the remote companies that inspired entrepreneurs to run their business.

As technologies are getting more advanced due to their efficiency and becoming more user – friendly, repetitive jobs can be easily automated. According to the Oxford University report, 47% of jobs will be automated, a worrying trend as the current SME entrepreneurs who haven’t been adaptable would need to deploy their current workers and another workforce to re-skill their obsolete skills and adopt automation as technology.  AI and machine learning, like algorithms, would easily detect and match things compared to humans’ manual work. Therefore, it showed that these technologies are getting highly cognitive where Deloitte called it cognitive technology. AI and machine learning will be the trend in healthcare and marketing. However, PWC reported the AI would create many jobs for future to come if the current workforces and future generations could future – proof themselves.