Welcome to the first of its kind! Today we’re going to be going over how to take notes! I’m excited to finally bring this to you, and if you had been following my TOEFL speaking videos, you probably know how to take notes. Well, in this lecture, I’m going to take notes down below and we’re going to compare our notes with the questions. Also, knowing HOW I take notes is the most important part of this podcast, too.
interests to sociologists
we can define it as a social structure: social actors
groups, individuals, societies, relationships between them
1930’s — sociograms
visual representation or map based on relationships
micro – interactions small numbers — two individuals
meso – larger groups, still relatively low populations — business organizations
macro – interactions within populations
nuances lost, practical limitations at macro level
focus on outcomes, economic results
micro – social equality, mutuality, influence, prestige
dense cluster of connections
large grey = individuals with close social ties
one cluster – one company
another cluster – laboratory
information is redundant
two laboratories, not redundant = bridges between has structural hole
consultancy – good position to bridge it and access
whoever bridges, has more social cap
by keeping it, might hear of job opening and use information to forward to a company
strong interactions with different numbers were better paid
China — individuals that occupied in structual holes didn’t have benefits
- What is the best definition of social networking?
- electronic communication with numerous acquaintances at once.
- the study of the dyads between two individual people.
- analysis of the relationships connecting social entities.
- a study of the properties of single entities within a group.
2. How do studies at the macro level differ from studies at the micro level?
- studies at the micro level tend to result in less reliable data.
- studies at the macro level tend not to focus on the nature of a relationship.
- studies at the micro level are less practical for researchers.
- studies at the macro level are more useful when studying business organizations.
3. What is the most recent trend in the study of social networking?
- mathematical formulae are being applied to interactions.
- it is being used as a tool in both social and hard sciences.
- social networking is becoming a science in itself.
- computers are being used to measure and monitor networks.
4. The lecturer gives an example of a hairdresser and a laboratory to represent…
- two clusters that carry redundant information.
- two clusters separates by a structural hole.
- two entities within the same cluster.
- two organizations with the same amount of capital.
5. What does the lecturer infer about Chinese business organizations?
- they do not benefit from individuals with links to many networks.
- They consider people who exchange information with other organizations disloyal.
- They are not interested in the study of social network analysis.
- they are successful because their employees have greater social capital.
6. According to the professor, when can we say there is a structural hole in a sociogram?
- when there is a link between two clusters with redundant information.
- when there is no link between two clusters with non-redundant information.
- when there is no link between two clusters with redundant information.
- when there is a link between two clusters with non-redundant information.