Arsenio’s ESL Podcast: Special – TOEFL Idioms Part V

Welcome back, everyone! I’m bringing to you today another special — TOEFL IDIOMS! I haven’t done this in some time, but here’s the next round!

Cut
corners
To do
something badly or to savesome time
The architect cut corners on the bridge’s construction, which is why it eventually collapsed.
Cut
someone
some
slack
To go easy on
someone.
I heard Rachel’s dad is sick, so we should
cut her some slack on this group project.
Feeling
blue
Feeling sad or depressed. Erika’s been feeling blue every since her
boyfriend broke up with her.
Finding needle in ahaystack Virtually
impossible to
find.
These days, finding a job that doesn’t
require experience is like trying to find aneedle in a haystack.
Get some
shut eye
Sleep. I have a big exam tomorrow, so I need toget some shut eye.
Go the
extra
mile
Put in extra
effort.
Kelsey has the highest grades in our class since she always goes the extra mile with homework assignments.
Hang in
there
Be patient. I know it’s hard waiting for the exam
results, but you just need to hang in
there.
Hard up Lack money. Ellie knew I was hard up, so she paid for
my coffee.

 

 

Arsenio’s ESL Podcast: Season 3 – Episode 54 – Presentation Skill – Managing Questions

That’s right! I hope you guys are excited about this new installment. Since I’ve given so many presentations, and having a massive interview come up, I want to start delivering different things and implementing a little personal development into these lessons that will help you. Learning how to manage questions makes ALL the difference in the world. So without further ado, let’s get into this!

When you’re giving any kind of presentation or talk, you may want to leave some time for questions at the end. If you’re constantly interrupted, it will disrupt your flow-state, presentation, and ultimately irritate you. So, here are some different ways of dealing with that.

Stating you will take questions.

Telling your audience, at the beginning, when you will take questions is important.

Please hold all questions until the end.

I’ll be happy to answer any questions later.

Taking questions.

This is the part when you tell the audience that questions are now to be taken.

I’d be happy now to take a few questions.

Let’s open it up and see if you have any questions.

You don’t have to answer every question. If you answered it already, refer quickly to what you said. If you can’t answer a question, it’s best to be honest about it and say so.

 

Referring back to a previous point.

I believe I answered that question previously.

I think I’ve already answer that.

Like I said before,……..

Stating you don’t know the answer.

I’m afraid I don’t know.

I’m sorry, but I don’t have the answer to that.

Arsenio’s ESL Podcast: Season 3 – Episode 53 – Vocabulary Skills – Suffixes -ful & -less

Welcome back to another ESL podcast! I’m back with some more vocabulary today, and of course, your favorite type of skill….

SUFFIXES!

Two common suffixes you can add to words to make adjectives are -ful and -less. The suffix -ful means “full of” (fearful = full of fear, cheerful = full of cheer) and -less means “without” (fearless = without fear). For some words, either suffix can be added. For others, you can use on suffix but not the other.

-ful -ful and -less -less
successful painful/painless priceless
beautiful hopeful/hopeless sleepless
stressful thoughtful/thoughtless jobless
  useful/useless homeless

Task

Look at these word roots. which can take -ful and which can take -less? Which can take either? Make a diagram like the one above.

Words: harm, truth, power, point, beauty, care, help, worth

-ful -ful and less -less

2. Match the root word and correct suffix -ful or -less to complete these sentences.

Words: stress, home, fear, harm, wonder, point, success, power

  1. It’s _____________ to have come here. I’m so glad you invited me to come to this speaking engagement.
  2. A phobia is more than merely being _______________of something, like heights.
  3. You probably fear failure because it may be ____________ to your image.
  4. You feel ____________ when you’re in situations that you cannot control.
  5. Traveling can be very _____________ for a lot of us.
  6. After a lot of hard work, he was ___________in finally establishing himself as the CEO of the company.
  7. Her friends tried to reason with her, but it was _____________. She wouldn’t listen.
  8. In America, 1 million government workers are fearful that they may become _______________.

Arsenio’s ESL Podcast: Additional Relative Clauses Exercise

Hello, everyone! As promised, here’s the second installment of the podcast/blog I did WAYYYY earlier today. I wanted to go more in-depth with clauses because I know a few of you may have not understood.

Extreme ironing is an unusual sport which was invented in 1997 by an Englishman whose name is Phil Shaw. He had to do ironing at home, but he preferred to go rock climbing. So he decided to combine the two things. Of course, ironing and climbing are two activities that don’t have a lot in common. but now people do it all over the world. When Phil was in New Zealand, he started an organization called Extreme Ironing International. Diving, skiing, skating, and parachuting are some of the other sports which people have combined with ironing. Underwater, in the air and on top of the mountains are just some of the strange places where people have done this sport. Ben Gibbons and John Roberts are two Englishmen whose adventure with extreme ironing became a short film, Extreme Ironing to Mount Everest.

Gateway

Second Task

Use the following relative pronouns to complete the sentences: who, which, whose, when, where, that

  1. The winner of the 100m dash in the olympics is the person ________ finishes first.
  2. A referee is the person ___________ job is the control the game.
  3. 2016 is the year ___________ Euro was played.
  4. A Tatami is the place __________ you do Judo.

IELTS Reading: Locating and Matching Information Questions

Welcome back to another episode of my IELTS, everyone! So, I was going to make a blog, but it wouldn’t have made sense to put discombobulated graph on here so you guys can read through a lot of nonsense and get even more confused. Instead, I have the link above for you guys to download and the YouTube video right down below for your viewing. I would suggest printing the above link and having it ready for the video to get the maximum usage of this lesson. If you have any questions, please don’t hesitate to ask!

YouTube

Arsenio’s ESL Podcast: Season 3 – Episode 52 – Grammar – Defining Relative Clauses

Defining relative clauses are finally here! These types of sentence variations are my absolute favorite, so I wanted to take some time uploading it to ensure you understand fully.

Read the sentences. The words in bold are relative pronouns. Use them to complete the rules 1-5.

A. He’s the player who has the world record for scoring the most goals.

B. He needed the lucky shirt which he had given away.

C. There are players whose egos have stopped them from winning a championship.

D. 2002 was the year when South Korea and Japan hosted the World Cup.

E. That wasn’t the only superstition (that) my parents had.

F. Arsenio is the teacher that is better known as AJ.

G. That’s the place where we had our first date.

 

  1. We use who and that with people.
  2. We use which and that with things.
  3. We use whose to talk about possessions.
  4. We use where with places.
  5. We use when with times.

Choose the correct alternative. If you think both are correct, choose both.

  1. American Football is a game which/- many people play.
  2. A stadium is a place that/where you can watch sports like rugby and baseball.
  3. The people who/- do sports are called athletes.
  4. She is the person who/- walked across the street.
  5. January is the month when/which pollution is very high in Bangkok.
  6. A Quarterback is a person who/that throws the football.
  7. Brazil is a country where/which beaches are very popular.

Arsenio’s ESL Podcast: Special – TOEIC Listening – Part II

Welcome back, everyone! Just to let you know, this is more of a cheatsheet. This is the conversations and responses in written form, something you wouldn’t see on the actual test. Now, before scrolling down, make sure you tune into the podcast (which was done live last Saturday) so you can at least practice before reading the transcription of the audio.

Full Text

Spoiler: if you read the questions and answers down below, you will obviously know which is the answer. However in the listening portion of the TOEIC examination, you won’t have writing to look at — it’s all ears.

1)      Where the last train get in?

         A. Platform 6

         B. Is getting late.

         C. Around midnight.

2)      What you are doing for your vacation?

         A. Taking you with us.

         B. I’ll probably go to Miami again.

         C. No, I don’t know I’ll do it.

3)      Are you working tomorrow?

         A. No, I’m the boss.

         B. Yes, not until 10.30am.

         C. I saw that too.

4)      How do you do your exams?

         A. I don’t think so.

         B. Everyone did.

         C. Very well, thanks.

5)      Where are you going for lunch?

         A. With Sally.

         B. I haven’t decided yet.

         C. In a matter of an hour.

6)      Why does Erwin looks so tired?

         A. No, he wasn’t there.

         B. Yes, I’ve been really tired.

         C. He’s been working overtime.

7)      Are they any messages for me?

         A. Yes, just one.

         B. I like one too.

         C. It was very relaxing.

8)      Why you leave your job?

         A. Yes, he works hard.

         B. I wanted more responsibility.

         C. At the end of April.

9)      Do you know where the meeting will be?

         A. Yes, it is in Jane’s office.

         B. I know him quite well.

         C. No, this afternoon.

10)    What kind of food did they serve?

         A. I prefer lunch.

         B. I heard all about.

         C. Very good Italian food.

11)    Have you met the new manager?

         A. Yes, she seems very nice.

         B. Yes, I agreed.

         C. It’s completely flaw.

12)    How much are the repair is going to cost us?

         A. A week at least.

         B. A lot more they said at first.

         C. I hope so.

Arsenio’s ESL Podcast: Season 3 – Episode 51 – Pronunciation/Speaking Skills – Content Words

“Content” words carry the most meaning in a sentence so receive more stress. They include questions words, nouns, most verbs, adjectives, adverbs, and negative auxiliary verbs (don’t, won’t, hasn’t, etc).

“Function” words give a sentence its grammatically correct form. They carry little meaning so are unstressed. They include articles, pronouns, prepositions, conjunctions, the verb be, and affirmative auxiliary verbs (do, can, did, etc).

Listen to the audio in the podcast down below to understand what words are stressed.

  1. Doctors can help people with phobias.
  2. Alice saw the little snake and screamed loudly.
  3. I am helping my friend with his fear of water.
  4. I didn’t know you were afraid of flying.
  5. Phobias are powerful but very treatable.

Arsenio’s ESL Podcast: Season 3 – Episode 50 – Developing Vocabulary – Phrasal Verbs Connected with Sports

We’re back with some more phrasal verbs! Because these particular blogs and podcasts are very popular, I love to debut them weekly. Here we go!

  1. She took up a new sport because she was bored during the winter.
  2. You should always warm up before going for a run so that you can reduce the chances of cramping.
  3. The Baltimore Ravens knocked Pittsburgh Steelers out of the playoffs in Week 17, so the Steelers won’t be participating in the postseason.
  4. Hey! Are you from around here? Want to join in?
  5. I gave in while playing Danny in ping-pong during college; it was impossible to beat him!
  6. They really want to win so they’re going to go for the two-point conversion.
  7. She’s really fit because she works out at the gym everyday.

Definitions

  1. Prepare for a sport or another activity by doing gentle exercises.
  2. Stop competing and accept you can’t win.
  3. Try very hard to win or get something.
  4. Start participating in an activity with other people who are already doing it.
  5. Start a sport or hobby.
  6. Do physical exercise.
  7. Eliminate somebody from a competition by beating them/make somebody unconscious.

Complete the sentences with the correct form of the phrasal verbs.

  1. I’m going to _______________ badminton. Tomorrow I’m going to buy a racket.
  2. Yesterday we played in the Final Four. We aren’t in the final because the other team _____________ us ______________.
  3. Why don’t you __________?
  4. She’s got the right conviction to become a champion. When she’s losing, she never ________________.
  5. It’ll be a hard race but she’s going to ______________ the championship.
  6. He pulled his hamstring because he didn’t _________________ before running.
  7. They’re really strong. They _________________in the gym, doing weightlifting.

Arsenio’s ESL Podcast: Season 3 – Episode 48 – Grammar – Have something done

Welcome back to another ESL podcast, people! I’m bringing you something even more interested since we’re getting into the more difficult stages.

Subject + have or get + object + past participle (by + agent)

I get my eyes tested once a year. (present simple).

She is having her furnitured deliver to her hour. (present continuous)

He had his hair cut. (past simple)

We’ll get our photo taken. (will)

Rules

We use have something done to talk about actions which we don’t do ourselves, somebody or something does them for us. We often pay them to do this action. Get is slightly more informal.

We didn’t purchase this furniture ourselves. We had our parents invest in it, too.

Put the words in order to make questions.

  1. cut often you do get How hair your?
  2. yourself fix Can you the computer your?
  3. ever Have delivered your house to hamburgers had you?

Rewrite these sentences using have something done in the correct tense. If we know who did the action, include them with by.

  1. They’re moving house on Saturday.

We _________________________________________.

2. They’re going to service my sister’s car next week.

My sister ___________________________________.

3. Her parents pay for her internet bill.

She _________________________________________.