TOEFL iBT | Part 3 Question | Speaking | Vertical Migration + Note-taking

Welcome back to another TOEFL iBT Speaking segment. Today we’re going to be focusing on Part III, a difficult task for many non-NES speakers (because it’s difficult to follow) and in today’s podcast, we’re doing vertical migration. This was a difficult task for a recent student of mine because he was unable to follow the conversation. However, I’ll show you exactly how I had taken notes (video down below in the links if you want to see it).

Arsenio’s ESL Podcast | Season 5 Episode 178 | Writing Skill | Commenting On Sources

When you include a source in your work, you should always comment on it. You need to say how the source relates to the point you are trying to make. You can use a mixture of cautious and assertive language, but you should only use more assertive phrases when the quotation shows something clearly. For example:

  • Based on the evidence, it is clear that a switch to a vegetarian or even vegan diet would dramatically reduce the amount of water used.
  • It is also important to show the limitations of something:
  • However, in virtually every country, apart from India, the percentage of vegetarians equates to under 10% of the total population. This casts some doubt as to whether this solution could work as there would need to be huge cultural shifts in the attitude to diets.
could mean         it is certain       this clearly indicates      which implies
which may suggest        which means
CautiousAssertive
Table

Underline the comment in each extract. Then add the cautious and assertive language to the table above.

  1. There is increasing scientific evidence that the process of climate change is accelerating (Hedger, 2017). This is likely to result in a higher risk of flooding and droughts across different regions.
  2. According to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and the World Weather Attribution Group (2016), climate change has increased the chances of flooding in areas such as Louisiana by up to 50%. While arguably only a contributory factor, it is clear that it is a significant one.

Podcast

TOEFL iTP | Reading | The Peale Family

We’re back with I believe the first or second or its kind. In today’s podcast/video/blog, I’ll be dissecting an old reading passive from a PBT TOEFL book (exactly like TOEFL iTP). In this one I’m going to break down each question, little by little. So if you want to see my corrections, tune into the video down below!

The Peales were a distinguished family of American artists. Charles Wilson Peale is best remembered for his portraits of leading figures of the American Revolution. He painted portraits of Franklin and Jefferson, and over a dozen of George Washington. His life-size portrait of his sons Raphaelle and Titians was so realistic that Georgia Washington reportedly tipped his hat to the figures in the picture.

Charles Wilson Peale gave up painting in his middle age and devoted his life to the Peale Museum, which he founded in Philadelphia. The world’s first popular museum of art and natural science featured paintings by Peal and his family as well as displays of animals in their natural settings. Peale found the animals himself and devised a method of taxidermy to make the exhibits more lifelike. The museum’s most popular display was the skeleton of a mastodon — a huge, extinct elephant — which Peale unearthed on a New York farm in 1801

Three of Peale’s seventeen children were also famous artists. Raphaelle Peal often painted still lifes of flowers, fruit, and cheese. His works show the same luminosity and attention to detail that the works of the Dutch masters show. In the late eighteenth century, however, portraiture was the rage, and so Raphaelle Peale found few buyers for his still lifes at the same time. His brother Rembrandt studied under his father and painted portraits fo many noted people, including one of George Washington. Another brother, Rubens Peale, painted mostly landscapes and portraits.

James Peale, the brother of Charles Wilson Peale, specialized in miniatures. His daughter Sara Miriam Peale was probably the first professional female portrait painter in America.

Complete TOEFL
  1. What is the main topic of the passage?

a. The life of Charles Wilson Peale

b. Portraiture in the 18th century

c. The Peale Museum

d. A family of artists

2. The author probably mentions that Washington “tipped his hat to the figures in the painting” to indicate that…

a. Charles Wilson Peale’s painting was very lifelike

b. Washington respected Charles Wilson Peale’s work

c. Washington was friendly with Raphaelle and Titian Peale

d. The painting of the two brothers was extremely large

3. The word “settings” is closest in meaning to which of the following?

a. Environments

b. Categories

c. Positions

D. Requirements

4. For which of the following terms does the author give a definition in the second paragraph?

a. Natural science

b. Skeleton

C. Taxidermy

D. Mastodon

5. Which of the following questions about th ePeale Museum does the passage NOT supply enough information to answer?

a. Who found and prepared its animal exhibits?

b. In what city it was located?

c. Where did the most popular exhibit come from?

d. In what year was it founded?

6. The word “unearthed” has the closest meaning to….

a. displayed

b. dug up

c. located

d. looked over

7. Which of the following words could best be substituted for the word “rage”…

a. Fashion

b. Anger

c. Conflict

d. Desire

8. According to the passage, Rembrandt Peale and his father both painted…

a. miniatures

b. portraits of George Washington

c. paintings of flowers, fruit, and chese

d. pictures of animals

9. Which of the following is NOT one of the children of Charles Wilson Peale?

a. Titian Peale

b. Rubens Peale

c. Raphaelle Peale

d. Sarah Miriam Peale

10. The author’s attitude toward the Peales is generally..

a. envious

b. puzzled

c. admiring

d. disappointed

TOEFL iBT | Writing | Independent Essay | Employing Structure & Why It’s Better Than a Template

Welcome back to another TOEFL iBT writing segment! Today I’ll be talking about why structure should be employed more than using templates.  Also, I want you to see how I elevated one of my online clients by employing that structure: the before, write up example, and then the after.  There’s a massively noticeable difference in her work….so check it out!

Podcast

TOEFL ITP | LISTENING PART B | Haircut

We’re back! So, because I’ve realized some of the TOEFL iTP segments have hit 500 plays (and big shout out to the country of Mexico because you make the majority of plays), I decided to go the coaching route (without the student) and help you out with one of these. Again, if you’re tuning into this on IG or Facebook, make sure you go to my website (thearseniobuckshow.com) to check out my notes, questions and answers to the podcast/video. With that being said, let’s dive into this one!

TOEFL iBT | Reading | 1 on 1 Coaching | Guide to Answering Questions

In this podcast, I discuss with a student from Afghanistan HOW to answer questions. The majority of students out there in the world are unsure how to answer — if they should take two sides or how long they should spend on the reading versus the material they listen to. Regardless of what task it is, here’s a 1 on 1 coaching with me explaining the details in the podcast down below.

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Arsenio’s ESL Podcast | Season 5 Episode 104 | Critical Thinking| Generation Spending Habits by Household

Generation spending habits. Boy, these are some shocking details. You know, Gen X and Gen B loves to “s***” on the millennials, but if we actually break down the figures, Gen X are the biggest spenders is 4 of the 6 major categories. Funny. Who would’ve ever thought?! Not to mention they’re the ones who tell the subsequent generations to “go to university to get in debt” and “buy a house that’s a liability.” Can we start thinking for ourselves? Let’s do this.

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TOEFL iTP | Idioms & Expressions | Mini-lesson #1

I’ve done lots of TOEFL idioms podcast (probably going up to about number 8), but i felt like they weren’t as effective. Yes, the podcast plays show that they were fire, but I’m going through a more systematic approach now. In this podcast, I’m going to give you stories about the following idioms/expressions, then there will be an exercise for you down below to fill them in.

If you want the answers, make sure you comment below or reach out to me on my IG or Facebook!

  • spick and span – extremely clean, spotless
  • stack up against – compare with
  • stamp out – eliminate/wipe out
  • stand for – tolerate; put up with // symbolize: represent
  • stand out – be noticeable
  • stay out – not come home
  • stay out (or up) to all houses – come home *or go to bed* very late
  • stay up – not go to bed
  • stick with – not change; stay with
  • stock up on – get a large supply of something
  • a stone’s throw from – not far away from; close to
  • stop by – visit informally; go to see
  • straighten up clean up; make tidy
  • stuck with – have something one cannot get rid of
  • take a break – stop working for a short time
  • take a lot of nerve – require a lot of courage
  • take a lot out of (someone) – be hard on someone; drain energy from someone
  • take advantage of – utilize; make use of; exploit
  • take after – resemble; look like (especially an older relative)
  • take apart – disassemble
  • take it easy – relax, calm down

Now, fill in the blanks in the sentences with the idioms/expressions from above! You might have to change the verb forms based on the sentences.

  1. Vaccines have permitted doctors to virtually _________ _________ a number of diseases, including smallpox and polio.
  2. “How late do you usually _______ _______?” — “I’m normally in bed by eleven on weekdays.”
  3. “How late do you usually _______ _______ on weekends? ” — I sometimes don’t come home until 2 or 3 in the morning.
  4. “Do you ______ ______ your mother or father?” — “I don’t think I look much like either of them.”
  5. Early had no trouble _________ _________ the engine on the lawn mower, but then he couldn’t put it back together.
  6. You look a little tired. Why don’t you _________ _________ ________ and finish your homework later?
  7. The teacher won’t ________ ________ cheating. When she caught one student cheating on the mid-term exam, she gave him a zero on that test.
  8. “I tried and tried to find a buyer for this old car.” — “Looks like you’re _______ _______ it for now.”
  9. “My brother is going to invest all his savings in a new business venture.” — “That _______ _______ _______ _______ _______. I’d be afraid to take a risk like that.”
  10. “I give up. I can’t solve this chemistry problem.” — “________ _______it. Eventually, you’ll figure it out.”
  11. We have to leave the apartment ________ _______ ________. The landlord said that if it wasn’t clean when we moved out, we’d lose part of our security deposit.
  12. Don was wearing jeans and a T-shirt while all the other guests had on formal dinner wear. He really _________ _________.
  13. “I’m nervous about my interview.” — ” _______ ______ _______. You’ll make a better impression if you’re relaxed.”
  14. The fifty stars on the American flag __________ __________ the fifty states.
  15. “Do you ________ ________ your apartment before guests __________ _________?” — “A little bit. I don’t mind if it’s a little messy, but i don’t want it to look like a disaster area.”
  16. “My new roommate is from Italy.” — “You should ________ ________ ________ this opportunity to learn some Italian.”
  17. “I just heard on the news that the Florida orange crop was damaged by the hurricane last week, and that orange juice prices are going to go way up.” — “If we had a big freezer, we could ________ _______ _______ frozen orange juice n ow and we wouldn’t have to pay those prices.”
  18. “Do you live near Cecilia?” — “Oh, sure. My apartment building is just __________ ________ ________ ________ hers.”
  19. ” So you ran in that ten-kilometer race?” — “Yes, but it ________ ________ ________ _______ ________ me. I can hardly move.”
  20. “Time, you’ve eaten at both these restaurants — how does Chez Michelle _______ _______ _______ the Oak Room? — ” Oh, they’re both good. I think the Oak Room has slightly better food, but the service is better at Chez Michelle.”

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Arsenio’s ESL Podcast | Season 5 Episode 94 | Reading | Suburbs of The Future

Here we are with a long reading (listening) that’s going to help you in a number of ways. The most important aspect of this podcast is understanding and identifying similarities and differences between multiple viewpoints. This can help you form a broader understanding of the topic being discussed.

Despite the lure of bright city lights, it is the suburbs which account for the highest percentage of population growth. We asked four leading futurists to give their opinions on the changing face of suburbia.

Sarah Kalensky, regular contributor to The Forecaster

As suburban populations grow, so too does suburban sprawl, leading to more and more people commuting into the city for work, shopping, and entertainment. However, the future looks different. Sprawl is making way for density as an approach to suburbanization. Developments aim to provide housing, offices, shops, and other facilities in one area so that residents are no longer required to use their own vehicles to get around and commuting hours are reduced. As a result, the cost of maintaining infrastructure, including roads, could fall by up to 50% per capita according to some.

New developments are likely to provide apartments and houses of varying sizes in the same area, which will allow single people, couples, and families all to reside there. However, properties will need to be affordable, a task which developers have struggled to accomplish in recent years. People on lower incomes have regularly been priced out of the market, making predictions in this area difficult. Even if housing is affordable at first, the longer-term impact may not be quite as desired. Once first-time buyers sell their property on, the price — determined by market forces — may be considerably higher than the original purchase price. The types of people who were originally able to live there are priced out of the market and the area becomes middle-class, with people from similar backgrounds and with similar incomes levels. Those on lower incomes or from different backgrounds are excluded. As well as price, construction companies must also consider the local geography before they commence with the construction of buildings, to ensure they are as ecologically sustainably as possible. Homes no longer need to rely on unsustainable energy to run — they can even be carbon-neutral, although this of course depends on sun and wind levels in the area. Companies must be aware that what works in one area may not necessarily be successful in another.

The rest in the podcast down below!

Skillful Level 4

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Arsenio’s ESL Podcast | Season 5 Episode 91 | Vocabulary Development | Phrasal Verb Academic Alternatives

We’re back with some vocabulary development today, and like most of you have requested, phrasal verbs with academic alternatives! You very rarely hear the academic words spoken unless it’s in a professional environment. We have a tendency, as English speakers, to use phrasal verbs (unless you’re in British Parliament — lol). Here we go!

accomplish      cite     curtail     dispose of     disregard     exhaust      proceeding      relocate

Replace the phrasal verbs below with their more formal equivalents in the box.

  1. Urban Sprawl occurs when people move away from its down area to the suburbs.
  2. A city with urban sprawl will use up more resources on infrastructure.
  3. The need to cut down pollution is apparent in some suburban neighborhoods.
  4. To pull off a reduction in pollution, road use must be lowered.
  5. It’s impossible to write off the lack of employment opportunity in th suburbs.
  6. Proponents of sprawl may refer to a greater sense of community as an advantage.
  7. In cities with decreased populations, planners should get rid of abandoned facilities.
  8. City planners should plan urban expansion carefully before going ahead with it.

Complete the text with the formal verbs above.

People who live in a city have wonderful facilities on their doorstep, but stress associated with the cost of living, crowds, and noise can be problematic. This kind of stress can be _____________ if the decision is taken to ___________ from the city to the suburbs. Larger homes, fewer people, nature, tranquility, and a sense of community are all _____________ as the advantages of suburban life. However, before __________ with the move, it is important not to ____________ potential issues. There will be longer commutes which may _____________ funds more quickly, as well as reduce the number of tasks you can ____________each day. In addition, environmentally conscious people may be concerned about their increased effect on the environment, as more resources are required to provide them with electricity, gas, and water, as well as ____________ their trash.

Skillful Book 4
  1. What do you think are the benefits of and issues with both city life and suburban living in your country?
  2. Would you argue that it is better for people to live in cities or suburbs? Consider issues related to homes, lifestyle, facilities, transportation, and the environment.

Podcast