TOEFL ITP | LISTENING PART B | Haircut

We’re back! So, because I’ve realized some of the TOEFL iTP segments have hit 500 plays (and big shout out to the country of Mexico because you make the majority of plays), I decided to go the coaching route (without the student) and help you out with one of these. Again, if you’re tuning into this on IG or Facebook, make sure you go to my website (thearseniobuckshow.com) to check out my notes, questions and answers to the podcast/video. With that being said, let’s dive into this one!

ARSENIO’S ESL PODCAST | SEASON 5 EPISODE 114 | Critical Thinking | Identifying Loaded questions

Loaded questions contain assumptions that trap the respondent. The answer given will fit the interviewer’s agenda, but may not reflect the truth. You can see this just about anywhere in the world on any news channel PERIOD.

Have you stopped spending too much money?

Possible answers: Yes, (I used to spend too much). / No. (I still spend too much.)

The interviewer’s agenda is forcing the respondent to admit to spending too much money at some point. To escape the trap, the respondent needs to step outside the restricted range of answers to deny the underlying assumption.

I have never spent too much money.

Other examples of problem questions include:

Leading: What were you doing at 3pm on the day of the crime?

Suggestive: Don’t you think people should work harder?

Review some of the questions from the interviews in Market research. Identify the loaded quesitons.

  1. Why did you choose to come shopping here today?
  2. Would you be more or less likely to buy this brand if you knew it was suspected of being linked to obesity?
  3. Did you buy anything unplanned?
  4. What choices did you make in terms of actual stores, and what were the determining factors in those choices?
  5. Would it affect the amount of this cereal you ate if no studies had been done on its nutritional value?
  6. If a new product was cheaper than this brand, would you change to th enew brand?

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Pronunciation Course Phase 1 is available for free!

So excited to be debuting this as a free course now!

After having a discussion with one of my friends/coach, she said: “Ummm, I wouldn’t buy your course if it was only 2 hours long, let alone 57 minutes!”

I was struck. I was like, “I dedicated so much time to that! I should get paid!”

Broken mindset. In order to build the reputation, you must deliver — FOR FREE. Not only that, but delivering SIGNIFICANT value. And when I did, I had gotten an amazing review from a student, followed by a 50% off coupon which I sent to him following the review. Jab, jab, jab, right hook.

That is now available for viewing and you could sign up for free in the link down below!

Pronunciation Course

Arsenio’s ESL Podcast | Season 5 Episode 104 | Critical Thinking| Generation Spending Habits by Household

Generation spending habits. Boy, these are some shocking details. You know, Gen X and Gen B loves to “s***” on the millennials, but if we actually break down the figures, Gen X are the biggest spenders is 4 of the 6 major categories. Funny. Who would’ve ever thought?! Not to mention they’re the ones who tell the subsequent generations to “go to university to get in debt” and “buy a house that’s a liability.” Can we start thinking for ourselves? Let’s do this.

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TOEFL iTP | Idioms & Expressions | Mini-lesson #1

I’ve done lots of TOEFL idioms podcast (probably going up to about number 8), but i felt like they weren’t as effective. Yes, the podcast plays show that they were fire, but I’m going through a more systematic approach now. In this podcast, I’m going to give you stories about the following idioms/expressions, then there will be an exercise for you down below to fill them in.

If you want the answers, make sure you comment below or reach out to me on my IG or Facebook!

  • spick and span – extremely clean, spotless
  • stack up against – compare with
  • stamp out – eliminate/wipe out
  • stand for – tolerate; put up with // symbolize: represent
  • stand out – be noticeable
  • stay out – not come home
  • stay out (or up) to all houses – come home *or go to bed* very late
  • stay up – not go to bed
  • stick with – not change; stay with
  • stock up on – get a large supply of something
  • a stone’s throw from – not far away from; close to
  • stop by – visit informally; go to see
  • straighten up clean up; make tidy
  • stuck with – have something one cannot get rid of
  • take a break – stop working for a short time
  • take a lot of nerve – require a lot of courage
  • take a lot out of (someone) – be hard on someone; drain energy from someone
  • take advantage of – utilize; make use of; exploit
  • take after – resemble; look like (especially an older relative)
  • take apart – disassemble
  • take it easy – relax, calm down

Now, fill in the blanks in the sentences with the idioms/expressions from above! You might have to change the verb forms based on the sentences.

  1. Vaccines have permitted doctors to virtually _________ _________ a number of diseases, including smallpox and polio.
  2. “How late do you usually _______ _______?” — “I’m normally in bed by eleven on weekdays.”
  3. “How late do you usually _______ _______ on weekends? ” — I sometimes don’t come home until 2 or 3 in the morning.
  4. “Do you ______ ______ your mother or father?” — “I don’t think I look much like either of them.”
  5. Early had no trouble _________ _________ the engine on the lawn mower, but then he couldn’t put it back together.
  6. You look a little tired. Why don’t you _________ _________ ________ and finish your homework later?
  7. The teacher won’t ________ ________ cheating. When she caught one student cheating on the mid-term exam, she gave him a zero on that test.
  8. “I tried and tried to find a buyer for this old car.” — “Looks like you’re _______ _______ it for now.”
  9. “My brother is going to invest all his savings in a new business venture.” — “That _______ _______ _______ _______ _______. I’d be afraid to take a risk like that.”
  10. “I give up. I can’t solve this chemistry problem.” — “________ _______it. Eventually, you’ll figure it out.”
  11. We have to leave the apartment ________ _______ ________. The landlord said that if it wasn’t clean when we moved out, we’d lose part of our security deposit.
  12. Don was wearing jeans and a T-shirt while all the other guests had on formal dinner wear. He really _________ _________.
  13. “I’m nervous about my interview.” — ” _______ ______ _______. You’ll make a better impression if you’re relaxed.”
  14. The fifty stars on the American flag __________ __________ the fifty states.
  15. “Do you ________ ________ your apartment before guests __________ _________?” — “A little bit. I don’t mind if it’s a little messy, but i don’t want it to look like a disaster area.”
  16. “My new roommate is from Italy.” — “You should ________ ________ ________ this opportunity to learn some Italian.”
  17. “I just heard on the news that the Florida orange crop was damaged by the hurricane last week, and that orange juice prices are going to go way up.” — “If we had a big freezer, we could ________ _______ _______ frozen orange juice n ow and we wouldn’t have to pay those prices.”
  18. “Do you live near Cecilia?” — “Oh, sure. My apartment building is just __________ ________ ________ ________ hers.”
  19. ” So you ran in that ten-kilometer race?” — “Yes, but it ________ ________ ________ _______ ________ me. I can hardly move.”
  20. “Time, you’ve eaten at both these restaurants — how does Chez Michelle _______ _______ _______ the Oak Room? — ” Oh, they’re both good. I think the Oak Room has slightly better food, but the service is better at Chez Michelle.”

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Arsenio’s ESL Podcast | Season 5 Episode 98 | Vocabulary Development | Words for Relationships

Words for relationships! Vocabulary development is back, as usual, and today I’m going over different verbs and verb phrases so that you can implement them in your writing.

  1. We need to take care of the situation so it doesn’t deteriorate any further.
  2. Invaders tend to either destroy or displace the inhabitants of the location.
  3. Introducing new elements disrupts the natural process of development.
  4. If we eliminate an animal’s only predator, there’s nothing to stop the population increasing.
  5. It’s often not clear at first which invasive species will emerge as the dominant ones.
  6. In a natural evolution process, predators and animals that they hunt exist side by side.
  7. With the growth of the travel industry, accidental invasive species are on the increase.
  8. Many invasive species present a danger to the natural inhabitants of the location.
  • to interrupt something and prevent it from continuing by creating a problem
  • to be real, or to appear in the real world
  • to become worse
  • to be a threat to something
  • to take the place of someone or something
  • to be happening more often
  • to get rid of something that is not wanted or needed
  • to appear or become recognized
  1. What have you eliminated from your life recently?
  2. What could present a danger to your future ambitions?
  3. What has been on the increase in the news in the last few months?
  4. What has deteriorated in your country in the last few years?
  5. Who has emerged as an important figure in your country this year?
  6. What kinds of things can disrupt our day-to-day

Podcast

Arsenio’s ESL Podcast | Season 5 Episode 96 | Speaking Model | Forming Inversions & Debates

Welcome back to another speaking model! Today I’m going to briefly go over the grammatical side of inversions, and then I’m going to go into the speaking model and have some questions at the bottom for you.

So, when we talk about inversions, we can create emphasis out of them. This technique places the verb before the subject to make the sentence sound more formal and also more noticeable. Compare the two sentences:

Had the originated there, this situation would not occur.

If they had originated there, this situation would not occur.

Inversion is used:

  • After frequency adverbs seldom, rarely, never // Never before has a cultural change of this size happened so quickly.
  • After certain phrases with no. /// Nowhere that it arrives does it improve life for the local people.
  • After certain phrases with only. /// Only after humans started moving around the planet did this problem begin.

Now, you are going to learn about forming inversions, using rhythm in rhetorical devices, drafting persuasive statements, and ordering arguments. Tune into the podcast down below for the opening statement and questions!

Podcast

Arsenio’s ESL Podcast | Season 5 Episode 95 | Critical Thinking | Evaluating Conclusions

Once you’ve identified the conclusion of a formal argument, it’s important to evaluate its logic. One way to do this is to look for flaws in the way it is presented. Common logical fallacies assocaited with conslusions are:

  • Irrelevant conclusions — where the conclusion given is thematically related to the topic, but does not logically follow the evidence.
  • Begging the question — using the conclusion as evidence without proving it (one expert suggested X so let us look at ways to implement this).
  • Hasty generalizations — jumping to conclusions through poor inductive reasoning (two people said X so it must be true).
  • False cause — identifying a non-existent cause/effect relationships; mistaking correlation for causation; or assuming that only one factor led to an effect.

Underline the conclusions in each argument.

  1. Incomes steadily increased for many years. These increases allowed people to afford longer commutes, either on public transportation or in private vehicles. Relocations to suburban areas increased as a result.
  2. Many experts believe that urban density is preferable to urban sprawl. Thus, there is a need to address the implementation of such an approach. From hereon in, this paper will examine how density as an approach can be exploited to its best effect.
  3. Urban sprawl has been shown to be harmful to the environment. Research shows that it increases traffic, creates more air and water pollution, and results in a loss of wildlife. For these reasons, agricultural capacity must be protected from the building of new developments.
  4. Urban sprawl is a never-ending cycle, hence the need to break it by considering alternative options. People move out of densely populated areas due to a loss of green spaces, traffic congestion, and overpopulation. As those people move into the suburbs, research shows those areas become more densely populated and people leave to move into quieter, newer suburbs.
  5. Taxes are generally higher in urban areas than in suburbs. A study of 30 people who moved to a suburban area showed that one benefit of moving was the reductions in taxes. This demonstrates a significant need to address the high taxes in cities in order to persuade residents to stay.

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Arsenio’s ESL Podcast | Season 5 Episode 94 | Reading | Suburbs of The Future

Here we are with a long reading (listening) that’s going to help you in a number of ways. The most important aspect of this podcast is understanding and identifying similarities and differences between multiple viewpoints. This can help you form a broader understanding of the topic being discussed.

Despite the lure of bright city lights, it is the suburbs which account for the highest percentage of population growth. We asked four leading futurists to give their opinions on the changing face of suburbia.

Sarah Kalensky, regular contributor to The Forecaster

As suburban populations grow, so too does suburban sprawl, leading to more and more people commuting into the city for work, shopping, and entertainment. However, the future looks different. Sprawl is making way for density as an approach to suburbanization. Developments aim to provide housing, offices, shops, and other facilities in one area so that residents are no longer required to use their own vehicles to get around and commuting hours are reduced. As a result, the cost of maintaining infrastructure, including roads, could fall by up to 50% per capita according to some.

New developments are likely to provide apartments and houses of varying sizes in the same area, which will allow single people, couples, and families all to reside there. However, properties will need to be affordable, a task which developers have struggled to accomplish in recent years. People on lower incomes have regularly been priced out of the market, making predictions in this area difficult. Even if housing is affordable at first, the longer-term impact may not be quite as desired. Once first-time buyers sell their property on, the price — determined by market forces — may be considerably higher than the original purchase price. The types of people who were originally able to live there are priced out of the market and the area becomes middle-class, with people from similar backgrounds and with similar incomes levels. Those on lower incomes or from different backgrounds are excluded. As well as price, construction companies must also consider the local geography before they commence with the construction of buildings, to ensure they are as ecologically sustainably as possible. Homes no longer need to rely on unsustainable energy to run — they can even be carbon-neutral, although this of course depends on sun and wind levels in the area. Companies must be aware that what works in one area may not necessarily be successful in another.

The rest in the podcast down below!

Skillful Level 4

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Arsenio’s ESL Podcast | Season 5 Episode 91 | Vocabulary Development | Phrasal Verb Academic Alternatives

We’re back with some vocabulary development today, and like most of you have requested, phrasal verbs with academic alternatives! You very rarely hear the academic words spoken unless it’s in a professional environment. We have a tendency, as English speakers, to use phrasal verbs (unless you’re in British Parliament — lol). Here we go!

accomplish      cite     curtail     dispose of     disregard     exhaust      proceeding      relocate

Replace the phrasal verbs below with their more formal equivalents in the box.

  1. Urban Sprawl occurs when people move away from its down area to the suburbs.
  2. A city with urban sprawl will use up more resources on infrastructure.
  3. The need to cut down pollution is apparent in some suburban neighborhoods.
  4. To pull off a reduction in pollution, road use must be lowered.
  5. It’s impossible to write off the lack of employment opportunity in th suburbs.
  6. Proponents of sprawl may refer to a greater sense of community as an advantage.
  7. In cities with decreased populations, planners should get rid of abandoned facilities.
  8. City planners should plan urban expansion carefully before going ahead with it.

Complete the text with the formal verbs above.

People who live in a city have wonderful facilities on their doorstep, but stress associated with the cost of living, crowds, and noise can be problematic. This kind of stress can be _____________ if the decision is taken to ___________ from the city to the suburbs. Larger homes, fewer people, nature, tranquility, and a sense of community are all _____________ as the advantages of suburban life. However, before __________ with the move, it is important not to ____________ potential issues. There will be longer commutes which may _____________ funds more quickly, as well as reduce the number of tasks you can ____________each day. In addition, environmentally conscious people may be concerned about their increased effect on the environment, as more resources are required to provide them with electricity, gas, and water, as well as ____________ their trash.

Skillful Book 4
  1. What do you think are the benefits of and issues with both city life and suburban living in your country?
  2. Would you argue that it is better for people to live in cities or suburbs? Consider issues related to homes, lifestyle, facilities, transportation, and the environment.

Podcast