We’re here with the follow-up today from yesterday’s podcast, so I want you guys to listen very closely. At the end of the podcast, I detailed how rambling can run up the time and force you to leave out key information towards the end. This is a great one for a lot of IELTS takers out there!
We’re back after a half-a-year with a Patreon Special! I’m going to start promoting my Patreon heavily so that I have a more exclusive podcasting group that I can communicate routinely with, do Q & A’s, live videos, and more! If you have any questions about my Patreon, feel free to link up with me on social media!
If you have been a long-time follower who has read my blog posts and viewed my podcasts, this Patreon Silver Badge would be a great way to donate to my work, as well as get exclusive content (for ESLers only).
Personal Development Patreon could come in the near future, but I want to focus jus ton the Bronze and Silver Badges as of today.
Here are some of the things you get with the Silver Badge.
This is the second badge of the three, and it will feature the same things from the Bronze badge +
– Personalize lessons that cater to Patrons
– Academic Writing (once a week)
– Audios for each lesson
– Additional audiocasts on a weekly basis
– Speaking Task
– A video a week.
Here’s an excerpt of what will be discussed in this episode.
Regardless of how famous they are, and despite the star treatment the receive, many celebrities make it a point to give back to charities. Every year, musicians, actors, authors and top athletes share a proportion of their fortunate to help those in need, amount to millions in total. Some have even set up their own private foundations.
Absolutely grateful for bringing on my first ever podcastee from Yemen! This ambitious student is now living in Jordan and will soon do his PhD in Europe. In today’s podcast, I’ve gone over the most frequently asked questions and provided feedback at the end of the session. So, if you want to hear some critiquing in regards to speaking, here it is!
Participle clauses are used to make academic writing more succinct. The present participle (-ing) has an active meaning. The past participle (-ed) has a passive meaning. In this podcast, we’ll be discussing examples and I’ll have some exercises for you available on my website!
- We use participle clauses to express cause, effect, and condition. Introduced effectively, change can be positive. (= if it is introduced)
- We can use participle clauses with on, while, after, and before to describe time. On/While facing reduced sales, the company implemented change. (= When they were facing)
- We use the present particle (having + -ed verb) to say that an action finished before another action. Having found his feet, he accepted the change. (= because he had found his feet).
Rewrite the sentences using a participle clause. Use the prompts to help you.
- Because they wanted to create a change strategy, senior managers brought in a consultant.
2. When they were reading the consultant’s report, they realize they needed to organize a meeting.
3. The meeting took place in the boardroom and was attended by all management.
4. When they heard about the report, the managers had a lot of question.
5. Employees were known to dislike change and so managers thought they may reject the proposals.
Rewrite the sentences, replacing the underlined section with a participle clause.
- As some staff members heard about the changes, they became angry.
- Some staff members resigned because they did not welcome change.
- After they outlined the need for change, managers received positive feedback from the staff.
- All staff received training and successfully coped with the changes.
- If they are implemented appropriately, change strategies can succeed.
Although most academic writing strives for balance and “impartiality,” some authors may criticize an idea or argument that they are discussing without specifically saying they dislike it. Be aware of your own and / or an author’s personal opinions on a topic, which may not be objective. For example, in the excerpt below (or in the podcast), the underlined words suggest the author is critical of businesses that do not try to keep up with a changing market.
The need for change is obvious and yet businesses around the world fail to actively work toward change, unnecessarily suffering the consequences as a result.
Read the following excerpt from Leadership and change management. Underline the sentence which shows criticism.
Like a climber reaching a mountain peak, leading businesses must not spend too long standing and admiring the view or they may find themselves swiftly overtaken by leaner and more adaptable mountaineers. Successful companies such as Apple, Google, and Amazon are all examples of industry leaders which understand that they still have a mountain to climb; while other companies have mistakenly spent far too long looking at the scenery, not appreciating that further heights were there to be scaled.
Because I’ve been teaching a lot of IELTS students, I decided to do some academic words vocabulary for you guys. Again, my storytelling is always the funnest, so make sure you tune into the podcast down below. If not, do the matching and the sentence completions.
- accumulation (n)
- compile (v)
a. the right or ability to make a judgement or decision
b. not easily changed
c. the process by which something increases in amount
d. to keep something within strict limits
e. to make sure that a law or rule is obeyed by people
f. felt or done in the same way by each of two or more people
g. continuing to do something in a determined way
h. to make something by bringing together information from different places
Complete each sentence with a word in bold from Exercise 1.
- The government should _____________ tighter controls on news channels.
- Broadcasting companies should ___________ content more to protect children.
- Definition of “news” are too ___________ in the era of social media.
- You need to be ________ if you want to bring about major changes at work.
- The ____________ of online information will lead to problems for us all in the future.
- To make big changes, you need to ___________ evidence to show these changes are needed
- ____________ is needed when posting online because what is private now could be public in the future.
- Changes in news delivery have been of _____________ benefit for those involved.
When preparing questions for a Q&A session, consider asking questions from different angles.
Find out details
Who…..? What……? Where….? When…? How…?
- Why do you think…..?
- Why should…..?
Ask for illustration of points made
- Can you give an example of that?
- What evidence is there for…..?
Explore time frames
- What do you see happening next year?
- What has been the biggest lesson learned so far?
- When did this trend begin?
Avoid loaded questions and question that may be perceived as hostile. Make sure you interactions actually includes a question the speaker can answer. When you ask a question, consider your tone of voice, body language, and facial expression to ensure effective, open communication.
Read and listen to the way the questions were asked from listening.
- Identify the potential problems with each one of the vocabulary terms in the box down below.
hostile loaded no question
- ……but anyway, what can we actually change? Do we have any concrete ideas?
- ….but isn’t the technology a little bit clumsy?
- …..if I may ask a question. Sorry, Rashid,…..what you’re saying is really worrying me. I don’t see how we can be giving presentations about our campaigns online! It just isn’t feasible, at all. I hear what you’re saying, but I can’t see how it will actually work in practice.
- I’m completely lost for words. How can we do our work on a tablet?
We’re back with academic phrases today! This is going to be real good for you guys in terms of phrase-building, academic texts, etc.
- Nominal phrases, e.g., a sense of urgency, a fast-moving market
- Verb phrases, e.g., drive through the changes, become apparent
- Adjective phrases, e.g., blatantly obvious, aware of the need for change.
- Adverbial phrases, e.g., behind the times, as a way of
Note that in some less formal content, phrases may have an idiomatic meaning, e.g., follow suit, go hand in hand, find your feet.
Complete each question with a phrase from Exercise 1. Change the form if necessary.
- Two-way communication can be _____________ when it comes to empowering staff.
- Flexibility and adaptability can give one company a ____________ over another.
- Adopting a change in strategy can be a long, _______________ for any company.
- When market changes occur, a company must swiftly agree on an appropriate _____________.
- It is imperative that staff ____________ be consulted prior to any drastic change in strategy.
- Transforming a company’s culture may come ____________ some staff who choose to resign.
- Any contentious issues with regards to a strategy will ____________ during staff meetings.
- Even just the notion of change can ____________ to feelings of panic among staff.
So, let’s talk about this fallacy. This occurs when people find something difficult to understand. In this situation, people say that the thing they cannot understand must be untrue or not the case, because they personally are unable to understand it. the basic idea is as follows:
- I cannot believe X or imagine how it could be true, therefore X must be false.
The fallacy can also work in the other direction.
- I cannot believe X is false, so it must be true.
Read the extracts from the discussion. What does each person believe or not believe? What reason does the person give?
- Why change something that’s working perfectly well for some system that’s too complicated to even understand. Am I alone in thinking that this is just change for change’s sake?
- You know as well as I do that clients want to meet face to face, to feel that someone actually cares about them! I don’t believe they’ll want to give that up. Online meetings just don’t work.
- When I’ve been in online meetings, there are always technical problems — I can see the client, but they can’t see me, that kind of thing. It just never works like it’s supposed to!
- That’s absolutely right, Rashid! How can we guarantee security if everything is going online? And i have all my files. I’ve spent the last two years improving my paper-based systems.
- I have my doubts. We read about security breaches at the highest government level almost every day….so, how are we going to protect ourselves? It will be impossible.
- How can we do our work on a tablet? They’re good for simple tasks and some fun — I know, my children use one at home — but they simply aren’t designed for sophisticated work!
We’ve got a life-changing podcast on different models of leadership and change management. We’ll be talking about Lewin’s Change Model and how the eight-step approach to change management is amazing and life-transforming.
Identifying concepts and theories: Some texts present concepts rather than arguments. A concept is a general idea about something that exists or an idea about how something should be done. An argument is supported by objective reasoning.
Lewin’s change model includes a three-step approach to change management known as Unfreeze, Change, Refreeze. (a concept)
People do not like change. in a 2013 survey, 76% of workers did not want their circumstances to change. Change should therefore be implemented carefully. (an argument)
Like a climber reaching a mountain peak, leading businesses must not spend too long standing and admiring the view or they may find themselves swiftly overtaken by leaner and more adaptable mountaineers. High-profile companies such as Apple, Google, and Amazon are all examples of industry leaders which understand that they still have a mountain to climb; while other companies have mistakenly spent far too long looking at the scenery, not appreciating that further heights were there to be scaled.
We are all aware that if a business wants to succeed, it has to create a culture of innovation in a fast-changing market. When one company innovates, others will quickly follow suit. without continued creativity, a business will become stagnant, lose its competitive edge, and very quickly find itself behind the times. the need for change is blatantly obvious and yet businesses around the world fail to actively work towards change, unnecessarily suffering the consequences. Company bosses making a commitment to change is the first, and easiest, step forward. However, planning and executing a change strategy can be an uphill struggle, with organizations often withdrawing strategies at the first sign of difficulty. Fortunately, there is a lot of support for businesses in the academic field of change management, with several business models to draw on.Skillful 4