IELTS | Writing task II | Opinion Essay | Hypothesizing

Welcome back to another IELTS Writing Task video, and today I’m going to be focusing, again, on opinion essays. Because I have a student on my Patreon who I’m coaching, I decided to do something that pertains to who’s on my membership. So, let’s go over different types of linking devices and an opinion essay that scored an overall 7.0 band.

Technique: use linking phrases like “if” and “unless” in your answers in order to hypothesize about effects.

Additional words: if, providing, provided, as long as and unless can all be used to hypothesize.

Example: A nation should nurture the talents of its people. It will then reap many benefits.

If a nation nurtures the talents of its people, it will reap many benefits.

a. Without being encouraged by parents and teachers, aspiring musicians will not develop.

Unless ______________________________________________.

b. Science may one day stop the aging process in humans, but will this benefit mankind?

If _________________________________________________.

c. If there is no effort made to keep traditional farming methods alive, they will disappear.

Unless ______________________________________________.

d. If innovation is encouraged, many new jobs will be created.

As long as ____________________________________________.

Complete the following sentences using your own ideas.

a. Provided parents have an interest in music, _______________.

b. If government support for arts projects is not available, ____________.

c. Unless entrance to museums and art galleries is free,_______________.

d. Providing young scientists are given the right opportunities,______________

Task: The money spent on space research has brought enormous benefits to mankind, but it could be more usefully applied. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

The question of whether money could be usefully applied to tackle the crisis around the world rather than spent in on space research is a very controversial issue and it is now a matter of considerable public concern. There are, therefore, people on both sides of the argument who have feelings either for or against.

Many people believe that money should be spent to solve food crisis in Africa and South Asia. Droughts, for example, left Africa with famine. Every 30 seconds an African child dies of hunger and about 45% of children in South Asia suffer from malnutrition. Similarly, the global issue is the conflict of AIDS in Africa. Although, there are numerous factors in the spread of HIV/AIDS, it is largely recognized as a disease of poverty. Medicines, for instance, are very expensive and the government in poor countries can not afford to treat the disease, therefore millions are dying, while in rich countries people are living longer.

Having said that, however, some people oppose the former argument. They claim that space research has brought enormous benefits to mankind. Recently, NASA has launched satellites for weather and climate, which will give the scientists a unique view of earth’s atmosphere, helping them to improve their abilities to forecast weather and predict climate change.

From what has been discussed above we may draw the conclusion that both points of view have their merits. Although, human life has priority in our societies, advanced research should be carried out to find another source of energy, water on other planet, and to understand the planets and its’ effect on earth for the benefit of all.

TOEFL Independent Writing Tips for Success

If its your first time here, welcome! Today, we’re going to go over the scale in which you’re graded + the different tips and break down of each paragraph. This will be very useful for you, so keep this handy at all times to grade yourself!

TOEFL Independent Writing Tips for Success

These are general tips that will appear on all Independent writing questions.

TIP 1: FOLLOW A STANDARD TOEFL ESSAY STRUCTURE

Introductory ParagraphProvide background information about the essay topic. Here are a few techniques:

Begin with two sides of opinions on the essay topic Begin with the general public’s opinions Introduce a fact that raises a question about the essay topic Introduce a debate on the essay topic Mention the advantage or disadvantage of a subject as a way to contrast your main opinion on the subject.

2. Write a strong thesis statement
Body Paragraph A
Body Paragraph B
Body Paragraph C (Optional)
1. Include a transition word/phrase at the beginning
2. Write a topic sentence
3. Include supporting sentences

Conclusion Paragraph1. Include a restatement of the thesis statement you wrote in your introduction
2. Provide a brief summary of your main ideas

There’s no maximum length for your essay, but a good response is usually at least 300 words.

TIP 2: USE TRANSITION WORDS AND PHRASES

You need to use transition words and phrases to connect your ideas in your essay. You should have 2 transition words/phrases every 4-5 sentences.

Type of connectionTransition words
These words can help you show the order of ideas.First/Second/Third
Firstly (or “First of all”)/Secondly/Thirdly (or “Lastly”)
For one thing/For another thing/Finally (or “Lastly”)
In the first place/in the second place/Finally (or “Lastly”)


Instead of “First“, “First of all” and “Firstly“, we can use “To begin with”, “To start with”, or “For starters”. We can also use “First and foremost” to state that the first key point is the most important one among all key points. Likewise, instead of “Finally” and “Lastly“, we can use “Last but not least” to state that the final key point is just as important as the others, despite it being mentioned last.
These words can help you add informationIn addition, furthermore, additionally, also, next, moreover, what’s more, on top of that
These words can help you conclude or to summarize:To sum up, in summary, in conclusion, to conclude, all in all, all things considered, overall, taking everything into consideration, in a nutshell
These words can help you demonstrate contrastConversely, on the contrary, by contrast, by way of contrast, on one hand/on the other hand
These words can help you compare or demonstrate similaritySimilarly, likewise, by the same token, along similar lines
These words can help you state a result.As a result, as a consequence, consequently, therefore
These words can help you state a generalization.Generally, on the whole, in most cases, in general
These words can help you clarify a point.That is, in other words, to put it simply, That is to say, just to reiterate
These words can help you give examples.For example, for instance, take something, for example, to give a clear example
These words can help you state an alternative.Alternatively, as another possibility

IELTS | Speaking | 1 on 1 Coaching | Speaking Part 3 – Environmental Problems

We’re back for the last installment of this wonderful soul! She does an excellent job but lots of repetition of words is what hinders her overall success. However, there’s a book that comes to mind and a specific unit that will help her overcome that in less than two days. So, in saying that, I hope you guys enjoy this last episode of this super 17-year-old!

IELTS | Speaking | 1 on 1 Coaching | Speaking Part 2 – A Building That Influenced Your Community

Because she’s such a phenomenal speaker, I really had to critique her in a more thorough way and I found out that she does go on a ramble. She spoke over the mark, as you guys will hear in the podcast, and she prolonged it by giving a lot of examples that didn’t support the overall story.  Also, she missed the question, so listen to the feedback I give her.

IELTS | Speaking | 1 on 1 Coaching | Speaking Part 1 – Neighborhoods

The glorious 17-year-old student with a phenomenal accent, rhythm, enunciation, and intonation. She knows when to rise, and when to call. If any of you are having pronunciation issues, she’s the perfect example of WHAT to do. Listen to this Vietnamese phenom from Hanoi!

IELTS Live Coaching | S1: E9 | Writing | Giving Reasons

Welcome to the last writing coaching for this season (if you want more videos/blogs/audios, patreon is available!). In today’s task 2, we’re going to go over giving reasons.

How do the words in each set 1-4 connect to each other?

  1. Deforestation –> soil erosion –> less food production
  2. Climate change –> unreliable rainfall –> poor crops
  3. War –> farming prevented –> imports and exports prevented
  4. Rising prices –> less available food –> starvation

Ready the sentences below and see if you understand the meaning of the words in italics.

  1. Eating wholefoods and natural produce is important for me. They are healthier than other foods.
  2. Intensive farming increases the use of pesticides and chemical fertilizers. I prefer to shop at a farmers’ market where the food is usually produced and organic.
  3. Genetically modified crops are crucial I think. They help to prevent starvation, producing much greater quantities of crops.
  4. Overgrazing and deforestation mean there is less land for food production. Farmers and landowners should be banned for allowing this.
  5. Developed countries should focus on solutions for climate change. This issue has a great impact on food production in developing countries.

Is the following task asking you to find solutions or evaluate a solution?

Some people believe that famine is caused by climate change and preventing this will stop famine. What is your view of this?

An essay which evaluated solutions often describes the proposed solution and looks at the disadvantages and the advantages.

Of course the impact of climate change can’t be underestimated in relation to famine. Climate change is, in itself, caused by many different factors including deforestation and polluted air. The deforestation problem leads to soil erosion. The polluted air problem increases temperatures. Deforestation and polluted air contribute to unpredictable rainfall patterns which damage crops and the quality of vegetation that grows, preventing steady food production in developing countries. Farmers in developing countries usually don’t have enough money for measures which will help counteract the effects, e.g. anti-flooding or irrigation methods. Consequently, preventing climate change would decrease climate changes unpredictable effects and therefore reduce famine. Agriculture planning would be easier as farmers would know what the likely seasonal changes would be. However, climate change is a vast problem and not a problem easily solved. The problem requires a global effort and huge investment, which is difficult to achieve quickly in the short term.

IELTS Live Coaching | S1: E8 | Speaking | Overseas Voluntary Work

Welcome back to another live coaching! So, in tomorrow’s session we’re going to talk about the different types of overseas voluntary work and the different types of work that is involved in each case. Also, there are going to be some questions for you to answer about these types of voluntary work, too. I’m hoping to bring on a student on a live episode to finish off season 1 next week, so if anyone is interested in a free, 40-minute online coaching, let me know!

a. working with children in an orphanage

b. working on a wildlive conservation project

c. working on a construction project in a rural community

d. working in a rural school

e. working on a rural health education program

f. working on an environmental conservation project

g. working on a marine conservation project

  1. How easy or difficult do you think each of the jobs would be?
  2. Which of the voluntary projects would you choose to work on? Why?
  3. In which countries would you be most likely to do one of these projects?
  4. At what stage in life might someone volunteer overseas?

Podcast – coming soon

Video – coming soon

Patreon

Arsenio’s ESL Podcast | Exam Success | Episode 1 | Ann Succeeding In IELTS

Such an amazing talk with someone who I had just met a day before the exam. After reaching out to people in the group to try and be of service, I ended up coming across Ann, who was preparing to take her IELTS test in just a day’s time. She got her results within five days times, and to her astonishment, she achieved the band in her speaking. Well, to kick off this new series, I’m going to bring on people who have achieved success in different test preparation courses. Welcome to a new series!

Podcast: https://www.buzzsprout.com/165390/5294193

IELTS Writing | Patreon | S1: E1 | Stating Opinions | Personal/Impersonal

Welcome to my Patreon! If you’re unaware, I have a wide-range of benefits to this specific badge that’s available for IELTS Learners.

For students who are wanting to learn IELTS around the world, this tier is for serious learners who want exclusive IELTS content. 

– Listening techniques

– Speaking techniques

– Reading skills

– Academic writing

In addition, there will be a range of videos, Q & A’s, and even live coaching (and 1:2:1 coaching twice a month for two hours total). 

There will also be free-writing and free speaking prompts, as well as videos and audio casts (three times a week) for students to study.  Lots of writing samples and you will also have the ability to get 2 writing tasks 1’s and 2 writing tasks 2’s graded.  Any additional writing tasks can be purchased in a bundle. 

Topic requests and videos based on the questions will also be made, so be sure to communicate within the group with me and the other Patrons!

_______________________________________________________________________________

In saying that, here’s what this episode will feature.

  • Adding and understanding the meaning between personal opinions and impersonal ideas.
  • Reported speech phrases and matching.
  • How to give supporting details and examples to further strengthen your argument.
  • Agreeing and disagreeing (speaking segment) and phrases for fill-ins.
  • Writing Task 2 for you to submit and a sample answer.

Patreon

Arsenio’s ESL Podcast | Season 5 Episode 189 | Reading/Listening | Groupthink

This is a segment like no other. Groupthink is a terrifying concept. This is how “war-time” leaders of the past marched millions of men into dumb wars. In the present day, this is how people around the world refuse to wear masks.  They take one side and there’s no convincing them….that’s the macro-level.  Of course in the micro, it happens throughout our daily lives. So, in today’s podcast, we dive DEEP into groupthink.

Podcast