IELTS | Speaking | 1 on 1 Coaching | Speaking Part 1 – Neighbors

We’ve got ourselves an AMAZING speaking student on the podcast today from India! She’s a professional and taking IELTS general training, and as you may hear in this podcast, her speaking capabilities and flow with pronunciation is beyond solid.  However, it’s time to critique! In today’s podcast, we’re talking NEIGHBORS!

IELTS | Reading | Cambridge 14 | T4 – P1 – The Secret of Staying Young

Welcome back to a breakdown of reading passage 1 on the Cambridge IELTS test 4! This is a first of its kind, and what I’ll be doing is breaking down T/F/NG and fill in the blank. The most difficult part about IELTS reading is finding where the key words are (far more difficult than TOEFL)….so watch how I do this.

Pheidole dentata, a native ant of the south-eastern U.S., isn’t immortal. But scientists have found that it doesn’t seem to show any signs of aging. Old worker ants can do everything just as well as the youngsters, and their brains appear just as sharp. ‘We get a picture that these ants really don’t decline,’ says Ysabel Giraldo, who studied the ants for her doctoral thesis at Boston University.

Such age-defying feats are rare in the animal kingdom. Naked mole rats can live for almost 30 years and stay fit for nearly their entire lives. They can still reproduce even when old, and they never get cancer. But the vast majority of animals deteriorate with age just like people do. Like the naked mole rat, ants are social creatures that usually live in highly organized colonies. ‘It’s this social complexity that makes P. dentata useful for studying aging in people,’ says Giraldo, now at the California Institute of Technology. Humans are also highly social, a train that has been connected to healthier aging. By contrast, most animal studies of aging use mice, worms or fruit flies, which all lead much more isolated lives.

In the lab, P. dentata worker ants typically live for around 140 days. Giraldo focused on ants at four age ranges: 20 to 22 days, 45 to 47 days, 95 to 97 days and 120 to 122 days. Unlike all previous studies, which only estimated how old the ants were, her work tracked the ants from the time the pupae became adults, so she knew their exact ages. Then she put them through a range of tests.

Giraldo watched how well the ants took care of the young of the colony, recording how often each ant attended to, carried and fed them. She compared how well 20-day-old and 95-day-old ants followed the telltale scent that the insects usually leave to mark a trail to food. She tested how ants responded to light and also measured how active they were by counting how often ants in a small dish walked across a line. And she experimented with how ants react to live prey: a tethered fruit fly. Giraldo expected the older ants to perform poorly in all these tasks. But the elderly insects were all good caretakers and trail-followers — the 95-day-old ants could track the scent even longer than their younger counterparts. They all responded to light well, and the older ants were more active. And when it came to reacting to prey, the older ants attacked the poor fruit fly just as aggressively as the young ones did, flaring their mandibles or pulling at the fly’s legs.

Then Giraldo compared the brains of 20-day-old and 95-day old ants, identifying any cells that were close to death. She saw no major differences with age, nor was there any difference in the location of the dying cells, showing that age didn’t seem to affect specific brain functions. Ants and other insects have structures in their brains called mushroom bodies, which are important for processing information, learning and memory. She also wanted to see if aging affects the density of synaptic complexes within these structures — regions where neurons come together. Again, the answer was no. What was more, the old ants didn’t experience any drop in the levels of either serotonin or dopamine — brain chemicals whose decline often coincides with aging. In humans, for example, a decrease in serotonin has been linked to Alzheimer’s disease.

‘This is the first time anyone has looked at both behavioral and neural changes in these ants so thoroughly,’ says Giraldo, who recently published the findings in the Proceedings of the Royal Society B. Scientists have looked at some similar aspects in bees, but the results of recent bee studies were mixed — some studies showed age-related declines, which biologists call senescence, and others didn’t. ‘For now, the study raises more questions than it answers,’ Giraldo says, ‘including how P. dentat stays in such good shape.’

Also, if the ants don’t deteriorate with age, why do they die at all? Out in the wild, the ants probably don’t live for a full 140 days thanks to predators, disease and just being in an environment that’s much harsher than the comforts of the lab. ‘The lucky ants that do live into old age may suffer a steep decline just before dying,’ Giraldo says, but she can’t say for sure because her study wasn’t designed to follow an ant’s final moments.

‘It will be important to extend these findings to other species of social insects,’ says Gene E. Robinson, an entomologist at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. This ant might be unique, or it might represent a broader pattern among other social bugs with possible clues to the science of aging in larger animals. Either way, it seems that for these ants, age really doesn’t matter.

Cambridge IELTS 14 Test 4 Passage 1

Choose one word only from the passage for each answer.

Focus on a total of 1 ___________ different age groups of ants, analysing

Behaviour:

– how well ants looked after their 2 ______________

– their ability to locate 3 ____________ using a scent trail

– the effect that 4 _____________ had on them

– how 5 ______________ they attacked prey

Brains:

– comparison between age and the 6 _____________ of dying cells in the brains of ants

– condition of synaptic complexes (areas in which 7 _____________ meet) in the brain’s ‘mushroom bodies’

– level of two 8 ______________ in the brain associated with ageing

Questions 1-8

Second phase

  • True: if the statement agrees with the information
  • False: if the statement contradicts the information
  • NG: If there is no information on this

9. Pheidole dentata ants are the only known animals which remain active for their whole lives.

10. Ysabel Giraldo was the first person to study Pheidole dentata ants using precise data about the insects’ ages.

11. The ants in Giraldo’s experiments behaved as she had predicted that they would.

12. The recent studies of bees used different methods of measuring age-related decline.

13. Pheidole dentata ants kept in laboratory conditions tend to live longer lives.

Tips & Tricks

  • If the question asks you to write two words and/or a number, this means the answer may be: one word, one word + a number, two words, two words + a number

Remember that even if a number is written as a word, it counts as a number (e.g., twenty five trees = one word and a number). You do not need to write full sentences or join words together.

Podcast

IELTS Writing | Part I | Maps | Describing Changes

Welcome back to another IELTS blog on writing maps! About 1 year ago, I was sitting in a cafe at a BTS line here in Bangkok, Thailand and I promised that I would begin doing IELTS writing. However, I failed…but I’m back a year later to deliver. I’m going to get you warmed up with some questions before giving you a description of a map. Now, if you want to see the map, hit my YouTube link down below, scroll down and you’ll see the exact title of this in video format. From there, you’ll be able to see how I explain everything.

  1. What changes have occurred in the place you come from? Do you think they are positive or negative changes?
  2. Imagine you are a young person moving to a new town. Which facilities in the list below would be important to you?

Vocabulary: golf course, skate park, theatre, railway station, concert hall, gallery, stadium, ice rink, park, college, airport.

IELTS | Developing Pronunciation | Word Linking with Vowels/Consonants

Welcome back to a another IELTS blog/podcast, everyone! The YouTube link will be available down below if you want to see the book, and make sure you email me for the book itself. In saying that, I will be discussing down below how to create continuous natural speech. When you do this, the pronunciation points will be high and that can surely put you a band higher than not having that natural speech. Here are some sentences you can practice down below and the podcast.

  1. I’d like to get a place of my own as soon as I can.
  2. I hope I can take early retirement before I’m sixty.
  3. I’d like to start a family when I’m about thirty years old.
  4. Next year I’m planning to take a sabbatical so that I can travel to South America.
  5. I’ve always wanted to get a degree in electronic engineering.
  6. I can’t afford to take a gap year unless I can get a job and save up.

If you want me to grade your pronunciation, make sure you record the above 6 sentences and send them to my email down below. Note: I will probably feature you (not your name and your whereabouts) on my podcast for explanation.

Podcast

Premium Business English Podcast: https://www.mocha.fm/creator/thearseniobuckshow

Pronunciation Course Phase III: https://www.udemy.com/share/102DYQ/

Pronunciation Course Phase II: https://www.udemy.com/share/102wQS/

Pronunciation Course Phase 1: https://www.udemy.com/course/arsenios-american-esl-pronunciation-phase-1/?referralCode=8C3941AAFB58102377C4

Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/arseniosesllearning

Podcast on Spotify: https://open.spotify.com/show/7hdzplWx6xB8mhwDJYiP6f

Podcast on ListenNote: https://www.listennotes.com/c/778cf3cfd2564ba5b01f693bfebc96de/arsenio-s-esl-podcast/

Podcast on CastBox: https://castbox.fm/channel/Arsenio’s-ESL-Podcast-id1251433?country=us

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Website: https://thearseniobuckshow.com/

Q & A: ArsenioBuck@icloud.com

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IELTS Listening Skills | 1 on 1 Coaching | Section 2 | Map/Diagram

Yes! This is my FAVORITE! Now, remember all blogs and whatnot could be found on thearseniobuckshow.com.

I really want to break down where to listen for answers, as well as identifying areas of the map.  Because there are only four questions, you will have 6-7 potential answers. However, if you look at the map and detail where potential rooms/places could be, it would be much easier for you in the long run. Listen to this if you have problems identifying places on a map.

Because it’s difficult for me to upload the photo here, I’ve instead put up the book as a PDF down below. The segment we’re doing is on page 36, so make sure to download, tune in and tag along!

Website

Podcast

IELTS Listening Skills | 1 on 1 Coaching | Section 2 | A-E Questions

This could be one of the most difficult sections for students out there, but it doesn’t have to be.  Let me walk you through the process, with a client of mine, on how you can pick out the key words in both the questions and potential answers.

Questions 11 and 12

Choose two letters, A-3

Which two changes have been made so far during the refurbishment of the theatre?

  • Some rooms now have a different use.
  • A different type of seating has been installed.
  • An elevator has been installed.
  • The outside of the building has been repaired
  • Extra seats have been added.

Questions 13 and 14

Choose TWO letters, A-E

Which TWO facilities does the theatre currently offer to the public?

  • rooms for hire
  • backstage tours
  • hire of costumes
  • a bookshop
  • a cafe

Questions 15 and 16

Which TWO workshops does the theatre CURRENTLY offer?

  • sound
  • acting
  • making puppets
  • make-up
  • lighting

Tune into the podcast down below for the listening and answers with my student.

Podcast

Arsenio’s ESL Podcast: Free 10 Days of Patreon is Now Available!

Speaker 1: (00:00)
Back to another ESL podcast, everyone and I am so excited, excited, excited, excited. Because what I’m doing right now for all of you, yes this is a trailer, but a lot of you do not understand the things that I’m actually putting out there. You don’t know about a lot of it. So again, if you’re living in America, this probably doesn’t relate to you so much in terms of the test preparation, but the other things do. So when what this is about is my patrion and all my patron. I finally toggled everything and now I’m beginning to get a lot of inquiries about it. So what I want to tell you guys is if you are learning TOEIC or [inaudible], if you actually go onto my Patrion, which I’ll provide in the link down below, you will be able to get 10 days for free. 

Speaker 1: (00:50)
So you’re going to be able to test everything out for 10 days. And the most beautiful part about this is guess what? At the first of the month, that’s when you would be charged. And if you do not like it, all you have to do is of course cancel before the first of the month. So you have 10 days to say, Hey, oh, you know what? This is very useful. I’m going to go through with it. And on the first of the month I’m going to begin being a paid member of our, you know, our Cineos Patrion and I’m going to support this. Not only that, but actually enable myself to grow in whatever area of English that you’re trying to grow in. So I’m very, very excited about this because a lot of students from Vietnam have approached me with a lot of different inquiry’s. 

Speaker 1: (01:35)
There are other people saying, how can I learn English? What can I do? What can I do here and there? So now I’m following up with everything, telling them, hey, I think you should test this out for a little bit. You’re going to get all of these things here. And then you know what? If you want the silver badge, the gold badge. So what I’m going to do, I’m going to break these down very quickly. So with TOEIC, if you are learning to wick, the TOEIC badge provides obviously lessons in all areas of parts one through seven. So of course you have the photographs part one, part two question and response. I think part three is short conversations in fours, just like that. Two part five grammar, part six is additional grammar ones, incomplete sentences, which I believe is part five and then part six grammar, multiple choice. 

Speaker 1: (02:25)
Then the crazy reading comprehension, which is part seven. Basically what I would do is do reading on one day. I would do listening on another day and then I would cover grammar on another day. Then I would actually do a live Q and a for you guys probably on a Saturday and Sunday. So you can answer so you can ask me questions and I’ll also, these come with the audio and the video and the worksheets and the pdf and the audio. You basically get everything in there and all of it’s exclusive because you won’t see any of that on this podcast going forward. Right? So on this podcast you would get different stuff, different material. But again, if you want additional material on top of that, that goes deeper, you could go onto my page here on TOEIC. Same thing with ILT aisles. When I kicked that off, that’s going to be obviously at a higher premium, but I have to cover a lot of different things. 

Speaker 1: (03:18)
The reading is extremely difficult to cover. Then you have the variety and the building up of writing an essays. People be able to submit their essays and submitted by word doc and Google doc so I can correct it. So yes, that’s going to be at a much higher premium. Um, and I’m thinking about bringing on a second person to check the essays and stuff like that too. But nonetheless, all of this is going to be, you guys can ask me more questions about each tier and whatnot. So you have the TOEIC badge, which is, you know, one of the tiers, the ILDs badge, that’s another tier. And then you have the bronze, silver, and gold badge. So for everyone else who isn’t learning the specific test preparation courses, you have a $10 here, $25 here, and a $50 here. The Fi, the $10 here is basically the worksheets, the vocabulary, the building up of writing and reading material. 

Speaker 1: (04:11)
Okay. As well as probably a podcast here and there, you know, as a pop up from what might be featured in the silver tier. So the silver, I’m sorry, the silver badge, it has everything from the bronze badge and then it has free coaching hours. It has audios of each of the things on that specific in this specific bronze badge. So whatever you get in there, it’s an audio and video form over there. Plus you get additional webinars, additional Q and A’s. And we will do interviews and podcasts and coaching of course. Uh, and then the videos on top of that. And on top of a few other things and other people who I would probably bring into the gold badge as well as advanced teplin templates and different life skill, uh, uh, things like in terms of like succeeding in interviews and you know, doing videos on Q and A’s instead of just asking questions. 

Speaker 1: (05:10)
There are a lot of things that are being offered within these three specific tiers. So again, I am so, so excited about this. I want it to hurry up and just give everyone a nice for. Um, what does it just give you guys a rundown of what’s being offered and you have 10 days to act, 11 days to act again. If you act now, you’ll be able to get all, you know, the access of everything. And then after that, hey, guess what? You’re going to be able to have everything at your disposal, which is so, so exciting because then, hey, all those little things, people who are committed to them, and this is what I love about Vietnamese students, they come up to me, they said, I can’t remember vocab. I need to do this. I need to practice this, I need to do this. 

Speaker 1: (05:54)
And I’m like, okay, I got you. I said, is what we’re gonna do? We’re gonna do this, this, this, this, this. And I said, once you start doing this, we’re going to do this. And they’re like, absolutely, I’m excited. And so there is no, Oh, well, I’m not really sure. Kind of like with Thai students, they never really know. And they’re always indecisive with things in terms of learning English because again, they don’t love it. They’re forced to learn it, therefore they hate it. But in Vietnam and other places around the world is completely different. Again, this might be based on individualism. Okay. It might be that all the individuals who I’ve taught out here in Thailand have this, has this type of mentality or maybe not. So nonetheless. And with that being said, I’m so excited. Make sure you check the link. Make sure you email me. I’ll be waiting for all your responses. So as always, I’m your host Arsenio, over and out.

Patreon Badge Details

Bronze Badge

This is the first badge of the three.  This badge is $10 and it will feature the following things. 

– Personalize lessons that cater to Patrons

– Writing

– Vocabulary

– Reading

– Worksheets

– PDF’s

– Academic Writing (once a week)

Silver Badge

This is the second badge of the three, and it will feature the same things from the Bronze badge +

– Personalize lessons that cater to Patrons

– Writing

– Vocabulary

– Reading

– Worksheets

– PDF’s

– Academic Writing (once a week)

– Audios for each lesson

– Additional audiocasts on a weekly basis

– Speaking Task

– A video a week.

Gold Badge

This is the biggest badge of them all! The Bronze Badge and Silver Badge will be in this one including the following. 

– Personalize lessons that cater to Patrons

– Writing

– Vocabulary

– Reading

– Worksheets

– PDF’s

– Academic Writing (once a week)

– Audios for each lesson

– Additional audiocasts on a weekly basis

– Speaking Task

– A video a week.

– One free hour coaching a month (additional session can be added on).

– Live exclusive video

– Q & A

– Videos along with the audiocasts.

TOEIC Badge

This tier is for those who are budget-tight. TOEIC, which is a test preparation course, is featured not only on my blogs and YouTube videos, but now I will begin putting exclusive material here. 

– Weekly Lessons on Reading, Listening & Grammar

– Set days on learning individual schools

– Worksheets

– Downloadable PDF’s

– Exclusive podcasts

– Exclusive videos

– Q & A’s (up to two times a week)

– Webinar

– Live videos

– Cheat sheets

– & More

IELTS Badge

For students who are wanting to learn IELTS around the world, this tier is for serious learners who want exclusive IELTS content. 

– Listening techniques

– Speaking techniques

– Reading skills

– Academic writing

In addition, there will be a range of videos, Q & A’s, and even live coaching (and 1:2:1 coaching twice a month for two hours total). 

There will also be free-writing and free speaking prompts, as well as videos and audio casts (three times a week) for students to study.  Lots of writing samples and you will also have the ability to get 2 writing tasks 1’s and 2 writing tasks 2’s graded.  Any additional writing tasks can be purchased in a bundle. 

Topic requests and videos based on the questions will also be made, so be sure to communicate within the group with me and the other Patrons!

Patreon

Patreon

Arsenio’s ESL Podcast: Special – IELTS Speaking – Part I – Neighbors

We’re back with some IELTS speaking! Excited to bring you guys this edition, and because Part I (television) is such a huge hit, here’s another one! So, with that being said, let’s dive into this!

  • How well do you know the people who live next door to you?
  • How often do you see them?
  • What kinds of problems do people sometimes have with their neighbors?
  • How do you think neighbors can help each other?

So, let’s bring these questions down individually.

How well do you know the people who live next door to you?

This could be a little, a lot, not too well, etc……state how much you know them, then give examples to why it’s only the amount you have chosen.

I don’t know them too well because we don’t often cross each other’s paths. When I come home in the evening, my neighbor would’ve gone off to work already. Before I wake up, my neighbor comes home. The only time we see each other is during the weekend and we often just smile.

Explanation.

How often do you see them?

Because you went into this already, you can just give a time frame: twice a month, quarterly, yearly, during the holidays, a few times a week, etc. Using a variety of language, such as quantifiers to show you have a grasp of the language.

Podcast

YouTube