IELTS | Writing task II | Opinion Essay | Hypothesizing

Welcome back to another IELTS Writing Task video, and today I’m going to be focusing, again, on opinion essays. Because I have a student on my Patreon who I’m coaching, I decided to do something that pertains to who’s on my membership. So, let’s go over different types of linking devices and an opinion essay that scored an overall 7.0 band.

Technique: use linking phrases like “if” and “unless” in your answers in order to hypothesize about effects.

Additional words: if, providing, provided, as long as and unless can all be used to hypothesize.

Example: A nation should nurture the talents of its people. It will then reap many benefits.

If a nation nurtures the talents of its people, it will reap many benefits.

a. Without being encouraged by parents and teachers, aspiring musicians will not develop.

Unless ______________________________________________.

b. Science may one day stop the aging process in humans, but will this benefit mankind?

If _________________________________________________.

c. If there is no effort made to keep traditional farming methods alive, they will disappear.

Unless ______________________________________________.

d. If innovation is encouraged, many new jobs will be created.

As long as ____________________________________________.

Complete the following sentences using your own ideas.

a. Provided parents have an interest in music, _______________.

b. If government support for arts projects is not available, ____________.

c. Unless entrance to museums and art galleries is free,_______________.

d. Providing young scientists are given the right opportunities,______________

Task: The money spent on space research has brought enormous benefits to mankind, but it could be more usefully applied. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

The question of whether money could be usefully applied to tackle the crisis around the world rather than spent in on space research is a very controversial issue and it is now a matter of considerable public concern. There are, therefore, people on both sides of the argument who have feelings either for or against.

Many people believe that money should be spent to solve food crisis in Africa and South Asia. Droughts, for example, left Africa with famine. Every 30 seconds an African child dies of hunger and about 45% of children in South Asia suffer from malnutrition. Similarly, the global issue is the conflict of AIDS in Africa. Although, there are numerous factors in the spread of HIV/AIDS, it is largely recognized as a disease of poverty. Medicines, for instance, are very expensive and the government in poor countries can not afford to treat the disease, therefore millions are dying, while in rich countries people are living longer.

Having said that, however, some people oppose the former argument. They claim that space research has brought enormous benefits to mankind. Recently, NASA has launched satellites for weather and climate, which will give the scientists a unique view of earth’s atmosphere, helping them to improve their abilities to forecast weather and predict climate change.

From what has been discussed above we may draw the conclusion that both points of view have their merits. Although, human life has priority in our societies, advanced research should be carried out to find another source of energy, water on other planet, and to understand the planets and its’ effect on earth for the benefit of all.

IELTS | Speaking | 1 on 1 Coaching | Speaking Part 3 – Environmental Problems

We’re back for the last installment of this wonderful soul! She does an excellent job but lots of repetition of words is what hinders her overall success. However, there’s a book that comes to mind and a specific unit that will help her overcome that in less than two days. So, in saying that, I hope you guys enjoy this last episode of this super 17-year-old!

IELTS | Speaking | 1 on 1 Coaching | Speaking Part 2 – A Building That Influenced Your Community

Because she’s such a phenomenal speaker, I really had to critique her in a more thorough way and I found out that she does go on a ramble. She spoke over the mark, as you guys will hear in the podcast, and she prolonged it by giving a lot of examples that didn’t support the overall story.  Also, she missed the question, so listen to the feedback I give her.

IELTS | Speaking | 1 on 1 Coaching | Speaking Part 1 – Neighborhoods

The glorious 17-year-old student with a phenomenal accent, rhythm, enunciation, and intonation. She knows when to rise, and when to call. If any of you are having pronunciation issues, she’s the perfect example of WHAT to do. Listen to this Vietnamese phenom from Hanoi!

IELTS Live Coaching | S1: E9 | Writing | Giving Reasons

Welcome to the last writing coaching for this season (if you want more videos/blogs/audios, patreon is available!). In today’s task 2, we’re going to go over giving reasons.

How do the words in each set 1-4 connect to each other?

  1. Deforestation –> soil erosion –> less food production
  2. Climate change –> unreliable rainfall –> poor crops
  3. War –> farming prevented –> imports and exports prevented
  4. Rising prices –> less available food –> starvation

Ready the sentences below and see if you understand the meaning of the words in italics.

  1. Eating wholefoods and natural produce is important for me. They are healthier than other foods.
  2. Intensive farming increases the use of pesticides and chemical fertilizers. I prefer to shop at a farmers’ market where the food is usually produced and organic.
  3. Genetically modified crops are crucial I think. They help to prevent starvation, producing much greater quantities of crops.
  4. Overgrazing and deforestation mean there is less land for food production. Farmers and landowners should be banned for allowing this.
  5. Developed countries should focus on solutions for climate change. This issue has a great impact on food production in developing countries.

Is the following task asking you to find solutions or evaluate a solution?

Some people believe that famine is caused by climate change and preventing this will stop famine. What is your view of this?

An essay which evaluated solutions often describes the proposed solution and looks at the disadvantages and the advantages.

Of course the impact of climate change can’t be underestimated in relation to famine. Climate change is, in itself, caused by many different factors including deforestation and polluted air. The deforestation problem leads to soil erosion. The polluted air problem increases temperatures. Deforestation and polluted air contribute to unpredictable rainfall patterns which damage crops and the quality of vegetation that grows, preventing steady food production in developing countries. Farmers in developing countries usually don’t have enough money for measures which will help counteract the effects, e.g. anti-flooding or irrigation methods. Consequently, preventing climate change would decrease climate changes unpredictable effects and therefore reduce famine. Agriculture planning would be easier as farmers would know what the likely seasonal changes would be. However, climate change is a vast problem and not a problem easily solved. The problem requires a global effort and huge investment, which is difficult to achieve quickly in the short term.

IELTS Live Coaching | S1: E8 | Speaking | Overseas Voluntary Work

Welcome back to another live coaching! So, in tomorrow’s session we’re going to talk about the different types of overseas voluntary work and the different types of work that is involved in each case. Also, there are going to be some questions for you to answer about these types of voluntary work, too. I’m hoping to bring on a student on a live episode to finish off season 1 next week, so if anyone is interested in a free, 40-minute online coaching, let me know!

a. working with children in an orphanage

b. working on a wildlive conservation project

c. working on a construction project in a rural community

d. working in a rural school

e. working on a rural health education program

f. working on an environmental conservation project

g. working on a marine conservation project

  1. How easy or difficult do you think each of the jobs would be?
  2. Which of the voluntary projects would you choose to work on? Why?
  3. In which countries would you be most likely to do one of these projects?
  4. At what stage in life might someone volunteer overseas?

Podcast – coming soon

Video – coming soon

Patreon

IELTS | Speaking | 1 on 1 Coaching | Speaking Part 1 – Magazines and Newspapers

After so many years of being on this planet, I’ve finally met my first ever student from Tibet, the autonomous region of China.  This 20-year-old girl had moved to India, learned for several years, and moved back to Nepal where she’s preparing her IELTS test to go overseas. I’ve had the special privilege of coaching her, so I know this will inspire a lot of people. Here we go!

Arsenio’s ESL Podcast | Speaking Class | S1 E1 | Developing Ideas | Leadership

BOOM! We’ve got ourselves a new series! As promised, I told you guys in July that I would have another new series, and here it is! In today’s podcast, I’m featuring a wonderful student from Tibet and a teacher from India in a developing ideas type of segment which they speak about leadership and talk about historical figures who have left a lasting legacy on humanity — as well as developing their ideas in terms of a task towards the end.

Unfortunately, it was cut short because of myself, but know that this is just the beginning! Many more to come! Full notes down below!

Leadership Qualities

  • The ability to listen properly and consider the views of others
  • The use of persuasion and encouragement to achieve end goals
  • The strength to be honest and open when tackling sensitive issues
  • The willingness to take responsibility for failure
  • The ability to delegate

Have you demonstrated any of the qualities above? Tell us about it in a specific instance.

You’re going to listen to a student attempting to lead a team as the try to construct a raft made of tires, planks, and ropes. Do you think the student is an effective leader who commands respect? Why/why not?

Are you cut out to be a leader?

  1. You are taking part in a team-building activity.  The activity involves using old tires, planks of wood and piece of rope to construct a raft, which your team will then use to cross a river.  Do you….
  1. Give the different members of your team specific tasks to carry out?
  2. Wait and see what everyone else starts to do with the equipment?
  3. Observe and make suggestions as and when you think necessary?
  • You are collaborating on a group presentation with three other students.  The others have nominated you as leader.  When it comes to delivering the presentation, the slides created by one of the team members contain numerous inaccuracies, which the teacher and observing students remark on.  Do you….
  1. Talk the errors down and insist that they are only minor ones?
  2. Admit that you should have checked on the team member’s progress?
  3. Explain why you think the team member made those errors?
  4. You are a member of the student committee at school.  The committee is looking at ways to encourage other students to become more ‘green’ as consumers.  Do you start by….
  1. Checking that any clothes or products you buy come from companies with sustainable business practices?
  2. Putting up notices telling everyone how they could reduce paper and food waste during school time?
  3. Organizing an inter-class competition, getting classes to design posters illustrating environmental issues and solutions?
  • Your coach has made you their assistant for this season.  One of the players on your team has come to you, complaining that she/he never gets a turn at the more important positions and often feels sidelined.  You are aware that the coach is concerned about this player’s skills and level of fitness.  DO you….
  1. Try to placate the player and say there will be plenty more opportunities in the future?
  2. Say that you are never directly involved in choosing player positions, but you’ll find out more about it?
  3. Explain why the player is not regarded as suitable at the moment suggest what practice steps they could take next?
  • You have been asked to create some artwork to cover the walls of the rooms at your local club.  A team of six other people were assigned to help you in the beginning, they all seemed enthusiastic, but now some of them are no longer turning up at the scheduled times.  Do you….
  1. Text them and order that they show up when they’re supposed to, according to the original agreement?
  2. Use social media to highlight the problems in a light-hearted way and see if you can find some other volunteers?
  3. Email the rest of the team, asking what ideas they have for the artwork and when it would suit them to have a meeting.
  • You are on a school committee which is hoping to get a well0known and popular figure to come and give a talk.  However, that person is known to be reticent about taking part in public engagements.  Do you…
  1. Come up with a list of alternative potential speakers and compare the level of interest they might generate amongst students?
  2. Express your concerns about the likelihood of the figure agreeing to take part, but offer to help out with advertising should the event actually take place?
  3. Contact the figure’s PA, email a list of potential topics they could choose from and offer to meet them at a time and place of their choosing to discuss things further.

Podcast

IELTS Live Coaching | S1: E4 | Speaking | Making Generalizations, Technology & Science

Welcome back to another IELTS Live Coaching! This week I’m going to dive deep into technology and science, two areas that you need to be especially aware about. Because Education, Science and Technology are hot topics in the world of events, you need to pay special attention to these subjects and be prepared when tough questions are thrown at you. On this blog, here are the notes of what will be discussed tomorrow.

Think of the following….
  • Scientific invention
  • Scientific breakthrough
  • Cutting-edge technology
  • Recent discovery
  • Groundbreaking discovery
  • Medical breakthrough
  • Scientific research
  • Digital revolution

Now, choose one of the noun phrases above and complete the following Part 2 task card. I would like you to submit your part II speaking task to me…follow the instructions on the video.

Describe (a/an) _____________ of the last twenty years which you feel has a major influence on your life.

You should say

  • What the __________ is
  • When it started/happened
  • What effect it had

And explain how this _____________ has influenced your life.

Making Generalizations

  1. Which science subject at school do/did you like the most? Why?
  2. Do you think life is safer, or more dangerous, with modern technology?
  3. Does everybody need to know how to use a computer these days?
  4. How has your study of science helped you?
  5. Do you think new developments in science often cause more problems than they solve?
  6. Which area of scientific research do you think is most important and deserves further research and development?
  7. What science subjects do students study at school in your country?
  8. Is there anything about science that you dislike?
  9. Do you think there are some areas that should be off-limits to scientific research?
  10. What effect does new technology have on employment?

Read the candidates answers in both a and b. Which one provides the best answer? Underline any words or phrases that Candidate B uses to make generalizations.

Candidate A

Well, I think life is more dangerous as I know many people who have had problems with crime on the internet. I have a friend who lost some money when she was banking online. Also lots of my friends’ parents are worried about them using the internet because of online bullying and things like that.

Candidate B

In general, I would say advances in science and technology have made us more secure in many ways. Increased scientific knowledge tends to make us more away of dangers, and developments in some areas have meant that we are more able to deal with difficulties. Health and medicine would be a good example. Of course, technology is liable to bring dangers too.  Take the internet, for instance – that has brought new risks and more criminal activity. More on my Patreon! Stay tuned for announcements in