Arsenio’s ESL Podcast: Season 3 – Episode 32 – Grammar – Will, Be Going to, Present Cont/Simp for Future

Yes! All of these combined and for the future! This is going to be a difficult one, so please,  prepare yourselves for a long podcast and blog! We’re getting into the Intermediate realm now.

1a – Match the sentences (a-d) with the rules (1-4)

a. In the next few weeks, leaders of the world are meeting to discuss climate change.

b. When you get home this evening, what will you watch on TV?

c. Some people say this will be the future of technology.

d. It appears that it’s going to be difficult to produce fresh food in the future.

Rules

  1. We use the present simple with time expressions like when, after, before, as soon as to talk about the future.
  2. We use the present continuous to talk about fixed, confirmed future arrangements.
  3. We use will to make general predictions.
  4. We use be going to to make predictions based on some sort of evidence.

 

Complete the sentences with the correct form of the present simple or will.

  1. When she _________(come), we ____________(leave).
  2. My brother ______________(call) you back as soon as he _____________(finishes) his homework.
  3. I ______________(do) the dishes before mom ______________(get) home.
  4. When you ___________(go) to the shops next week, ____________ you ___________(buy) new shoes?
  5. When you _______________(come) to my hotel, we ______________(eat) dinner.
  6. Before Auntie Anne ____________(get) home tonight, I ______________(clean) the house.
  7. When I _____________(have) enough money, I ______________(travel) to Chile.
  8. I ______________(not take) the pie out of the oven until it _____________(be) ready.

 

Read the pairs and choose the correct answer.

1a. What do you do this weekend?

1b. What are you doing this weekend?

2a. I think I’ll leave soon.

2b. I think I’m going soon.

3a. Someone’s calling. I’ll see who it is.

3b. Someone’s calling.  I’m seeing who it is.

4a. She’s going to win the competition.

4b. She’ll win the competition.

5a. When I get home, I’ll make a snack.

5b. When I will get home, I’ll make a snack.

6a. What time does your plane leave?

6b. What time is your plane leaving?

Podcast

Arsenio’s ESL Podcast: Special – TOEIC Coaching – Episode 005 – Understanding Conjunctions

Welcome back to another Facebook live/coaching Saturday/Tuesday! Yes, I’m adding in both days and both titles so no one gets confused. With that being said, let’s get into the basics.

A. Conjunctions are used to join two parts of a sentence together and express their relationships.  What you need to do is look at two halves of the sentence before and after the conjunction to help you choose the correct word.

Words: and, nor, but, or, because

  1. We decided not to buy the parts ___________ the cost was too high.
  2. We passed the first interview ___________ failed the second interview.
  3. Workers can apply now __________ wait until the position becomes available, ok?
  4. The restaurant is famous for its delicious food ___________ its friendly staff.
  5. Neither the price _________ the quality of service met our requirements.

 

Other conjunctions occur in natural pairs.  Learn to recognize these and remember that so you can choose the correct answer quickly.

both…….and

not only……..but also

either………or

neither………nor

whether……….or

Task: You have ten seconds for each item.

 

  1. We have the service to suit you,……….you want to travel in luxury or are on a tight budget.

a. not only

b. whether

c. both

 

2. Entering the building requires not only a keycard, ………a fingerprint scan.

a. but also

b. or

c. and

 

3. We will ……. have to take the bus or get a taxi in order to reach the office in time.

a. neither

b. both

c. either

 

Tactic Practice

Dear Mr. Buck,

I am writing in response to your letter, which was sent ___________ us on 15th of March, inquiring about the availability of replacement parts for the CX232 fan heater.

Unfortunately, this place has been experiencing difficulting at one of their plants, ____________ this has caused a delay in the delivery of replacement parts.  This means we will not have the parts __________ the 16th of this month.

 

  1. A) to, B) with, C) of, D) from
  2. A) but, B) and, C) because, D) whether
  3. A) in, B) across, C) since, D) until

 

Podcast

PDF

 

Arsenio’s ESL Podcast: Season 3 – Episode 31 – Pronunciation – Stressed/Unstressed Schwa

Welcome back to another pronunciation episode! I love bringing these to you guys to start off the week strong, and so here I am today! Today we’re going to go over stressed/unstressed schwa sounds.

 

Able                 ability

Major              majority

Compete         competition

Photograph    photography

canada            canadian

Japan               Japanese

 

Listen to the unstressed vowels that sound like a schwa

practical

official

conclusion

profession

photography

velocity

You’ll have to listen to the podcast down below to understand how to say the words.

Podcast

Arsenio’s ESL Podcast: Special – TOEFL Idioms – Part III

Welcome back to another edition of TOEFL idioms, everyone! Since this was a massive hit amongst the ESL population, I decided to make another one for all of you so you can take your idiomatic expressions to the next level.  Remember, learn and teach so you can remember them!

Run into someone Meet someone unexpectedly. I ran into her at the store the other day! She wasn’t very happy.
Sweating bullets Nervous I always sweat bullets before the flight!
Tag along Ask someone to come with.. I asked her if she wanted to tag along for the trip next weekend.
On the fence Indecisive. I’m on the fence about purchasing this TV.
Take it easy Relax. You need to take it easy — you look very tired.
Take with a grain of salt Don’t take too seriously. With the comments I get online from some users, I usually take them with a grain of salt.
Test the waters Try something out. I tested the waters by living in Australia and now Thailand for 5.5 years.
Way to go! Good job! Way to go! You got the highest score!

 

Arsenio’s ESL Podcast: International Guest Speaker: Life Coach — Ramona — From Romania!

After a friend request was accepted, I realized that Ramona was a life-coach from Romania and living in Dublin.  From that moment was the inception of a life-long friendship that could bring so much to human beings around the planet.  I’m super grateful for not only telling my story through personal development, but making connections all over the world.  I’m introducing you another International Guest Speaking Podcast today! Enjoy!

 

Things we discussed:

  • Ramona’s love for the English language.
  • Why she went to Ireland.
  • When she started learning English.
  • Her love for Romania after visiting.
  • What her appreciation of Romania was from a different perspective.
  • Problems acclimating in Ireland?
  • Becoming a life-coach.
  • Irish castles and beautiful Irish landscapes.
  • Irish cuisine and Irish soup.
  • Similarities between Romanian and Irish sense of humor.
  • Her visits to other parts of European countries.
  • Bali from a different perspective.
  • Recommendations of well-known places to visit in Romania.
  • The country Georgia and its beautiful language.
  • Her visit to Bulgaria.
  • Subconscious mind.
  • Next adventures.

Thank you for listening!

Thanks for joining me and please share it!

Links:

 

Arsenio’s ESL Podcast: Season 3 – Episode 30 – Vocabulary – Synonyms & Antonyms

Here we go, people! Some more vocabulary is on the board for today! Synonyms and Antonyms are my favorite, and this is why most of you should develop first your synonyms, then find out the opposite meanings.  Again, this can reduce the recycling.

For those of you who do not know, synonyms have similar meanings.  Antonyms have opposite meanings.

 

Advantage:         Synonym – Benefit;      Antonym – Disadvantage

Wealthier:          Synonym – Richer;       Antonym – Poorer

 

Put the words below into the five categories.  Make sure you know which one is an antonym and which one is a synonym.

Ancient, current, different to, idealistic, insignificant, like, metropolitan, practical, rural, significant

 

Urban

Similar to

Considerable

Modern

Realistic

 

Podcast

Arsenio’s ESL Podcast: Special – United States Visa Interview Questionnaire

Three of my students had gone in to take an interview at the United States Embassy in Bangkok.  Two of them passed and one of them failed.  How did she fail? Well, the common excuse is “he spoke to fast.”  However, that’s exactly what happened.  She wasn’t able to pick up the -wh question’; therefore, it lead to her answering the question wrong and by the second question came, it was over. She lost.  So, this podcast will feature me saying the questions at 1.0 speed (natural English speed), and the questions are just for extra practice.

What are your hobbies?

Why do you want to be a ____________?

Who is your inspiration?

What’s your name?

Why do you want to go to America?

What is an internship?

How do your parents/family feel about you working abroad?

What do you think about American culture?

What do you usually do in your free time?

Have you ever been to America? When? Where? What did you do?

Do you have any friends, families or relatives in the US?

Do you have any work experience?

How long are you going to stay in america?

What are you going to do in America?

What’s the internship all about?

What do you expect from this problem?

When are you coming back?

Do you stay/live with your family?

Arsenio’s ESL Podcast: Special – IELTS Coaching: Episode 005 – Lexical Recourse & Correcting

Guys, welcome back to another IELTS Coaching podcast and Facebook live.  Last week was a success in terms of doing the joint podcast/live, so I decided to go through with it again this week.  Let’s dive into the good stuff!

Improving your Lexical Resource score

This is a criteria that you will be graded on.  You will score well only if you use a wide range of vocabulary and don’t limit yourself to basic words and phrases.  During the speaking test, try not to use the same words and use synonyms.  I’ve also told my students to use idiomatic expressions if you can.

A student recently asked me, “is it good to use idioms?” YES! The examiner doesn’t care about formality. That’s not “natural” English.

Here are some expressions.

  • Actions speak louder than words.
  • You can’t judge a book by its cover.
  • The best of both worlds.
  • My teacher was a bit of a slave driver.

Checking, correcting and assessing.

  1. Dealing with problems.
  2. Pronunciation and intonation
  3. Running words together (chunking, which I’ll have in my Advanced lesson next year)
  4. Assessing your level.

Always listen carefully to the examiner’s questions to make sure that you answer them fully and appropriately.  Also, some teachers say “don’t ask them to repeat the question,” because then you’ll lose marks, but I don’t think this is entirely true because other examiners who I’ve worked for have said the exact opposite.

Useful phrases for dealing with mistakes or problems in the test.

  • Sorry, I meant to say
  • I’ve never really thought about that before.

Fourth Criterion: Pronunciation

  • Pronouncing individual sounds clearly.
  • Using intonation and stress to help communicate your ideas.
  • ‘Chunking’ (running your words together naturally and clearly, not in a robotic way).

A great way to practice intonation and fluency is simply by copying NES speakers.  Again, I tell my students not to sound like them, but more just to mimic them.  Listen to some recordings or even my podcasts and you’ll understand.

Here are some random examiners comments on the four criteria.

  • Slow speech and frequent hesitation.
  • Discourse markers (well, so, it depends, actually, I think so)
  • Good vocabulary (architectural design, last two decades, cooperative and tolerant).
  • Limited flexibility is demonstrated by lack of range, repetition of certain items.
  • SLow speech interferes with chunking and rhythm and she has a problem with ‘th.’

YouTube

 

 

Arsenio’s ESL Podcast: Season 3 – Episode 29 – Speaking Skill – Shifting The Topic

Hello, everyone! I’m substituting grammar this week! I decided to add in a speaking skill since I didn’t deliver one last week.  So, here’s a nice one for you today!

During a conversation or discussion, we sometimes NEED to change, or shift, a topic.  When speaking to other people, it is important to recognize the topic shifts so you can follow the discussion.  Topic shifts can happen because a speaker may not want to talk about something, the may want to move on to something more interesting, or because they have been reminded of something else.

  • By the way…..
  • Speaking of which….
  • That reminds me….

A. Hey, Arsenio! What’s up!

B. Busy as heck! I’ve got lots of things happening on my end. What’s up? (I want him to get to the point).

A. Ahhh, not much. Just finished watching DragonBallZ.

B. Hey, Andre! Can I call you back?

This is a conversation I generally have with my best friend, Andre.  I’m very diligent when it comes to work, and I need to use my time very wisely. If there’s something unimportant happening on his end, I drop the conversation.

A. We are getting a lot of hours this month, huh?

B. Sure are! There are many students pouring in here because of the break.

C. Did you hear what Donald Trump said earlier?

A. Hey, AJ, I need to prepare for a class.

B. Hey, Ian….I’ll be right back. Need to make some copies.

In this situation, letter C came into the conversation and delivered a topic that both A and B were unwilling to talk about.

Time to make shifts yourself!

  1. Favorite vacation destination —-> favorite food.
  2. The city where you live ——> urban sprawl
  3. Emotional nourishment —– your choice

 

Arsenio’s ESL Podcast: Special – TOEIC – Language Building – Understanding Prepositions

We’re back with some more coaching, everyone! Today we’re going to discuss some language building and understanding prepositions.

So, all of you probably already know how it works.  In the English language, we use a lot of prepositions to indicate time, location, movement/direction and place.

So, I decided to put a couple in the box down below for you guys to go over it and choose the best answers.  Here are the words that need to be put into the paragraph. In, on, at, for, since

Danny will be arriving on Wednesday the 28th of this month (1) _____________11:30am.  This will be his first visit here (2) _____________ this past June, so he’s seen our new facilities (3) ___________ more than 3 months.  We are going to show him the new production line, which opened (4) ______________ June, so we’ll take him there (5) ______________ the 29th.

 

  1. ________ is used for times of day.
  2. ________ is used for days and dates.
  3. ________ is used for months, years and seasons.
  4. ________ is used for periods of time.
  5. ________ is used to refer to a point in time in the past.

 

In: She’s in the bedroom.  She’s in the closet.  She works in the CBD.

On: They are on the table.  They are laying on the floor next to the TV. They are on the BTS Skytrain.

At: He is at the bank.  He is at work.  Meet me on/at southeast corner.

C. Choose the correct prepositions from the following words to complete the text down below: out of, along, through, around, to, into, across

 

I walk ___________ my house around 6am, get ________ the BTS skytrain station and walk _________ heavy crowds, which takes about 5 minutes.  After getting to Sala Daeng station, I walk ____________ a broken sidewalk and then _____________ the corner.  From there I can see the gym ___________ a beauty clinic.  So, I make a left and walk __________ the gym, up the stairs, and prepare myself for a monstrous workout.

Arsenio’s ESL TOEIC- Episode 005

YouTube – Coming Soon