Arsenio’s ESL Podcast: International Guest Speaker – Janine of Honduras & In Mongolia!

Super, super, SUPER ecstatic about this international guest speaker coming on.  This has to be probably the most compelling because my teacher friends, by the name of Janine, is from a tiny central American country.  However, she went to one of the biggest (by land mass) countries on the globe.  Not only that, but it’s a country I’m so fascinated with.  Guys, here’s a special treat for you!

Things we discussed:

  • Introduction given by Arsenio.
  • The Honduras.
  • Discussion about Mayan civilization.
  • Talking about the guest’s travelling experiences.
  • Honduran cuisines. What are the Honduran’s signature cuisines?
  • Beautiful landscapes.
  • Talked about the airline for travelling to Mongolia.
  • What she felt while traveling.
  • Talked about Mongolian culture.
  • Discussion about Mongolian cuisine.
  • Experiences in Mongolia
  • Lifestyle.
  • Mongolian landscapes.
  • Mongolian weather.
  • Mongolia’s season compared to other countries.

Podcast

 

Thank you for listening!

 

Thank you so much for joining me for this podcast. Please do write down some feedbacks and comments. Please do share this podcast to your social media.

 

Links:

 

 

TOEIC: Conditionals II

I wanted to do another rundown of conditionals so you all have a more thorough understanding. If you understand conditionals, not only will it improve your score by about 5-10 questions on Part 5, but also improve your writing – enabling you to use complex structures rather than simple structures.

Conditional sentences contain two distinct parts: the if-clause (condition) and result.  In both of these parts, the verb forms change according to the time.

Real Conditions

  • For a real condition in the future, the verb in the if-clause is usually in the present simple tense, while the verb in the result clause is in the future or imperative form.

– We will need to borrow money if taxes go up.

– If anyone calls here tomorrow, please take a message.

  • Will is sometimes used in the if-clause when it is used as a synonym of want.

– If they won’t compromise, we will have to cancel the negotiations.

  • For a real condition in the past, the verbs in both if-clause and the result clause are in the past.

-If they were waiting for a counteroffer, they were wise.

Unreal Conditions

  • For an unreal condition in the present, the verb in the if-clause is in the past form, while the verb in the result clause is would or could plus the simple (base) form.

-He would ask for an application if he wanted the job.

-If I earned more money, I could buy a better car.

  • For an unreal condition in the present, the correct form for the verb to be in the if0clause is were, no matter what the subject is.

-If she were easier to get along with, she would have more friends.

  • For an unreal condition in the past, the verb in the if-clause is in the past perfect tense, while the verb in the result clause is would have or could have plus the past participle of the verb.

-He would have made a better choice if he had listened to our advice.

-They could have finished the project sooner if they had made a better work plan.

  1. I thought by now we would have learned the lesson that if we ignore overhead, we _______ our expenses.
  1. underestimating
  2. would underestimate
  3. will underestimate
  4. have underestimated

2) If the yield _________ up from 2.1 percent, it would have been the highest average yield since 1854.

  1. would go
  2. has gone
  3. will go
  4. had gone

3) They will import 250,000 more cars a year if international quotas set by the ministry ______ lifted.

  1. are
  2. be
  3. will be
  4. have been

4) If the government __________ an import fee, as it has threatened to do for years, prices of consumer goods will increase by at least 10 percent.

  1. will impose
  2. imposes
  3. has imposed
  4. is imposing

5. Their monetary unit _________ strong if they did something about their deficit.

  1. would be
  2. can be
  3. should be
  4. will be

6. If there had been benefits, such as options for savings and stocks, I __________ applying for the position.

  1. could consider
  2. considering
  3. would have considered
  4. will be considering

7) If the wage parity agreement _________ approved, there might be a big problem.

  1. was not
  2. is not
  3. had not been
  4. will not be

8) The boss will offer James a huge promotion if he ________ to be more punctual.

  1. will learn
  2. had learned
  3. should learn
  4. were learning

9) This purchase __________ a poor decision if it had been made for investment purposes only.

  1. would have been
  2. would be
  3. may be
  4. was

10) If he had taken this particular train as was arranged for him in the original itinerary, he ________ on time for the meeting.

  1. arrives
  2. was arriving
  3. would have arrived
  4. arrived

YouTube

PDF

Conditionals

TOEIC: Causative Verbs

Causative verbs show that someone or something made a certain action happen.  The most common causative verbs are get, make, and have.  Verbs like order, cause, force, and want can also be causative verbs.  They are followed by noun clauses.

  • If the direct object of the causative verbs make, have, and let perform the action, the simple (base) form of a verb is used.
  • If the direct object of other causative verbs (such as get, want, order, cause, etc.) perform the action, to plus the simple (base) form of a verb is used.
  • If the direct object of the causative verb receives the action, the past participle form of a verb is used.
  1. Example: He had the secretary sign for the package.
  2. Example II: He ordered everyone to leave the room.
  3. Example: III: We will want the invoices returned at once.

 

  1. In the future, the company will not let its part-time and temporary employees _______ overtime.
  1. to work
  2. be working
  3. worked
  4. work

2) Despite 20 years of success, the financial stress and burden of the sudden recession made the partnership _________.

  1. fail
  2. to fail
  3. failed
  4. to be failed

3) The firm wants its product __________ safely and in a timely manner; otherwise it will seek an alternative shipper.

  1. package
  2. be packaged
  3. packaged
  4. packaging

4) All employees were able to get their pay checks ___________ before the power outage closed the banks.

  1. deposits
  2. deposited
  3. depositing
  4. be deposited

5) The severe weather conditions in the airplane regions forced the airlines _________ all outgoing flights and diver incoming planes.

  1. cancelling
  2. to cancel
  3. cancel
  4. canceled

6) I received a text message from Takeshi yesterday, and it mentioned that they had the equipment ___________ yesterday.

  1. shipped
  2. ship
  3. was shipped
  4. was being shipped

7) Before Annie ran out for a meeting yesterday, she had Ms. Brunelli _________ the new clear around the premises. 

  1. show
  2. showed
  3. showing
  4. was showed

8) The increase in layoffs over the past two fiscal periods has caused everyone ___________ less secure.

  1. feels
  2. felt
  3. was felt
  4. to feel

9) What company besides ours would make its employees __________ overtime on a national holiday?

  1. will be working
  2. worked
  3. be working
  4. work

10) A wise consumer gets his or her phone order __________ in writing before submitting payment.

  1. confirming
  2. confirms
  3. confirmed
  4. confirm

 

YouTube

PDF

TOEIC – Verbs – Causative

 

TOEIC Grammar: Conditionals (For My Students Around The World)

Conditionals

 

Type 0 General truth

If-clause (hypothesis)

Main clause (result)

Use

If + present simple

Present simple

If the temperature falls below 0 C, water turns into ice.

Type 1 Real present

If + present simple, present perfect or can

future/ imperative can/may/might/must/should/ could/have to + bare infinitive

real – likely to happen in the present or future

If he doesn’t pay the fine, he will go to prison.
If you need help, come and see me.
If you have finished your work, we can have a break. If you’re ever in the area, you should come and visit us.

Type 2 Unreal present

If + past simple (were)

would/could/should + bare infinitive

imaginary situation contrary to facts in the present; also used to give advice

If I had time, I would take up a sport.
(but I don’t have time – untrue in the present)
If I were you, I would talk to my parents about it. (giving advice)

Type 3 Unreal past

If + past perfect (had +PII)

would/should/could + have + PII

imaginary situation contrary to facts in the past; also used to express regrets or criticism

If she had studied harder, she would have passed the test.

Conditional clauses consist of two parts: the if-clause (hypothesis) and the main clause (result). When the if-clause comes before the main clause, the two clauses are separated with a comma. When the main clause comes before the if-clause, then no comma is necessary.

Example: If I see Tim, I’ll give him his book.

I’ll give Tim his book if I see him.

 

YouTube Video

Mongolia – The Unspoken Country

As I turned right heading out of the elevator during my lunch break, I wanted to check the geolocation of my podcast listeners, which always throws me off seeing who tunes in.

Topped at number 3 on the chart, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia.

*Jaw Dropped*

You’ve got to be kidding me!

I ran into my class where one of my students were preparing for an IELTS examination – completely elated and ecstatic beyond comprehension….SHOUTING AWAY!

This country, which has always been an infatuation within me, is now listening to my podcast.  PEOPLE IN MONGOLIA are now listening to my podcast.

This is a country whereas their average winter low temperatures plummet to an unspeakable -40 C.

A country that’s so remarkably rich in culture; a culture preserved since the Genghis Khan era.

These are the types of unknown territories which our parents, from a very young age, would tell us NOT to go to.  I remember sitting at a brunch table at Jerry’s Nugget during brunch in May of 09, breaking the news about buying a ticket to Australia and my brother erupted in furious anger, “WHY THE HELL ARE YOU GOING TO AUSTRALIA?!”

At the time I didn’t know why, but then realize there was something outside the borders of America calling my name.  It was freedom.

Mongolia, being one of the most remote and not-talked about countries on the globe, is my ultimate destination.  If I can make visitable a word (as it’s not showing up with the red dotted lines beneath it – so perhaps it is), May-August (maybe even just June and July) are the only months I could practically visit.  Snow falls at the end of September!

Another sign was listening to a 7 minute recording about the rich, cultural nature of Mongolians singing in front of a fire while teaching one of my students.  This is almost unheard of around the world….countries preserving such unique cultures such as Mongolia.

The same itch of wanting to travel to Mongolia came at the hands of the second worst earthquake in the history of Japan back in the mid-1990’s.  17 years later, I visited Japan.  I had a Singaporean friend 7 years ago and developed that itch of traveling there….5 years later – BOOM!

Now, this would be the biggest accomplishment in the history of my family if I can get to the capitol of Ulaanbaatar and get the visa stamp (although I don’t speak to my family); also, the message it could send to all African Americans worldwide who think small.  I love experiences, and the more I have, the greater and more inspiring the story becomes.

It’s time.