Welcome back to another TOEFL iTP reading! I see my blog exploding in so many ways, along with my YouTube videos and podcasts…so I’m doubling down on my blogs, videos, and podcasts with TOEFL iTP. So, today is the susceptibility to catching colds! Here’s the reading and questions down below.
Another critical factor that plays a part in susceptibility to colds is age. A study done by the University of Michigan School of Public Health revealed particulars that seem to hold true for the general population. Infants are the most cold-ridden group, averaging more than six colds in their first year. Boys have more colds than girls up to age three. After the age of three, girls are more susceptible than boys, and teenage girls average three colds a year to boys’ two.
The general incidence of colds continues to decline into maturity. Elderly people who are in good health have as few as one or two colds annually one exception is found among people in their twenties, especially women, who show a rise in cold infections, because people in this age group are most likely to have young children. Adult who delay having children until their thirties and forties experience the same sudden increase in cold infections.
The study also found that economics plays an important role. As income increases, the frequency at which colds are reported in the family decreases. Families with the lowest income suffer about a third more colds than families at the upper end. Lower income generally forces people to live in more cramped quarters than those typically occupied by wealthier people, and crowding increases the opportunities for the cold virus to travel from person to person. Low income may also adversely influence diet. The degree to which poor nutrition affects susceptibility to colds is not yet clearly established, but an inadequate diet is suspected of lowering resistance generally. Bruce Rogers pbt toefl
- The paragraph that precedes this passage most probably deals with
- minor diseases other than colds
- the recommended treatment of colds
- a factor that affects susceptibility to colds
- methods of preventing colds among elderly people
2. Which of the following is closest in meaning to the word “particulars“?
- minor errors
- specific facts
- small distinctions
- individual people
3. What does the author claim about the study discussed in the passage?
- it contains many inconsistencies
- it specialized in children
- it contradicts the results of earlier studies in the field
- its results apparently are relevant for the population as a whole.
4. It may be inferred from the passage that which of the following groups of people is most likely to catch colds?
- infant boys
- young girls
- teenage boys
- elderly women
5. There is information in the second paragraph of the passage to support which of the following conclusions?
- men are more susceptible to colds than women
- children infect their parents with colds
- people who live in a cold climate have more colds than those who live in a warm one
- people who don’t have children are more susceptible to colds than those who do
6. The phrase “people in this age group”
- people in their twenties
- people in their thirties and forties
- elderly people
7. The author’s main purpose in writing the last paragraph of the passage was to
- explain how cold viruses are transmitted
- prove that a poor diet causes colds
- discuss the relationship between income and frequency of colds
- discuss the distribution of income among the people in the study
8. The word “cramped” means…
9. The author’s tone in this passage could best be described as
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