TOEFL iTP | Reading | Vocabulary Questions | Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo

We are back with a high-octane TOEFL iTP Reading! And in today’s question for understanding context, I have bigger vocabulary terms, prior knowledge, and energy. Get your popcorn ready!

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TOEFL iTP | Reading | Vocabulary Questions | Supernova

We’re back with some more vocabulary questions! As you may already know, I upload podcasts just 4 times a week now because I’m focusing on bigger projects, nor do I believe I need to upload so often. So, I hope you’re enjoying the schedule so you have time to digest each episodes! And in saying that, let’s dive in!

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A supernova occurs when all of the hydrogen in the core of a huge star is transformed to iron and explodes. All stars die after their nuclear fuel has been exhausted. Stars with little mass die gradually, but those with relatively large mass die in a sudden explosion, a supernova. The sudden flash of light can then be followed by several weeks of extremely bright light, perhaps as much light as twenty million stars.

            Supernovas are not very common; they occur about once every hundred years in any galaxy, and in 1987 a supernova that could be seen by the naked eye occurred in the Magellan Cloud, a galaxy close to the Milky Way. Scientists periodically detect supernovae in other galaxies; however, no supernovae have occurred in the Milky Way (the galaxy that includes the Earth) since 1604. One very impressive supernova occurred in the Milky Way on July 4, 1054. There was a great explosion followed by three months of lighted skies, and historical chronicles of the time were full of accounts and unusual explanations for the misunderstood phenomenon – many people believed that it meant that the world was coming to an end.

  1. A “supernova” in line 1 is which of the following?
  1. The iron component of a star
  2. The core of a star
  3. The hydrogen in a star
  4. Th explosion of a star
  • According to the passage, which of the following best describes the “Magellan Cloud” in line 7?
  1. A galaxy inside the Milky Way
  2. A cloud composed of Hydrogen
  3. A galaxy near the Earth’s galaxy
  4. A cloud in the sky above the Earth
  • The Milky Way in line 9 is
  1. Part of the earth
  2. A galaxy close to the earth
  3. The galaxy that is home to the earth
  4. A creamy-colored cloud in the sky
  • Which of the following is closest in meaning to “phenomenon” in line 12?
  1. Everyday occurrence
  2. Misunderstood event
  3. Common belief
  4. Unusual occurrence

TOEFL iTP | Reading | The Coelacanth Fish

We’re back! It’s been SOOO LONG since I’ve done one of these, but it has reemerged from the dead! So many of my Mexicans and Indonesians have checked out my blog over the past 2 years, and the numbers continue to climb. So, I wanted to come back and do more!

The TOEFL iTP Reading, Listening and Grammar courses are available down below in the links, if you’re interested!

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Unlike these fish, which are actually extinct, the coelacanth is a type of fish that was believed to be extinct. However, an unexpected twentieth-century rediscovery of living coelacanths has brought about a reassessment of the status of this prehistoric sea creature that was believed to have long since disappeared from the Earth.

            From fossil remains of the coelacanth, paleontologists have determined that the coelacanth was in existence around 350 million years ago, during the Paleozoic Era, more than 100 million years before the first dinosaurs arrived on Earth. The most recent fossilized coelacanths date from around 70 million years ago, near the end of the Mesozoic Era and near the end of the age of dinosaurs. Because no fossilized remnants of coelacanths from the last 70 million years have been found, the coelacanth was believed to have died out around the same time as the dinosaurs.

            The prehistoric coelacanth studied by paleontologists had distinctive characteristics that differentiated it from other fish. It was named for its hollow spine and was known to have been a powerful carnivore because of its sharp teeth many and a special joint in the skull that allowed the ferocious teeth to move in coordination with the lower jaw. It also had a pair of fins with unusual bony and muscular development that allowed the coelacanth to dart around the ocean floor. These fins also enable the coelacanth to search out prey trying to hide on the ocean bottom.

            In 1938, a living specimen of the coelacanth was discovered in the catch of a fishing boat off the coast of South Africa, and since then, numerous other examples of the coelacanth have been found in the waters of the Indian Ocean. This modern version of the coelacanth is not exactly the same as its prehistoric cousin. Today’s coelacanth is larger than its prehistoric relative, measuring up to six feet in length and weighing up to 150 pounds. However, the modern version of the coelacanth still possesses the characteristic hollow spine and distinctive fins with their unusual bony and muscular structure.

  1. The passage is about a fish
  1. That is extinct
  2. That once was extinct
  3. That is becoming extinct
  4. That, surprisingly, is not extinct

  1. 1. It can be inferred from the passage that the first dinosaurs most likely appeared on Earth around
  1. 150 million years ago.
  2. 250 million years ago.
  3. 350 million years ago.
  4. 450 million years ago.

  1. Coelacanths were believed to have died out after existing for
  1. 70 million years
  2. 140 million years
  3. 280 million years
  4. 350 million years
  • It can be inferred from the passage that the word coelacanth comes from the Greek for
  1. Extinct fish
  2. Hollow spine
  3. Sharp teeth
  4. Bony fingers
  • What is stated in the passage about the prehistoric coelacanth?
  1. It was a rather feeble fish
  2. It lived on plants
  3. It had a few teeth
  4. It moved its teeth in an unusual way
  • The pronoun “it” refers to
  1. Coelacanth
  2. Joint
  3. Coordination
  4. Jaw
  • According to the passage, why are scientists sure that the prehistoric coelacanth was a flesh-eater?
  1. Because of its hollow spine
  2. Because of the size of the skull
  3. Because of the shape and movement of the teeth
  4. Because of its unusual bony and muscular development
  • How many modern coelacanths have been found?
  1. Only one
  2. Only two
  3. Only a few
  4. Quite a few
  • What is NOT true about the prehistoric coelacanth, according to the passage?

  • It was smaller than the modern coelacanth
  • It measured as much as six feet in length.
  • It weighed less than 150 pounds.
  • It had a hollow spine and distinctive fins.
  1. Which paragraph describes the earlier version of the coelacanth?
  1. The first paragraph
  2. The second paragraph
  3. The third paragraph
  4. The fourth paragraph

Answers in video and podcast down below!

Podcast

TOEFL iBT | Listening | Discussion | Enrollment

We’re back with another fantastic listening exercise for TOEFL! Today’s episode is going to be on enrollment. Remember, make sure you do the listening first (in the podcast down below) before looking at the questions. Here’s my note-taking!

Podcast with Listening

Note-taking

Situation: tried to enroll into field study

already full, had to be put on waiting list

applied for independent study program

can schedule accommodate both: yes

way too busy?

only you know the answer, recommend both if he can manage

more experience and increases learning

+ if one in future, take both now frees up schedule

Decide, take on too much make equate to poor performance

Go with class that is waitlisted now

_____

spring course, look into new course in the future

other candidate: lives on same floor

Become good friends, same interest, etc

Tell him about spring course, too

Stay ahead because getting classes is hard

Questions

1 What does this student ask his professor advice about?

  • His future class schedule.
  • How to get a job.
  • How to get good grades.
  • How to pass this class.

2 Which of the following is NOT one of the options that the student is weighing?

  • The field study course.
  • The independent study program.
  • The research program.
  • The student is considering all of the above options.

3 Under what circumstances should the student take both courses?

  • He should take both regardless of the circumstances.
  • He should only take both of them if he gets good grades this semester.
  • He should only take both of them if he thinks he’ll have the time for it.
  • He should only take both of them if he has friends in those courses.

4 Which of the following would be a benefit of the student taking both courses?

  • Freeing up his schedule in the future.
  • Having a lot of extra work to do.
  • There is no benefit to taking both courses.
  • Both A and B.

5 Which of the statements below describes the student’s main concern the best?

  • The student feels unsure if either of the classes is a match for his interests.
  • The student is afraid of taking on more work than he can cope with.
  • The student wants to gain insights about both classes from the professor.
  • The student wishes he could have a partner to do the same class with.

Answers on next page

TOEFL Listening | Discussion | Interdisciplinary Program

Welcome back, everyone! We’re back with uploads, and you can either work from the bottom up or star from the top and work towards the bottom. In today’s segment, we have a discussion — Interdisciplinary Program. I believe you guys will do well in this, so let me know how it goes!

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