TOEFL iBT | Integrated Essay | The 40/60 Rule

We’re back with an amazing TOEFL iBT Membership Sneak Peek. In today’s episode, I have a wonderful Venezuelan dentist who submitted her Integrated task, and I’m here to help her in putting the structure together. So, because she had received a 17 in her writing, being the lowest of all bands, I was a bit nervous to see her writing. However, after seeing it, I know exactly why she received a low score, and it’s because she didn’t use the 40/60 rule. Tune in!

TOEFL iBT | Speaking Evaluation | Speaking Q2 | Sculpture Class

Let this be a dose of self-awareness for a lot of you out there who are probably making the same mistake in regards to your speaking sections. My wonderful student, who I’m coaching, sent me one of her speaking evaluations.  Now, because it wasn’t up to par, I walk her through the entire process, break it down, show what she said, and gave her a huge amount of suggestions. If you guys are interested in speaking evaluations, let me know!

TOEFL iBT | Listening | Lecture | 1 on 1 Coaching | The Bobo Doll Experiment

We’re here with  PQ Content (Prolific Quality) and in today’s podcast, we’ve got ourselves a cut-out coaching session for you guys! Ange, from the Philippines, wanted to do some listening in her coaching session, and it ended up turning into one of the best I had ever done to this date. You guys can also take notes, prepare your answers, choose which ones and walk with us on this journey of solving. Enjoy! Remember, TOEFL iBT Membership features many more of these, so if you’re interested, make sure you tune in! If you want to practice, listen to the audio in the podcast and then answer the questions down below!

Questions

1 According to social learning theory, how does a child learn aggressive behaviour?

  • Through playing with toys
  • Through their genetics
  • Through learning and interaction
  • All the above

2 What was done to the children who were assigned to the control group?

  • They were subjected to aggressive models
  • They received no treatment
  • They were subjected to non-aggressive models
  • They received both aggressive and nonaggressive models

3 What was an opposite-sex model in the Bobo Doll experiment?

  • The control group had equal number of girls and boys.
  • Boys were exposed to violence committed by an adult female
  • Girls were exposed to violence committed by an adult male
  • Both B and C

4 According to the lecture, which statement was used to describe the experiment?

  • The results of the experiment could be used to generalize a wide variety of situations
  • The experiment was criticized as being unethical
  • The study of behaviour led the psychologist to believe that violence is acceptable.
  • The experiment is considered to be a failure in proving social learning theory

5 From the results observed, what might be the reason for including opposite-sex and same-sex models?

  • To study the implication of gender specific violence
  • To study girls and boys separately
  • To study the differences between men and women
  • The difference in models is just random

6 What was one of the major ideas demonstrated through Bandura’s experiment?

  • Girls behaved less aggressively than boys
  • Children learned aggressive behavior through learning and imitation
  • Control groups were more aggressive than others
  • Aggression was not learned

Answers on next page

TOEFL iBT | Reading | 3 Strategies for Answering ‘Sentence Insertion Questions’

Oh, we’re back! I’m excited about this one because it’s been a long time coming! In this episode, I’ll be teaching you how to answer Sentence Insertion Questions, and if you want the full breakdown, my TOEFL iBT Membership is FREE FOR TWO DAYS! Take advantage of it and check out the other awesome things you have available! Remember to watch my video, too!

Webinar June 19th!

WELCOME, ALL!

Oh, so many of you asked, I’ve delivered. 

In the first-ever TOEFL Speaking Webinar, you guys will learn all the tips and techniques for establishing yourself as a great speaker in question 1. 

Because TOEFL Speaking question 1 is one of the most difficult (especially in developing ideas), it’s crucial to understand the HOW TO, and that’s exactly what you’ll be getting in this phenomenal webinar!

We’ll be covering agre//disagree, preferential questions, and much more — you’ll also have the ability to practice with me, speak, and I’ll be giving you live feedback.  The goal is to have around 5 students for the webinar so that we can have maximum speaking time for each student. This webinar will be a minimum of 1 hour and a maximum 1.5 hours — and don’t worry! After the webinar, you’ll have it for your lifetime!  

Not able to make it? That’s ok! You’ll be able to purchase the webinar after, too! 

In saying that, if you’re interested in other speaking questions, reading (such as the videos I’ve uploaded), listening or writing webinars, let me know!

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TOEFL iTP | Reading | Protecting the Coastline

Welcome back to another TOEFL iTP! We’re on fire with the readings, and you guys love my TOEFL iTP Reading blogs. Remember, on July the 1st, you will be able to preorder my TOEFL iTP Reading Course! Nonetheless, let’s get into this!

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In the first half of the nineteenth century, the U.S. government decided that it needed to set up a system for protecting its coastline. It then began building a series of forts along the coast of the eastern part of the country to facilitate its defenses.

The largest of these forts was Fort Jefferson, which was begun in 1846. This fort was built on Garden Key, a cluster of small coral islands 70 miles west of Key West. At the time of its construction, Fort Jefferson was believed to be of primary strategic importance to the United States because of its location at the entryway to the Gulf of Mexico. Because of its location at the entrance to a great body of water, it became known as the Gibraltar of the Gulf, in reference to the island located at the mouth of the Mediterranean. The fort itself was a massive structure. It was hexagonal in shape, most of the Garden Key, it was approximately half a mile in circumference.

In the latter half of the nineteenth century, during the Civil War and its aftermath, the fort was used as a prison rather than a military installation. The most notorious of its prisoners was Dr. Samuel Mudd, a physician who was most probably innocently involved in the assassination of Abraham Lincoln. The actual assassin, John Wilkes Booth, broke his leg as he lept from the stage of the Ford Theater during the assassination. Dr. Mudd set Booth’s broken leg, unaware of Booth’s involvement in the assassination. As a result of this action, Dr. Mudd was sentenced to life in prison and remanded to Fort Jefferson. He was pardoned after only four years because of his courageous efforts in combatting an epidemic of yellow fever that ravaged the fort.

Continuous use of Fort Jefferson ended in the 1870s, although the U.S. Navy continued with sporadic use of it into the twentieth century. Today, the massive ruins still remain of the tiny island that stands guard over the entrance to the gulf, undisturbed except for the occasional sightseer who ventures out from the coast to visit.

Longman
  1. The passage is mainly about
  • A series of forts
  • A series of events at one fort
  • A single event at one fort
  • A series of events at several forts
  • All of the following are true about Fort Jefferson EXCEPT that
  • It is on an island
  • It was built because of its strategic location
  • It is in the middle of the Gulf of Mexico
  • It has been compared with an island at the opening of the Mediterranean
  • The word “hexagonal” in line 9 is closest in meaning to
  • Six-sided
  • Seven-sided
  • Eight-sided
  • Irregular in shape
  • The pronoun “it” in line 11 refers to
  • Fort
  • Shape
  • Moat
  • Circumference
  • All of the following are stated about Dr. Samuel Mudd EXCEPT that
  • He was a medical doctor
  • He cared for Lincoln’s assassin
  • He was imprisoned at Fort Jefferson
  • He was most likely guilty of Lincoln’s assassination
  • How was Fort Jefferson most likely used in 1865?
  • As a strategic defensive unit of U.S. military
  • As a penal institution
  • As a regularly functioning naval base
  • As a destination for tourists
  • “Yellow fever” in line 19 is most likely
  • an enemy military force
  • a prison regimen
  • a contagious disease
  • a mental illness
  • What is implied about Fort Jefferson today?
  • It is a thriving community.
  • It is a relatively quiet place.
  • It is still in use by the U.S. military.
  • It remains in good condition.
  • Where in the passage does the author describe an injury to the man who shot Lincoln?
  1. Lines 5-7
  2. Lines 13-15
  3. Lines 15-16
  4. Lines 18-19
  1. The information in the passage is presented
  • In chronological order
  • By listing examples of a concept
  • In spatial order
  • By arguing for a hypothesis

Podcast

Answers on next page!

TOEFL iTP | Reading | Electromagnetic Raditation

Let’s get back into another reading! This one is a bit more difficult than the previous one, so you better brace yourself. Again, if anyone is interested in the Structure Course that I’ve launched already, click the link here to gain access to the page! If you buy after June 2nd, it will be $57 but you can purchase the Written Expression (debuts July 1st) for $27 (upsale). Nonetheless, let’s get into it!

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Although only a small percentage of electromagnetic radiation that is emitted by the Sun is ultraviolet (UV) radiation, the amount that is emitted would be enough to cause severe damage to most forms of life on Earth were it all to reach the surface of the Earth. Fortunately, all of the Sun’s ultraviolet radiation does not reach the Earth because of a layer of oxygen, called the ozone layer, encircling the Earth in the stratosphere at an altitude of about 15 miles above the Earth. The ozone layer absorbs much of the Sun’s ultraviolet radiation and prevents it from reaching the Earth.

Ozone is a form of oxygen in which each molecule consists of three atoms (O3) instead of the two atoms (O2) usually found in an oxygen molecule. Ozone forms in the stratosphere in a process that is initiated by ultraviolet radiation from the Sun. UV radiation from the Sun splits oxygen molecules with two atoms into free oxygen atoms, and each of these unattached oxygen atoms then joins up with an oxygen molecule to form ozone. UV radiation is also capable of splitting up ozone molecules; thus, ozone is constantly forming, splitting, and reforming, it is unable to reach Earth and cause damage there.

Recently, however, the ozone layer over parts of the Earth has been diminishing. Chief among the culprits in the case of the disappearing ozone, those that are really responsible, are the chloroflurocarbons (CFCs). CFCs meander up from Earth into the stratosphere, where they break down and release chlorine. The released chlorine reacts with ozone in the stratosphere to form chlorine monoxide (ClO) and Oxygen (O2). The chlorine then becomes free to go through the cycle over and over again. One chlorine atom can, in fact, destroy hundreds of thousands of ozone molecules in this repetitious cycle, and the effects of this destructive process are now becoming evident.

Longman
  1. According to the passage, ultraviolet radiation from the Sun
  1. Is causing severe damage to the Earth’s ozone layer
  2. Is only a fraction of the Sun’s electromagnetic radiation
  3. Creates electromagnetic radiation
  4. Always reaches the Earth
  • The word “encircling” in Line 5 is closest in meaning to
  1. Rotating
  2. Attacking
  3. Raising
  4. Surrounding
  • It is stated in the passage that the ozone layer
  1. Enables ultraviolet radiation to reach the Earth
  2. Reflects ultraviolet radiation
  3. Shields the earth from a lot of ultraviolet radiation
  4. Reaches down to the Earth
  • According to the passage, an ozone molecule
  1. Consists of three oxygen molecules
  2. Contains more oxygen atoms than the usual oxygen molecule does
  3. Consists of two oxygen atoms
  4. Contains the same number of atoms as the usual oxygen molecule
  • The word “free” in line 10 could best be replaced by
  1. Liberal
  2. Gratuitous
  3. Unconnected
  4. Emancipated
  • Ultraviolet radiation causes oxygen molecules to
  1. Rise to the stratosphere
  2. Burn up ozone molecules
  3. Split up and form as ozone
  4. Reduce the number of chloroflurocarbons
  • The pronoun “it” in line 13 refers to
  1. Radiation
  2. Process
  3. Formation
  4. Damage
  • The word “culprits” in line 16 closest in meaning to which of the following?
  1. Guilty parties
  2. Detectives
  3. Group members
  4. Leaders
  • According to the passage, what happens after a chlorine molecule reacts with an ozone molecule?
  1. The ozone breaks down into three oxygen atoms.
  2. Two different molecules are created
  3. The two molecules combine into one molecule.
  4. Three distinct molecules result
  1. Where in the passage does the author explain how much damage chlorine can do?
  1. Lines 1-3
  2. Lines 12-14
  3. Lines 18-19
  4. Lines 20-22
  1. The paragraph following the passage most likely discusses
  1. The negative results of the cycle of ozone destructions
  2. Where chloroflurocarbons (CFCs) come from
  3. The causes of the destruction of ozone molecules
  4. How electromagnetic radiation is created

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Podcast

Answers on Next page!

TOEFL iBT | Speaking Q3 | Membership Exclusive | Full Tutorial

Here’s a full tutorial on the speaking question 3! I have two different variations here (easy question and hard question), as well as how to write your reading introduction, the transition, and what language to use throughout your speaking question. Speaking questions 1, 2, and 4 are available on my TOEFL iBT Membership, and if you sign up, you get a free two-day trial (two free evaluations) and you can submit the second speaking question in this video! Follow my ESL Podcast Page on IG and I’ll be seeing you there!

Podcast

TOEFL iBT | Speaking Q3 | 1 on 1 Coaching | Negativity Bias: Amazing Note-taking!

Here it is! No more excuses about “I can’t take notes.” This one is going to help you in more ways than one because my wonderful Moroccan student was able to, with handwriting, jot down a massive amount of notes and categorize them. Let’s dive into it!

TOEFL iTP | Intermediate – Reading | Herman Melville

Welcome back, everyone! We have another TOEFL iTP Reading, and because I have a solid three days, I’m going to try to create as many videos for the month of June as possible. Nonetheless, if you don’t already know, the TOEFL iTP Structure course is launching June 1st and you can get it for more than 50% off for a limited time offer. Click here to go to the landing page and explore what lessons are on there to decide if it would be of good use to you!

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Reading

Herman Melville, an American author best known today for his novel Moby Dick, was actually more popular during his lifetime for some of his other works. He traveled extensively and used the knowledge gained during his travels as the basis for his early novels. In 1837, at the age of eighteen, Melville signed as a cabin boy on a merchant ship that was to sail from his Massachusetts home to Liverpool, England. His experiences on the trip served as the basis for the novel Redburn (1849). In 1941, Melville set out on a whaling ship headed for the South Seas. After jumping ship in Tahiti, he wandered around the islands of Tahiti and Moorea. This South Sea island sojourn was a backdrop to the novel Omoo (1847). After three years away from home, Melville joined up with a U.S. naval frigate that was returning to the eastern United States around Cape Horn. The novel White-Jacket (1850) describes this lengthy voyage as a navy seaman.

With the publication of these early adventure novels, Melville developed a strong and loyal following among readers eager for his tales of exotic places and situations. However, in 1851, with the publication of Moby Dick, Melville’s popularity started to diminish. Moby Dick, on one level the saga of the hunt for the great white whale, was also a heavily symbolic allegory of the heroic struggle of humanity against the universe. The public was not ready for Melville’s literary metamorphosis from romantic adventure to philosophical symbolism. It is ironic that the novel that served to diminish Melville’s popularity during his lifetime is one for which he is best known today.

Longman
  • The main subject of the passage is
  1. Melville’s travels
  2. The popularity of Melville’s novels
  3. Melville’s personal background
  4. Moby Dick
  • According to the passage, Melville’s early novels were
  1. Published while he was traveling
  2. Completely fictional
  3. All about his work on whaling ships
  4. Based on his travels
  • In what year did Melville’s book about his experiences as a cabin boy appear?
  1. 1837
  2. 1841
  3. 1847
  4. 1849
  • The word “basis” in line 5 is closest in meaning to
  1. Foundation
  2. Message
  3. Bottom
  4. Theme
  • The passage implies that Melville stayed in Tahiti because
  1. He had unofficially left his ship
  2. He was on leave while his ship was in port
  3. He had finished his term of duty
  4. He had received permission to take a vacation in Tahiti
  • A “frigate” in line 8 is probably
  1. An office
  2. A ship
  3. A troop
  4. A train
  • How did the publication of Moby Dick affect Melville’s
  1. His popularity increased immediately
  2. It had no effect on his popularity
  3. It caused his popularity to decrease
  4. His popularity remained as strong as ever
  • According to the passage, Moby Dick is
  1. A romantic adventure
  2. A single-faceted work
  3. A short story about a whale
  4. Symbolic of humanity fighting the environment
  • The word “metamorphosis” in line 15 is closest in meaning to
  1. Circle
  2. Change
  3. Mysticism
  4. Descent
  1. The passage would most likely be an assigned reading course on
  1. Nineteenth-century novels
  2. American history
  3. Oceanography
  4. Modern America literature

Podcast

Answers on next page!

TOEFL iTP Structure Course Is Now Available!

We’re here! June 1st! And happy June 1st to all!

The day has come. The Structure part of the TOEFL iTP is now available for everyone, and with just under 18 hours, you can get it at a 50% discounted rate — $27 dollars!

“Arsenio, but what does it include?”

Glad you asked.

  • 22 lessons
  • 22 videos (4-6 more will come and added lessons)
  • word documents (downloadable) and exercises at the end of my video
  • mini-test
  • final structure test
  • videos upon request for the testing videos
  • separate modules

There’s SO MUCH to be had within this course that covers all areas of grammar that you’re possibly having difficulty with.

And there’s even more! Today is the pre-sale launch date for the Written Expression portion of the test, which you can also get for $27 for the remainder of the month, leading up to its launch on July 1st!

Are you ready to get that score? Look no further!

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