Here’s a pre-investment podcast — podcast — for all of you out there. I came across a very informational video that brought the spotlight on my money and finances, especially over the year. As you probably know, shutdowns had begun early last year and the majority of the world was caught-off-guard, including me. So, instead of being proactive, I was reactive. I didn’t have an emergency fund of 3-6 months worth of rent saved up. I didn’t have travel expenses saved up, or even the stipend for a pretty expensive visa. So, I had to work in overdrive to cover expenses and that was three months of stress.
After watching this video and in the midst of the second shutdown, I’m very excited about the “how to” save for a rainy day. Tune into the podcast before we dive into the beginning stages of investing!
We’re back with a pretty good one today. I’ve always been intrigued by the Bronze Age, and today is going to be a lecture on it! Are you ready for some note-taking and answering of questions? Again, view the blog (if you’re reading this on Facebook) on page 2 (down below if you’re reading this on the blog) to check your answers!
Bronze popular item to trade
trade commerce, learned that 3k years ago between med sea was popular
other materials out of bronze, including glass
excavation in egypt on Nile, discovered ancient glass factory
importing unfinished, not true
Meso region consisting of middle Eastern countries
glass in Meso, oldest glass comes from
two productions: first stage — discs of raw glass
second, melted raw glass, discs, and created objects
Several processes involved, took corts, crushed it.
Then, mixed it with plant ash
ashes left after you burn plant material
low temperature in small containers like jars that were made out of clay
grassy material grounded into powder and die to color
Once cooled, broke the molds
inside were discs
Discs were reheated
shaped into decorative objects
Most common: beads
Imitating precious stones
looked liek pearls and emeralds and difficult to distinguish
created vessels with narrow necks
probably valuable so not common to hold common food items
mostly red, used copper
any glass was popular, red bottles owned by thee wealthy
so difficult to make, mysterious, produced for royal family
beautiful objects made great gifts
strengthen political alliances
exporting glass, too
mutual trade with Meso because it was usually white or yellow
two white discs for two red discs
What is the lecture mainly about
Different types of glass objects made by Egyptians
Whether Egyptians or Mesopotamians were the first to make glass
The history of glass production
New information about glass making and the use in ancient Egypt
2 What is the process for making glass disks? Put the steps below in the correct order
a. Glass-like material is ground up and dyed blue or red.
b. Powdered material is heated at very high temperatures
c. Crushed quartz and plant ash are heated at low temperatures.
d. Containers are broken to remove glass disks.
3 What is the importance of the archaeological evidence recently found in Egypt?
It supports the theory that ancient Mesopotamians imported glass from ancient Egypt.
It shows that ancient Mesopotamians were producing raw glass.
It proves that ancient Egyptians imported glass from Mesopotamia.
It shows that ancient Egyptians were able to produce raw glass.
4 Using raw glass and the glass disks, what were the Egyptians able to create?
5 What are two kinds of glass objects that were valued in ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia?
6 According to the professor, what are two reasons why ancient Egyptians exported glass? Click on 2 answers
To acquire stones such as emeralds and pearls from other countries
Welcome back to the first-ever edition of TOEFL iBT Lecture! I’ve obviously done the discussions before, but it’s time for the wondrous lectures…and in today’s lecture, we have a summer-trip. Two people discussing details of a trip…but how are you doing to be able to take notes throughout the lecture? Listen to my notes in the podcast (or notes on video) and let’s answer these questions!
Planning trip for children to New York
Concern – transportation — lodging figured out
How will the get there
Budget restrictions? — the less the better
Train, buses, or just flying
Flying most expensive but quickest
Rule that one out
Nervous parents because kids haven’t flown before
Buses are usual and they have taken them alot
train is exciting
parents won’t worry about trains
trains are faster
bus at mercy of traffic
Bus you can stop whenever you want
train won’t allow stopping
kids have to get up and run around a while
How many children — 60
Split them into two groups: choose or assign them. One group take bus, other take train
Why does the student speak with the event director?
to get permission to host an event
to ask questions about working in the event direction division
to discuss a trip that she’s planning for children
to learn more about the various events that happen
2. Which of the following is NOT an option that the student lists for travel?
driving personal cars
taking the train
taking the bus
taking an airplane
3. Which of the following is an advantage of taking the bus?
the bus might get caught up in traffic
the bus can make stops whenever necessary
the bus is something exciting that kids are not accustomed to
the bus is free
4. What course of action does the student settle on thanks to the event director?
the student decides that they will all take the train
the student decides that they will all take the bus
the student decides that half of the students will take the bus and half will take the train
the student decides to cancel the trip and plan something else instead
5. Why does the student think that the option of flying should be ruled out?
she knows that many kids come from families that can’t afford expensive means of travel
she feels the parents might get anxious because many kids have no experience with flying
she believes there are better ways than flying to make use of the trip’s budget
she considers flying unnecessary since there’s no rush involved at any point during the trip
Welcome back to another TOEFL iBT Listening! Because the podcast on Beluga Whales has done extremely well, I decided to do another for you, follow by listening tips for success and a reading test! So we have an action-packed week of TOEFL coming up beginning today and going through the beginning of next week. In saying that, let’s get into it!
Process of which rural to urban/industrial
more and more move, cities got bigger and bigger
Why did they want to live there?
No need for them before factories because most people just farmed
1800s — inventors came up with machines of mass production
transformed agriculture, less human activity
people flocked to factories
Foreign countries and largest boom in immigration
fair share of positives and negatives
To house them, cheap building thrown up overnight
crowded and unhealthy — proper access to water, clean air, sanitsation
sickness and disease
new form — rise in crime
strong anti-immigrant feelings -=- strong racial biases and hate crimes
More opportunities, pay is higher in cities
Improvements to roads and businesses, transportation, subways, public trains
mass expansion of museums, libraries and theatres
revelation that public health mattered
first-large scale hospitals
As a result of massive movement
some of americas greatest cities: hundreds of new cities were born, New York 1.5 million and doubled to 5 million
Chi town – 300k people to 3 million people
Why cities had a tough time keeping up with growth
Most people live in urban landscapes
cities are much different: hospitals, libraries, parks, after 100 years, now we have policies
In what ways do we wstill need to grow, making same mistakes as a hundred years ago
Who’s ready for this year’s tournament? You guys are going to LOVE this.
In the link down below, there are a series of question for you to sign up for this month’s TOEFL tournament.
In the tournament, you will immediately start off in the quarterfinal round and you’ll be writing against someone else. So, it could be someone from Brazil vs. someone from Denmark. Whoever writes the best Independent Essay, moves onto the next round (semifinals). In the semifinals, you will be given an integrated task. And like the quarterfinals, whoever writes the best integrated tasks moves onto the finals. In the finals you will submit a package of four speaking questions (all materials will be provided by me) and the winner gets a free, 4-hour package of coaching (valued at $160 USD)!
Loser of the quarterfinals gets 2 speaking question evaluations.
Loser of the semifinals gets 1 free hour of coaching and 1 independent essay/integrated essay review.
So, WHO’S UP FOR THE TASK? Sign up today!
For your information, I will be making videos to grade your essays, speaking tasks, etc. This is all part of the process, but your name won’t be used. If you don’t want your voice or essay being used on video/audio, this tournament won’t be for you. But remember, it’s just a voice/write-up…no one will know WHO YOU ARE! Ha! Let’s go!
Welcome to the first-ever TOEFL iBT Reading section! If you guys are reading this on my blog, the podcast and video are down below. If you’re reading this on Spotify, thank you so much for supporting my podcast! If you’re reading this on Facebook, welcome to the live show! In today’s episode, we’re going to go over the 2 first types of reading questions on TOEFL iBT and how to navigate your way through them. I know quite a few of you have difficulty with specific ones, so I’ll cover all of them individually. Let’s kick this off.
A Reference question is the type of reading question that will take you less than 30 seconds to read both the question and all the options. Also, this is probably the easiest TOEFL reading question type. Especially if you follow the strategies from this lesson, you will almost always get the question right!
Let’s look at an example:
 Many millions of years after ferns evolved (but long before the Hawaiian Islands were born from the sea), another kind of flora evolved on Earth: the seed-bearing plants. This was a wonderful biological invention. The seed has an outer coating that surrounds the genetic material of the new plant, and inside this covering is a concentrated supply of nutrients. Thus the seed’s chances of survival are greatly enhanced over those of the naked spore.
The word “This” in paragraph 2 refers to:
the spread of ferns and mosses in Hawaii
the creation of the Hawaiian Islands
the evolution of ferns
the development of plants that produce seeds
As you can see, in a reference question, you will see a word, usually a pronoun highlighted in the passage. You are asked what the highlighted word refers to. If it’s a pronoun then you need to identify what word the pronoun is replacing.
Here are highlighted words you might be asked about:
Subject pronoun: it, they
Object pronoun: it, them
Demonstrative pronoun: these, those, this, that
Possessive adjectives: its, their
Other reference words: the former, the latter, one, ones, another, other, others
Now, it is important to remember that you don’t need a full understanding of the passage in order to solve this question type. You just need to study the context surrounding the word. Usually, you just read the sentence where the highlighted word is mentioned, and then read a few sentences that come before it.
Next, you need to analyze the sentence structure and find out the answer.
Yay! We’re just shy of the New Year, and I just want to quickly update you guys that there’s a (buy 1 get 1 free) buddy deal from December 25th-31st. This means if you want online coaching, you can bring another friend — free of charge. Take advantage of this because price increases begin in January!
Now, onto the podcast. There’s a lot to cover, and because I’m uploading this in advance, I’m making a prediction of 96 for Paula’s TOEFL score on December 20th. I will edit and write the score down below. She wants just an 80, but I hate lowering expectations.
In addition to that, this podcast is about how you focus on the ramble instead of the substance. Very critical for a lot of you out there.
Update: She got a 24 in reading and 28 in listening, making that 52 out of the 80 points she needs. She’s currently waiting on her speaking and writing score.
Welcome to another Patreon special! For every essay my students submit, they get a video response. In this video, I talk about many parts of the essay and how she can improve her essay leading up to her TOEFL test in about 4 hours. Hear the breakdown!
In this episode, you’re going to hear me speak about her rhythm and how it sounded a bit unnatural at the beginning. In addition to that, she had spent 19 seconds on the reading/introduction before going into the talk. This is a big NO NO because you’re being graded based on what you hear and what you report, not the reading or introduction. Keep that in mind. On a positive note, her paraphrasing was good and linkers were spot on. She needs to allocate the right time for all phases of the talk because in the end it sounded a bit rushed.
In this speaking question, you’re going to hear her use some colloquial language, stumbles over multi-syllable words, and make other minor errors. Keep in mind, this was her speaking test at the beginning of my course. I’ll have to upload the before-and-after later but listen to my feedback.