TOEFL iBT | Part 4 Question | Speaking | Coevolution | How to Take Notes

Welcome back to another TOEFL, everyone! In today’s segment, we’re going to learn how to take notes throughout the audio. Now, some are very long and some are short, but when it comes to the Part IV question, it’s much easier than Part III. So, I’m going to show you how to take notes (watch my video and listen to the podcast) and what you see down below are the notes I took on the video. So make sure you listen to the audio so you can piece them together.

two species affect each other

extreme example of mutualism

flowers/humming birds have evolved

nectar

color suited to vision

shape perfect size

high volume of nectar

meets energy requirements

blooming time – breeding season coincides

ants and trees

trees have something that ants live in / substance in food

ants attack plant-eating insects

two species rely on one another for survival

Mybesttest

Listening Transcript

Okay! so we said that coevolution happens when two species reciprocally affect each other’s evolution. In fact, coevolution is an extreme example of mutualism. For example, honey birds and bird pollinating flowers have evolved a mutualistic relationship. The flower has nectar suited to the bird’s diet, the color suited to the bird’s vision and the shape is a perfect size for the bird’s beak. Bird pollinating flowers usually have a higher volume of nectar pollinated by insects. This meets the birds’ high energy requirements. Therefore, the blooming time of bird pollinating flowers usually coincides with honey bird’s breeding season.

Another example of coevolution can be found in Acacia ants and Acacia trees. The Acacia trees have large hulking trunks that Acacia ants live in. The tree makes a substance that can be used by the ants as food, while the ants defend trees from herbivores by attacking plant-eating insects and other plants competing for sunlight. So…ultimately, in this relationship of co-evolution, two species rely on one other for survival, while reciprocally affecting each other’s evolution.

TOEFL iTP | Grammar | Structure & Written Expression | Parallel Structure Sentence Break Downs

We’re back with the sentence break downs of parallel structures! This is the follow up from ______________.

  1. Frozen orange juice must be packed, _______________, and stored when the fruit is ripe.
  • be frozen
  • must be frozen
  • frozen
  • it must be frozen

2. Sioux is a North American Indian language that is spoken not only ______________ Sioux but also by the Crow and Osage tribes.

  • by the
  • the
  • do the
  • and the

3. In 1900 electrically powered cars were more popular than gasoline powered cars because they were quiet, operated smoothly, and ________________.

  • handled easily
  • easy of handling
  • handling easily
  • easy to handle

4. Roger Williams was a clergyman, _______________ the colony of Rhode Island, and an outspoken advocate of religious and political freedom.

  • founded
  • the founder of
  • was the founder of
  • he founded

5. Paint can be applied to a surface with rollers, _____________, or spray guns.

  • brushes
  • brushes can be used
  • with brushes
  • by brush

6. The use of labor-saving devices in homes, _____________, and factories added to the amount of leisure time people had.

  • at an office
  • used in offices
  • offices
  • in offices

7. A dulcimer can be played by either striking its string with a hammer or ______________.

  • to pluck them with the fingers
  • fingers are used to pluck them
  • they are plucked with the fingers
  • plucking them with the fingers

8. Throughout history, trade routes have increased contact between people, _______________, and greatly affected the growth of civilization.

  • have resulted in an exchange of ideas
  • an exchange of ideas has resulted
  • resulted in an exchange of ideas
  • resulting in an exchange of ideas

9. Walt Disney made many technical advances in the use of sound, color, and ______________ in animated films.

  • photographing
  • using photography
  • photography
  • use of photographs

10. Artist Paul Kane traveled throughout Northwest Canada on foot, by canoe, and _______________ to sketch Native Canadians going about their ordinary lives.

  • on horseback
  • riding a horse
  • horseback
  • by a horse

11. Barbara Jordan was the first woman in the South to win an election to the House of Representatives, _________ as Congresswoman from Texas from 1973 to 1979.

  • to serve
  • served
  • serving
  • has served

12. Photographers’ choice of a camera depends on what kind of pictures they want to take, how much control they want over exposure, and ___________ they want to spend.

  • the amount of money
  • what money
  • how much money
  • so much money that

13. Atlanta is the commercial, financial, and ______________ of Georgia.

  • center of administration
  • administrative center
  • center for administering
  • administering center

14. Even after the Revolutionary War, American importers obtained merchandise from Britain because British merchants understood American tastes, offered attractive prices, and _____________.

  • easy credit was provided
  • because of easy credit
  • easy credit
  • provided easy credit.

TOEFL Podcast

TOEFL iTP | Listening Part B | A Man’s Great-Grandmother

We’re back with a great TOEFL iTP podcast/video today! In today’s episode, I’m going to go over this structurally easy talk, but also emphasize how important it is to figure out a suitable technique for you to follow the questions.  Remember, tests this year are extremely difficult, so what you see me go over on today’s podcast/video is completely different from what you’ll experience. Tune in!

How often does the man usually talk to his great-grandmother?

  • Every evening.
  • Every week.
  • Every Sunday.
  • Every month.

What did the man’s great-grandmother tell him on the phone this morning?

  • That she was eighty-five years old.
  • That a storm was coming.
  • That she was under a great deal of pressure.
  • That she wanted to become a weather forecaster.

Where does the man’s great-grandmother say when she feels a storm coming?

  • In her bones.
  • In her ears.
  • In her legs.
  • In her head.

What will the man probably do in the future?

  • Call his great-grandmother less often.
  • Watch the weather forecasts with his great-grandmother.
  • Help his great-grandmother relieve some of her pressures.
  • Believe his great-grandmother’s predictions about the weather.

Podcast

toefl sPEAKING coRRECTION seRVICES / cOACHING

Excited about launching this for you students! I’ve already spoken about the coaching that’s available, but it’s important to put out different products to cater to different price points, so today I’m officially launching the TOEFL iBT correction services! For those of you who are having difficulty on any of the speaking parts and would like to be corrected…you can now submit your recordings to me so that I can give you a write-up and a voice note in terms of areas that I think you should improve. The different questions I will give you will provide you genuine practice for the exam. And unlike other services out there, I will give you detailed/actionable items/points so that you can improve.

First speaking grade is free! Try the service and also inquire about packages. There are plenty of them that suit not only your financial needs but also the amount of practice you need before going into the exam. So, whether you need immediate support or you need something a little more short / long-term….hit any of the social links down below and inquire today!

TOEFL iTP | lISTENING pART a | lONGMAN | tEST #4

You guys will be extremely excited about this! I will be going over a full test of TOEFL iTP today, doing the Longman test and walking you through a number of techniques. In saying that, I have all the questions down below but make sure you tune into the podcast and YouTube video for explanations.

TOEFL iBT | Speaking Part 2 | 1 on 1 Coaching | Grading a Speaking Test #1

Woohoo! Finally someone took it upon themself to submit a recording!  I’m so happy that you guys are utilizing the tools I’m finally giving you, and with that being said, welcome to the first grading of the TOEFL iBT speaking test.  In this podcast, I will critique the small audio he had submitted to me.  Because he did so well, I had to really figure out what areas he could get better in, and that’s exactly what I did in this podcast. I hope you enjoy this!

TOEFL iBT | Reading | 1 on 1 Coaching | Guide to Answering Questions

In this podcast, I discuss with a student from Afghanistan HOW to answer questions. The majority of students out there in the world are unsure how to answer — if they should take two sides or how long they should spend on the reading versus the material they listen to. Regardless of what task it is, here’s a 1 on 1 coaching with me explaining the details in the podcast down below.

Podcast

Premium Business English Podcast: https://www.mocha.fm/creator/thearseniobuckshow

Pronunciation Course Phase III: https://www.udemy.com/share/102DYQ/

Pronunciation Course Phase II: https://www.udemy.com/share/102wQS/

Pronunciation Course Phase 1: https://www.udemy.com/course/arsenios-american-esl-pronunciation-phase-1/?referralCode=8C3941AAFB58102377C4

Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/arseniosesllearning

Podcast on Spotify: https://open.spotify.com/show/7hdzplWx6xB8mhwDJYiP6f

Podcast on ListenNote: https://www.listennotes.com/c/778cf3cfd2564ba5b01f693bfebc96de/arsenio-s-esl-podcast/

Podcast on CastBox: https://castbox.fm/channel/Arsenio’s-ESL-Podcast-id1251433?country=us

Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Arseniobuck/?ref=bookmarks

Youtube: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCIzp4EdbJVMhhSnq_0u4ntA

Website: https://thearseniobuckshow.com/

Q & A: ArsenioBuck@icloud.com

LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/arsenio-buck-9692a6119/

Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/thearseniobuckshow/?hl=en

Buzz sprout: https://www.buzzsprout.com/165390

Twitter – https://twitter.com/arseniobuckshow?l…

TOEFL iBT | Speaking Part 4 | Speaking Challenge

In this podcast/video, I’ll be breaking down (through transcription) what a speaking IV looks like, taking out the key details, and then formulating it.
After that, I will play a two-minute recording for you guys to prepare, take notes, then send me voice messages either on my FB page or email so I can grade them.
Whoever does the best in the challenge gets a free hour of coaching with me in any area of TOEFL! Let’s go!

TOEFL iTP | Listening | Part A | Finding the Main Idea of Q & A

Woohoo! We’re back with some TOEFL iTP listening! It’s been a very long time since I’ve done this, but now that I’ve figured stuff out on zoom and how to record audios without interruption, I wanted to give you guys a Main Idea and Subject talk break down for once. In this episode (video and podcast down below), you’re going to hear me break down five questions and how to find the answers. So, if you guys have any questions, let me know. Here are the questions and you’ll have to listen/watch down below for the breakdowns. Enjoy!

1. A) Carla does not live very far away.

B) What Carla said was unjust.

C) He does not fear what anyone says.

D) Carla is fairly rude to others.

2. A) She thinks it’s an improvement.

B) The fir trees in it are better.

C) It resembles the last one.

D) It is the best the man has ever done.

3. A) He graduated last in his class.

B) He is the last person in his family to graduate.

C) He doesn’t believe he can improve gradually.

D) He has finally finished his studies.

4. A) He thought the dress was so chic.

B) He was surprised the dress was not expensive.

C) He would like to know what color dress it was.

D) The dress was not cheap.

5. A) Leave the car somewhere else.

B) Ignore the parking tickets.

C) Add more money to the meter.

D) Pay the parking attendant.

Podcast

TOEFL iBT | Writing | Forming a good introduction

Welcome back to another video! Well, for those of you reading this blog, this is the blog..and then you have the video and the podcast. Nonetheless, this is the first of it’s kind! A fantastic guide for writing a good introduction. Introductions should be quick and simple. 3-4 sentences (4 sentences max)….and in this short video/podcast, I’ll be explaining just that, along with good stance-markers for you guys to memorize so that you’re not repeating yourself in both essays. Let’s get into this!

Example Introduction

It is critically important that students work as hard as possible when they are at school. Personally, I believe that teachers can motivate students to work hard by giving them grades. I feel this way for two reasons, which I will explore in the following essay.

Question: Grades encourage students to work harder in school. Do you agree or disagree?

Tom at TOEFL Resources
  • Personally, I think…
  • As far as I’m concerned,
  • In my opinion,
  • I agree with this