TOEFL Speaking & How You’re Graded

How your speaking response is graded.Task Fulfillment

Pronunciation & Intonation
Flow & Speech
Correct Grammar Usage
Vocabulary Usage (Appropriacy and Range)
Support & Development
Connections & Coherence
Task Fulfillment (Sample)
Criteria DescriptionScore
Task fulfillment is about how well you respond to the question you are given. TOEFL raters are looking for a response that answers the question directly, with relevant ideas that are fully developed. Fulfilling the task means answering all parts of the question completely.Score:
Score TOEFL Report 0 doesn’t address the task or no response was given

1 The response is unconnected or minimally connected to the given task

2 is mostly connected to the given task/question, but presents some ideas and information that are not directly related to the task/question may focus more on the reading passage than the listening

3 is connected to the given task/question, but may not be fully developed generally focuses on listening passage but may include a few unnecessary details from the reading passage

4 directly addresses the task/question and is fully developed focuses exactly on the points from the listening that satisfy the requirements of the task
Pronunciation & Intonation (Sample)
Criteria DescriptionScore
Pronunciation and intonation is about how you form English sounds and how you use natural English intonation. Your pronunciation and intonation can damage your score if it is difficult for the raters to understand what you are saying.
Score TOEFL Report 0 doesn’t address the task or no response was given

1 The response requires significant effort by listener because speech is mostly unclear, due to errors with: individual sounds and clusters word and sentence stress final intonation

2 The response requires some listener effort because speech is sometimes unclear, due to some unnatural use of: individual sounds and clusters word and sentence stress final and non-final intonation

3 The response may require effort by listener at times, though speech is generally clear, with: some sound and cluster pronunciation mistakes unnatural word and sentence stress some unnatural intonation

4 The response requires almost no effort by listener because speech is clear, including: natural sound and cluster pronunciation mostly natural intonation natural word and sentence stress, which may be used to convey subtle meanings
Flow & Speech (Sample)
Criteria DescriptionScore
Flow and speech is about how quickly you can speak and how much pausing and hesitation you use. You don’t have to speak quickly, but just quickly enough to sound natural and explain all of your ideas. Raters want to hear natural rhythm and flow.Score: 2 / 4
Score TOEFL Report 0 doesn’t address the task or no response was given

1 has disconnected speech that does not flow naturally has mostly short and overly basic utterances includes many unnatural pauses and hesitations that may make the listener uncomfortable

2 attempts but has some difficulties maintaining natural rhythm and fluid speech attempts more than just basic utterances, though stops frequently to prepare ideas or self-correct may contain some long pauses and unnatural hesitations

3 sustains mostly natural rhythm, though at times breaks it with unnatural linking or stress has some unnatural pausing and hesitation

4 has mostly natural rhythm is generally quite fluid and sustained has minimal unnatural pausing and hesitation
Correct Grammar Usage (Sample)
Criteria DescriptionScore
Correct grammar usage is about how you use English grammar and sentence structure. Raters want to see that you can use what you know correctly. Your grammar doesn’t have to be perfect to score high, but mistakes shouldn’t interfere with your meaning.Score: 2 / 4
Score TOEFL Report 0 doesn’t address the task or no response was given

1 Meaning is often difficult to understand because of significant and frequent errors with: nouns verb tenses adverbs and adjectives, including some phrases word order articles, pronouns, quantifiers, prepositions gerunds

2 Meaning is sometimes obscured because of errors with: noun and noun phrases verb (tenses and modals) adverbs and adjectives (including phrases) word order articles, pronouns, quantifiers, prepositions gerunds

3 Meaning is generally clear despite some errors with: noun phrases and clauses verb (tenses, modals, and passives) adverbs and adjectives (including phrases and clauses) word order articles, pronouns, quantifiers, prepositions

4 Meaning is not affected by grammatical errors, though there may still be minor errors with: noun phrases and clauses verb (tenses, modals, and passives) adverbs and adjectives (including phrases and clauses) word order art
Vocabulary Usage (Appropriacy and Range) (Sample)
Criteria DescriptionScore
Vocabulary usage is about how you use English words. Raters are looking for responses that use different words correctly and accurately, and that use a wide range of words that help listeners understand.Score: 2 / 4
Score TOEFL Report 0 doesn’t address the task or no response was given

1 includes mistakes with basic word form includes limited vocabulary, with repetition and reliance on vocabulary from the question prompt often uses inappropriate or incorrect words or wording

2 may include some incorrect word forms attempts to use a range of words and phrases but may make errors that confuse the listener makes somewhat accurate word choice but at times leaves the listener guessing

3 uses mostly correct word forms uses a range of words and phrases that is mostly appropriate, possibly including some idiomatic language makes generally accurate word choice with only some effort by the listener

4 uses generally correct word forms with only minimal errors effectively uses a wide range of words and phrases, which may include phrasal verbs and idioms includes generally accurate word choice and at times demonstrates sophistication
Support & Development (Sample)
Criteria DescriptionScore
Support and development is about the content of your speaking response. Your content should be related directly to the topic, and you should have several main ideas that support your opinion or position. These ideas should be persuasive or compelling.Score: 2 / 4
Score TOEFL Report 0 doesn’t address the task or no response was given

1 does not include much relevant information has no or very little detail or explanation

2 includes some important information but not all key ideas presents several ideas or some information incorrectly or imprecisely may show lack of understanding of key ideas from listening and reading

3 includes most important information or key ideas may include some inaccuracies or imprecise ideas shows generally good understanding of key ideas but may not describe them specifically

4 includes all key ideas required by the question may have slight errors shows very good understanding of key ideas and the ability to explain them well includes all key ideas required by the question may have slight errors < 
Connections & Coherence (Sample)
Criteria DescriptionScore
connections and coherence are about how you put your ideas together and link different sentences to each other. Raters want to see speaking that flows naturally from idea to idea without confusing the listener.Score: 2 / 4
Score TOEFL Report 0 doesn’t address the task or no response was given

1 has little or no connection between ideas, making the logic difficult to follow includes no effective words or expressions of transition, introduction, or conclusion

2 has some connection between ideas but may jump between some topics, causing some listener confusion includes some brief or simple words or expressions of transition, introduction, or conclusion

3 has generally good connection between ideas includes generally good range of words or expressions of transition, introduction, or conclusion but may not feel wholly unified

4 has very good connection between ideas that are logically and effectively ordered includes a range of words or expressions of transition, introduction, and conclusion which conveys a feeling of unity and completeness

TOEFL iBT | Listening | Lecture | Social Networking | Note-taking

Welcome to the first of its kind! Today we’re going to be going over how to take notes! I’m excited to finally bring this to you, and if you had been following my TOEFL speaking videos, you probably know how to take notes. Well, in this lecture, I’m going to take notes down below and we’re going to compare our notes with the questions. Also, knowing HOW I take notes is the most important part of this podcast, too.

A science

interdisciplinary subject

interests to sociologists

we can define it as a social structure: social actors

groups, individuals, societies, relationships between them

DYADS

1930’s — sociograms

visual representation or map based on relationships

network science

three levels;

micro – interactions small numbers — two individuals

meso – larger groups, still relatively low populations — business organizations

macro – interactions within populations

nuances lost, practical limitations at macro level

focus on outcomes, economic results

micro – social equality, mutuality, influence, prestige

dense cluster of connections

large grey = individuals with close social ties

one cluster – one company

another cluster – laboratory

information is redundant

two laboratories, not redundant = bridges between has structural hole

consultancy – good position to bridge it and access

whoever bridges, has more social cap

by keeping it, might hear of job opening and use information to forward to a company

strong interactions with different numbers were better paid

China — individuals that occupied in structual holes didn’t have benefits

  1. What is the best definition of social networking?
  • electronic communication with numerous acquaintances at once.
  • the study of the dyads between two individual people.
  • analysis of the relationships connecting social entities.
  • a study of the properties of single entities within a group.

2. How do studies at the macro level differ from studies at the micro level?

  • studies at the micro level tend to result in less reliable data.
  • studies at the macro level tend not to focus on the nature of a relationship.
  • studies at the micro level are less practical for researchers.
  • studies at the macro level are more useful when studying business organizations.

3. What is the most recent trend in the study of social networking?

  • mathematical formulae are being applied to interactions.
  • it is being used as a tool in both social and hard sciences.
  • social networking is becoming a science in itself.
  • computers are being used to measure and monitor networks.

4. The lecturer gives an example of a hairdresser and a laboratory to represent…

  • two clusters that carry redundant information.
  • two clusters separates by a structural hole.
  • two entities within the same cluster.
  • two organizations with the same amount of capital.

5. What does the lecturer infer about Chinese business organizations?

  • they do not benefit from individuals with links to many networks.
  • They consider people who exchange information with other organizations disloyal.
  • They are not interested in the study of social network analysis.
  • they are successful because their employees have greater social capital.

6. According to the professor, when can we say there is a structural hole in a sociogram?

  • when there is a link between two clusters with redundant information.
  • when there is no link between two clusters with non-redundant information.
  • when there is no link between two clusters with redundant information.
  • when there is a link between two clusters with non-redundant information.

TOEFL iBT | Listening | 8 TOEFL Listening Question Types

Welcome to the first of its kind! TOEFL iBT Listening has finally arrived! In this episode, I will go over 8 of the different types of listening questions. I used the audios from mybesttest.com and do not own the rights to them, just to be clear. In saying that, you guys will hear how I compartmentalize information and how to follow the flow of the conversation because that’s what the majority of these tests are about. So, if you want exclusive mock-tests and more of these types, tune into my Patreon or ask me questions about the TOEFL iBT speaking, reading, writing and listening classes that will debut soon!

Source: Bestmytest

TOEFL iBT Coaching | S1 : E1 | Speaking Questions 1-4 Breakdown

Welcome to my first-ever online training! For those of you tuning in for the first time, thank you so much for checking this out.  In this segment, I will break down speaking questions 1 -4, how to answer them, the note-taking, etc.  Down below are the comprehensive notes to it all. Keep in mind with your recommendations will come more episodes.  Also, if some of you are interested in a free podcast session in regards to doing the speaking questions, make sure you message me! Interested in online group classes? This is also available! But until then, enjoy this 45-minute video/live class and ask questions in the comments!

TOEFL iBT | Part 3 Question | Speaking | Vertical Migration + Note-taking

Welcome back to another TOEFL iBT Speaking segment. Today we’re going to be focusing on Part III, a difficult task for many non-NES speakers (because it’s difficult to follow) and in today’s podcast, we’re doing vertical migration. This was a difficult task for a recent student of mine because he was unable to follow the conversation. However, I’ll show you exactly how I had taken notes (video down below in the links if you want to see it).

TOEFL iBT | Part 3 Question | Speaking | Vertical Migration + Note-taking

Welcome back to another TOEFL iBT Speaking segment. Today we’re going to be focusing on Part III, a difficult task for many non-NES speakers (because it’s difficult to follow) and in today’s podcast, we’re doing vertical migration. This was a difficult task for a recent student of mine because he was unable to follow the conversation. However, I’ll show you exactly how I had taken notes (video down below).

Reading – Vertical Migration

Reading – Vertical migration is a pattern of behaviors by certain creatures that move vertically within their environment each day. In the ocean or seas, animals will move either to the surface, or deep into the water depending on various factors including light, temperature, salinity, and predators. Often this choice of vertical migration is influenced by biological factors related to that species.

Mybesttest

day and night

plays important part

marine creatures in response to light levels

advantageous

squid

daylight in dim light at the bottom avoid predators

sunlight makes them visible

search for food near surface at night

plays an important role in ocean creatures

TOEFL iTP | Reading | The Peale Family

We’re back with I believe the first or second or its kind. In today’s podcast/video/blog, I’ll be dissecting an old reading passive from a PBT TOEFL book (exactly like TOEFL iTP). In this one I’m going to break down each question, little by little. So if you want to see my corrections, tune into the video down below!

The Peales were a distinguished family of American artists. Charles Wilson Peale is best remembered for his portraits of leading figures of the American Revolution. He painted portraits of Franklin and Jefferson, and over a dozen of George Washington. His life-size portrait of his sons Raphaelle and Titians was so realistic that Georgia Washington reportedly tipped his hat to the figures in the picture.

Charles Wilson Peale gave up painting in his middle age and devoted his life to the Peale Museum, which he founded in Philadelphia. The world’s first popular museum of art and natural science featured paintings by Peal and his family as well as displays of animals in their natural settings. Peale found the animals himself and devised a method of taxidermy to make the exhibits more lifelike. The museum’s most popular display was the skeleton of a mastodon — a huge, extinct elephant — which Peale unearthed on a New York farm in 1801

Three of Peale’s seventeen children were also famous artists. Raphaelle Peal often painted still lifes of flowers, fruit, and cheese. His works show the same luminosity and attention to detail that the works of the Dutch masters show. In the late eighteenth century, however, portraiture was the rage, and so Raphaelle Peale found few buyers for his still lifes at the same time. His brother Rembrandt studied under his father and painted portraits fo many noted people, including one of George Washington. Another brother, Rubens Peale, painted mostly landscapes and portraits.

James Peale, the brother of Charles Wilson Peale, specialized in miniatures. His daughter Sara Miriam Peale was probably the first professional female portrait painter in America.

Complete TOEFL
  1. What is the main topic of the passage?

a. The life of Charles Wilson Peale

b. Portraiture in the 18th century

c. The Peale Museum

d. A family of artists

2. The author probably mentions that Washington “tipped his hat to the figures in the painting” to indicate that…

a. Charles Wilson Peale’s painting was very lifelike

b. Washington respected Charles Wilson Peale’s work

c. Washington was friendly with Raphaelle and Titian Peale

d. The painting of the two brothers was extremely large

3. The word “settings” is closest in meaning to which of the following?

a. Environments

b. Categories

c. Positions

D. Requirements

4. For which of the following terms does the author give a definition in the second paragraph?

a. Natural science

b. Skeleton

C. Taxidermy

D. Mastodon

5. Which of the following questions about th ePeale Museum does the passage NOT supply enough information to answer?

a. Who found and prepared its animal exhibits?

b. In what city it was located?

c. Where did the most popular exhibit come from?

d. In what year was it founded?

6. The word “unearthed” has the closest meaning to….

a. displayed

b. dug up

c. located

d. looked over

7. Which of the following words could best be substituted for the word “rage”…

a. Fashion

b. Anger

c. Conflict

d. Desire

8. According to the passage, Rembrandt Peale and his father both painted…

a. miniatures

b. portraits of George Washington

c. paintings of flowers, fruit, and chese

d. pictures of animals

9. Which of the following is NOT one of the children of Charles Wilson Peale?

a. Titian Peale

b. Rubens Peale

c. Raphaelle Peale

d. Sarah Miriam Peale

10. The author’s attitude toward the Peales is generally..

a. envious

b. puzzled

c. admiring

d. disappointed

Podcast

TOEFL iBT | Writing | Independent Essay | Employing Structure & Why It’s Better Than a Template

Welcome back to another TOEFL iBT writing segment! Today I’ll be talking about why structure should be employed more than using templates.  Also, I want you to see how I elevated one of my online clients by employing that structure: the before, write up example, and then the after.  There’s a massively noticeable difference in her work….so check it out!

Podcast

TOEFL iBT | Part 4 Question | Speaking | Coevolution | How to Take Notes

Welcome back to another TOEFL, everyone! In today’s segment, we’re going to learn how to take notes throughout the audio. Now, some are very long and some are short, but when it comes to the Part IV question, it’s much easier than Part III. So, I’m going to show you how to take notes (watch my video and listen to the podcast) and what you see down below are the notes I took on the video. So make sure you listen to the audio so you can piece them together.

two species affect each other

extreme example of mutualism

flowers/humming birds have evolved

nectar

color suited to vision

shape perfect size

high volume of nectar

meets energy requirements

blooming time – breeding season coincides

ants and trees

trees have something that ants live in / substance in food

ants attack plant-eating insects

two species rely on one another for survival

Mybesttest

Listening Transcript

Okay! so we said that coevolution happens when two species reciprocally affect each other’s evolution. In fact, coevolution is an extreme example of mutualism. For example, honey birds and bird pollinating flowers have evolved a mutualistic relationship. The flower has nectar suited to the bird’s diet, the color suited to the bird’s vision and the shape is a perfect size for the bird’s beak. Bird pollinating flowers usually have a higher volume of nectar pollinated by insects. This meets the birds’ high energy requirements. Therefore, the blooming time of bird pollinating flowers usually coincides with honey bird’s breeding season.

Another example of coevolution can be found in Acacia ants and Acacia trees. The Acacia trees have large hulking trunks that Acacia ants live in. The tree makes a substance that can be used by the ants as food, while the ants defend trees from herbivores by attacking plant-eating insects and other plants competing for sunlight. So…ultimately, in this relationship of co-evolution, two species rely on one other for survival, while reciprocally affecting each other’s evolution.

TOEFL iTP | Grammar | Structure & Written Expression | Parallel Structure Sentence Break Downs

We’re back with the sentence break downs of parallel structures! This is the follow up from ______________.

  1. Frozen orange juice must be packed, _______________, and stored when the fruit is ripe.
  • be frozen
  • must be frozen
  • frozen
  • it must be frozen

2. Sioux is a North American Indian language that is spoken not only ______________ Sioux but also by the Crow and Osage tribes.

  • by the
  • the
  • do the
  • and the

3. In 1900 electrically powered cars were more popular than gasoline powered cars because they were quiet, operated smoothly, and ________________.

  • handled easily
  • easy of handling
  • handling easily
  • easy to handle

4. Roger Williams was a clergyman, _______________ the colony of Rhode Island, and an outspoken advocate of religious and political freedom.

  • founded
  • the founder of
  • was the founder of
  • he founded

5. Paint can be applied to a surface with rollers, _____________, or spray guns.

  • brushes
  • brushes can be used
  • with brushes
  • by brush

6. The use of labor-saving devices in homes, _____________, and factories added to the amount of leisure time people had.

  • at an office
  • used in offices
  • offices
  • in offices

7. A dulcimer can be played by either striking its string with a hammer or ______________.

  • to pluck them with the fingers
  • fingers are used to pluck them
  • they are plucked with the fingers
  • plucking them with the fingers

8. Throughout history, trade routes have increased contact between people, _______________, and greatly affected the growth of civilization.

  • have resulted in an exchange of ideas
  • an exchange of ideas has resulted
  • resulted in an exchange of ideas
  • resulting in an exchange of ideas

9. Walt Disney made many technical advances in the use of sound, color, and ______________ in animated films.

  • photographing
  • using photography
  • photography
  • use of photographs

10. Artist Paul Kane traveled throughout Northwest Canada on foot, by canoe, and _______________ to sketch Native Canadians going about their ordinary lives.

  • on horseback
  • riding a horse
  • horseback
  • by a horse

11. Barbara Jordan was the first woman in the South to win an election to the House of Representatives, _________ as Congresswoman from Texas from 1973 to 1979.

  • to serve
  • served
  • serving
  • has served

12. Photographers’ choice of a camera depends on what kind of pictures they want to take, how much control they want over exposure, and ___________ they want to spend.

  • the amount of money
  • what money
  • how much money
  • so much money that

13. Atlanta is the commercial, financial, and ______________ of Georgia.

  • center of administration
  • administrative center
  • center for administering
  • administering center

14. Even after the Revolutionary War, American importers obtained merchandise from Britain because British merchants understood American tastes, offered attractive prices, and _____________.

  • easy credit was provided
  • because of easy credit
  • easy credit
  • provided easy credit.

TOEFL Podcast