TOEFL iBT | Webinar Snippet | Reading: Mass Extinctions

 Did you miss the webinar (Reading) last night? Mass Extinction was on the menu, and I had two newcomers from Peru joining my champions who will be taking the test soon. Want the full video? Link is down below for $5!

Next Webinar is this Saturday, and next week will be Monday-Thursday.

In this snippet, I break down two questions, as well as a phenomenal break down from one of my students, Gonzalo. 

Webinar

TOEFL iTP | Reading | Course Preview & Vocabulary-In-Context | Civil War

Welcome back to a WONDERFUL reading special! So, if you’re listening to this on my ESL podcast, we’re just two days away from the full launch (September 15th). However, if you’re watching this on September 3rd (Facebook, IG, or YouTube), you’re in luck!

This is a wonderful pre-course episode for what’s in store in my wonderful reading course (TOEFL iTP), and this is a full reading lesson that you will see in my course, too. The course, between now and September 22nd, can be bought at a super reduced cost (bundle) with Structure & Written Expression for just $100! That’s right, three courses for just $100 for the first week and you can buy them now, too!

Nonetheless, the techniques I have in this video/podcast are going to be superb in understanding the context of paragraphs and these types of questions. Tune in!

Reading Passage

The Civil War created feverish manufacturing activity to supply critical material, especially in the North. When the fighting stopped, the stage was set for dramatic economic growth. Wartime taxes on production vanished, and the few taxes that remained leaned heavily on real estate, not on business. The population flow from farm to city increased, and the labor force it provided was buttressed by millions of newly arrived immigrants willing to work for low wages in the mills of the North and on the railroad crews of the Midwest and West.

            Government was nothing if not accommodating. It established tariff barriers, provided loans and grants to build a transcontinental railroad, and assumed a studied posture of nonintervention in private enterprise. The social Darwinism of British philosopher Herbert Spencer and American economist William Graham Summer prevailed. The theory was that business, if left to its own devices, would eliminate the weak and nurture the strong. But as business expanded, rivalry heated up. In the 1800’s, five railroads operating between New York and Chicago were vying for traffic, and two more were under construction. As a result of the battle, the fare between the cities decreased to $1. The petroleum industry suffered from similar savage competition, and in the 1870’s, many oil industries failed.

  1. The word “feverish” in line 1 is closest in meaning to
  1. Extremely rapid
  2. Sickly and slow
  3. Very dangerous
  4. Understandable
  • Which of the following is closest in meaning to the word “critical” in line 1?
  1. Industrial
  2. Serious
  3. Crucial
  4. Insulting
  • The phrase “the stage was set” in line 2 is closest in meaning to which of the following?
  1. The play was over
  2. The progress continued
  3. The foundation was laid
  4. The direction was clear
  • The phrase “real estate” in line 4 refers to
  1. Tools and machines
  2. Actual income
  3. New enterprises
  4. Land and buildings
  • The word “buttressed” in line 5 is closest in meaning to
  1. Concerned
  2. Supplemented
  3. Restructured
  4. Enriched
  • The word “accommodating” in line 8 is closest in meaning to
  1. Persistent
  2. Indifferent
  3. Balanced
  4. Helpful
  • Which of the following could best be substituted for the word “posture” in line 10?
  1. Stature
  2. Predicament
  3. Position
  4. Situation
  • The word “prevailed” in line 11 is closest in meaning to
  1. Influenced
  2. Triumphed
  3. Premiered
  4. Evolved
  • The phrase “left to its own devices” in line 12 means
  1. Forced to do additional work
  2. Allowed to do as it pleased
  3. Made to change its plans
  4. Encouraged to produce more goods
  1. The word “vying” in line 14 is closest in meaning to
  1. Competing
  2. Hoping
  3. Arranging
  4. Caring
  1. The word “savage” in line 16 is closest in meaning to
  1. Fierce
  2. Growing
  3. Surprising
  4. Genuine

Podcast

Written Expression Course

Structure Course

Reading Course

Video

Answers Next page

TOEFL iBT | Listening | Lecture | Full Webinar: Aristotle’s Theory of Happiness

Are you ready?! Oh, you’re blessed! In today’s EXTRA-LONG-WEBINAR, I and students from Colombia, Brazil and Peru are dissecting all the details of these questions. We came across a very difficult question (#2) which is going to be a great topic of discussion. Nonetheless, Aristotle’s Theory of Happiness provided us with stress and ease and times, so get ready to take notes and answer the questions with us!

TOEFL iTP | Listening | Part B | College Course

  1. Who is taking part in the conversation?
  • two students
  • two professors
  • two sociologists
  • two lecturers

2. Why does the woman want to talk with Mike?

  • she wants his opinion of sociologists
  • she wants to hear him lecture
  • she wants to know about a course he took
  • she wants to meet Professor Patterson

3. What kind of course does the man prefer?

  • a course where the professor lectures
  • a course where the students just listen and take notes
  • a course with Professor Patterson
  • a course where the students take part in discussion

4. How does the woman feel about professor Patterson’s course?

  • she thinks it’ll be boring
  • she doesn’t want to take it
  • it sounds good to her
  • she’d prefer a course with more student participation

Podcast

TOEFL iBT | Speaking | Student Success | 28 In Speaking: Collection of Audios

You guys asked for it, I delivered it! In today’s episode, there will be a number of different audios that I had told my student to send me for homework. She first joined my webinar a couple of weeks ago, then bought some coaching hours, and ultimately achieved a 28 in the speaking section of TOEFL, becoming a pharmacist in my native United States.

So, I decided to make a collection of it all, put it together, and have you guys listen to what a 26-28 sounds like (this was on coaching hour number 4 and we had a three-hour session just 36 hours before her test).

I hope you enjoy this!

TOEFL iTP | Structure | Mini-test #3

We’re back with another superb mini-test! This one is difficult, and a lot of the skills revolve around what I taught in my courses. So, if you’re interested in my courses, make sure you hit the links down below. And in saying that, let’s dive into this monster mini-test!

Written Expression

Structure

Reading

  1. The planet Mercury _______ rotations during every two trips around the Sun.
  • three complete
  • completes three
  • the completion of three
  • completing three of the

2. In prehistoric _____ of western Utah was covered by Lake Bonneville.

  • times, a large part
  • times, there was a large part
  • part of the time
  • for large parts of time

3. The helicopter is able to hover in _______ powered rotors produce lift even at zero forward speed.

  • flight because of the
  • flying the
  • the flying of the
  • flight because the

4. The upper levels of the Sun’s atmosphere are of very low _______ heats the gases there to very high temperatures.

  • dense and solar
  • density, solar activity
  • density, but solar activity
  • density and activity of the Sun is

5. Lapis lazuli, ______ stone, has been valued for ornamental purposes for more than 6,000 years.

  • an opaque deep blue
  • is an opaque deep blue
  • it is an opaque deep blue
  • that is an opaque deep blue

6. Mountaineers _______ climb Mount Everest must take reservations to do so, often up to seven years in advance.

  • want to
  • they want to
  • who want
  • wanting to

7. Created by the dissolution of limestone, the underground cave system _____ Mammoth Cave is noted for its stalactites and stalagmites.

  • is known as
  • it is known to be
  • known as
  • to be known

8. Most slang terms are simply old words ______ additional new meanings.

  • give
  • given
  • are given
  • they are given

9. North Carolina’s Outer Banks are a chain of low, narrow islands _____ the mainland from the frequent Atlantic storms in the area.

  • they buffer
  • that buffer
  • to buffer them
  • that they buffer

10. It is at the age of approximately eighteen months _____ children begin to make combinations of two or three words.

  • when many
  • when are many
  • when do many
  • when have many of the

11. Story of a Bad Boy, a semi-autobiographical novel by Thomas Bail Aldrich, ranks high among books ____ have incorporated their boyhood experiences.

  • the American authors
  • which are American authors
  • in which American authors
  • are those which American authors

12. In the La Brea tar pits of Los Angeles ______ which have been preserved from the Pleistocene period.

  • thousands of animals are
  • thousands are animals
  • the thousands of animals
  • are thousands of animals

13. _______ provided a living for nearly 90 percent of the population of the American colonies.

  • Farming was what
  • what farming
  • Farming was
  • What was farming

14. Not only ______ more brittle than hard maples, but they are also less able to withstand high winds.

  • soft maples are
  • are soft maples
  • they are soft maples
  • fot maples

15. _______ become blocked so that heat and moisture could not escape, death would result.

  • were the skin’s pores to
  • The pores of the skin were to
  • The skin’s pores
  • if the pores of the skin

TOEFL iBT | Speaking | 1 on 1 Coaching | Questions 1-3: Her Road to a 28 In Speaking!

So, I decided to chop up a coaching session with my student who had recently gotten a 28 on the speaking section of TOEFL. My editing isn’t the best, but in this video, you’re going to hear a tremendous amount of feedback, as well as her answers to everything and those “moments of clarity.” She invested in 8 hours of coaching and got the mark of 28, and this is coaching session #3 so hear how I break everything down!

TOEFL iBT | Independent Essay | Evaluating an Essay | Progress Achieved!

So grateful to have seen the growth of one of my students.  The amazing dentist from Venezuela now understands exactly how to execute a cohesive essay.  I’m grateful that she went through with the coaching and now we’re just waiting on her result!

TOEFL iBT | Reading | Webinar Preview (This Weekend)

It’s Monday, and it’s another week for a wonderful webinar! In this week’s webinar, I will be covering TOEFL iBT (Reading). On my membership, I have blogs/exercises in which I use techniques to find the answer.  In the upcoming webinar this weekend, we will apply all of the techniques to a specific reading passage and see how everyone does! The seating is unlimited and the buy-in is just $5. After the webinar, you will have the video uploaded onto the link (for a lifetime), and the membership will be at a 5% discount, as well as the additional coaching hours (33% discount) because you bought the webinar, to begin with. 

Let me know if you’re interested in some reading techniques!

I will debut a full reading lesson later today, so stay tuned!

Podia

TOEFL iTP | Reading | Full Course Preview | All Questions

We’re here! A day after and you are now getting the full preview of my TOEFL iTP Reading Course! Seriously, this is going to take a while to put together, so this is why it’s going to take 45 days. Understand, though, that the presale is available. If requested, I will publish it and upload it as the days go along. So, in saying that, here are all the questions! The video/podcast down below has the explanation!

TOEFL Reading Course

TOEFL Structure Course

TOEFL Written Expression

Recognizing distractors in main idea/main topic/main purpose questions.

S – Too specific

G – Too general

X – Incorrect

I – Irrelevant

C – Correct

There are two main types of cell division. Most cells are produced by a process called mitosis.  In mitosis, a cell divides and forms two identical daughter cells, each with an identical number of celled plants and animals. Sex cells, however, are formed in a special type of cell division called meiosis. This process reduces the number of chromosomes in a sex cell to half the number found in other kinds of cells. Then, when sex cells unite, they produce a single cell with the original number of chromosomes.

  1. What is the main topic of this passage?

S)   A. The method by which one-celled organisms reproduce

C)   B. A comparison between mitosis and meiosis

X)   C. Meiosis, the process by which identical cells are produced

Overview questions

American folk music originated with ordinary people at a time when the rural population was isolated and music was not yet spread by radio, audios, compact disks, or music DVDs. It was transmitted by oral tradition and is noted for its energy, humor, and emotional impact. The major source of early American folk songs was music from the British Isles, but songs from Africa as well as songs of the American Indians have a significant part in its heritage. Later settlers from other countries also contributed songs. In the nineteenth century, composer Stephen Foster wrote some of the most enduringly popular of all American songs, which soon became part of folk tradition. Beginning in the 1930’s, Woody Guthrie gained great popularity by adapting traditional melodies and lyrics and supplying new ones as well. In the 1950’s and 1960’s, singer-composers such as Pete Seeger, Bob Dylan, and Joan Baez continued this tradition by creating “urban” folk music. Many of these songs dealt with important social issues, such as racial integration and the war in Vietnam.

  1. The primary purpose of this passage is to
  1. Trace the development of American folk music
  2. Explain the oral tradition
  3. Contrast the styles of folk musicians
  • Point out the influence of social issues on “urban” folk music

Negative Factual Questions

Inference Questions

A star very similar to the Sun is one of the nearest stars to Earth. That star is Alpha Centauri, just 4.3 light-years away. Other than our own Sun, the nearest star to the Earth is a tiny red star, not visible without a telescope, called Proxima Centauri.

It can be inferred from this passage that….

  1. Proxima Centauri is similar to the Earth’s Sun.
  2. Proxima Centauri is the closest star to the Earth.
  3. Alpha Centauri is invisible from the Earth.
  4. Proxima Centauri is less than 4.3 light-years from the Earth.

Recognizing inferences based on longer passages

Vocabulary-in-context Questions

The planet Mercury is visible to the naked eye but is not the easiest planet to spot.

  1. Unclothed
  2. Unaided
  3. Unarmed

Every atlas has its own legend.

  1. Mythical story
  2. Famous person
  3. Explanation of symbols

Reference Questions

There is a poisonous, plant-like animal called the anemone that lives among coral reefs. When small fish venture too close to the tentacles of these “living flowers,” they are stung and eaten. For unknown reasons, the anemone makes an exception of the clownfish, which swims through its deadly tentacles in safety. When in danger, the clownfish dashes among the anemone’s tentacles where other fish are afraid to follow. The clownfish even builds its nest where the anemone can protect it.

  1. The word “they” in line 2 refers to
  1. Coral reefs
  2. Small fish
  3. Tentacles
  4. Flowers
  • The word “it” in line 4 is a reference to the
  1. Clownfish
  2. Nest
  3. Anemone
  4. Exception