Arsenio’s ESL Podcast: Season 4 – Episode 94 – Vocabulary Development – Describing Graphs (Two-Part Patreon)

Welcome back, everyone! Here’s some more IELTS language for you study-goers out there, as well as some sentences and an exercise at the bottom. I’ve gone over this in context about a month ago, but I have much more to cover.

We use a range of vocabulary to describe points on a graph or to describe the approximate amount of something.

  1. Comparison
  2. Growing
  3. In the region of
  4. Peak
  5. Slight
  6. Steadily
  7. Substantial
  8. well over

a. slowly and gradually continuing to change, move, or happen

b. the process of considering how things are similar or different.

c. used before a number for saying it is not exact and could be higher or lower.

d. to reach the highest level, before becoming lower

e. large in amount or degree

f. much higher than a number

g. small in size, amount, or degree

h. used to describe things that are becoming greater in size or amount.

Complete the sentences with the words (from the numbers) above.

  1. ______________ a million people live in the city — perhaps close to a one and a half million.
  2. The population of people ___________ before starting to decline several years ago.
  3. There are ____________ numbers of gazelles in the region, with the population uip around 25%
  4. While the growth was not dramatic, the figures rose _________ over the two decades.
  5. There was a ______________ fall in the number of rhinos, from over 20,000 to under 2,000.
  6. There was a ____________ fall in the fox population from 19,000 to 18,500.
  7. No one knows exactly, but _____________ species are in danger of becoming extinct.
  8. The graphs show a _______________ of the different animal populations in 1980 and 2010.

Extra task: use the words to describe changes in your country. THink about people, animals, languages, and changes to your hometown.


Arsenio’s ESL Podcast: Season 4 – Episode 45 – Vocabulary Development – Comparing & Contrasting

Categorize the words in the box into the chart down below.

by the same token, despite, usually, in spite of, 
in the same way, on the contrary, similarly, whereas
Word and phrases that compareWords and phrases that contrast

2. Choose the correct word or phrase to complete the sentences.

  1. I’m a very left-brained person. My brother, in the same way/on the contrary, is more right brained.
  2. Despite/ Whereas everything we know about the brain, there is still a lot to discover.
  3. I know I can’t always trust my gut feelings. In spite of this/ By the same token, they play a big part in my decision-making.
  4. Love and empathy are considered positive emotions. Equally/Despite this, gratitude and joy enhance a person’s life.
  5. Empathy motivates people to help others. On the contrary / By the same token, guilt strengthens commitments in others.
  6. Anger makes it harder for people to change what they are already doing, similarly / whereas fear makes them give up too easily.
  7. A fearful person is less likely to take risks. Similarly / On the contrary happy people are not risk takers.
  8. I sometimes jump into situations without considering all my options. In the same way / In spite of this, I sometimes find it hard to slow down and make intellectual decisions.


Arsenio’s ESL Podcast: TOEIC – Episode 015 – Part 3 Listening – Conversations

For those of you who watched my Facebook live, here are the questions I promised you. For those of you who will watch my YouTube down below, here are the questions — OF COURSE!

Let’s get into this.

  1. How long has the man been at his current job?

a. One year

b. Two years

c. Six years

d. Seven years

2. What are the man’s future plans?

a. To continue his education

b. To open his own business

c. To move to a new city

d. To change careers

3. What does the man say about the company?

a. He has learned a lot while working there.

b. He plans to continue working there.

c. He wants to work for the company in a different city.

d. He hopes to become a manager in the company.

4. Where are the speakers?

a. At a bus stop

b. At an auto repair shop

c. At a taxi stand

d. At a parking garage

5. What is the man concerned about?

a. The way to get home.

b. The traffic on the road.

c. The cost of transportation.

d. The time to fix the problem.

6. What does the woman suggest?

a. Going to another shop

b. Using a taxi

c. Waiting a few hours

d. Buying a new car.

Arsenio’s ESL Podcast: Season 4 – Episode 38 – Pronunciation Log – Thought Groups & Pausing

More thought groups, pronunciation logs, and practice for you guys.

What I want you to do is mark logical thought groups in the quotes and song lyrics down below.

  1. I never meant to lie to you but I needed me an easy way out.
  • Babyface

2. Whoever gossips to you will gossip about you.

  • Unknown

3. We will meet your physical force with soul force.

  • MLK Jr.

4. You cannot escape the responsibility of tomorrow by evading it today.

  • Abraham Lincoln

5. It’s necessary to get the losers out of your life if you want to live your dream.

  • Les Brown

6. I can resist everything except temptation.

  • Oscar Wilde

7. If you want to conquer fear don’t sit at home and think about it. Go out and get busy.

  • Dale Carnegie

8. The earth does not belong to man. Man belongs to earth.

  • Chief Seattle

9. Float like a butterfly sting like a bee.

  • Muhammad Ali

10. A pessimist thinks the glass is half-empty; an optimist thinks the glass is half-full.


Arsenio’s ESL Podcast: Season 3 – Episode 9 – Vocabulary – Do & Make

Welcome back to another blog, everyone!  Very grateful and also fascinated that many of my students have problems with these two particular verbs.  Do & Make, two verbs that are often confused, will be broken down in today’s podcast and blog.

Use DO for actions, obligations, and repetitive tasks. Use MAKE for creating or producing something, and for actions you choose to do

Do the words down below go with do or make?

  • a pot-roast
  • a course
  • a decision
  • an assignment
  • the lunch
  • well
  • friends
  • chores

**a noise, the shopping, the washing** — explanation in the podcast down below.


Complete the rules with do or make


  1. We usually use ______________ with work at school, work, or university.
  2. We usually use ______________ with work around the house.
  3. We usually use ______________ with things we produce, create, or construct.
  4. We usually use ______________ when we talk about activities in general.
  5. We use _____________ with words like “a decision” or “a mistake”
  6. We use _____________ with these words: your best, a favor, business

Answers in the podcast down below!