Arsenio’s ESL Podcast: Additional Relative Clauses Exercise

Hello, everyone! As promised, here’s the second installment of the podcast/blog I did WAYYYY earlier today. I wanted to go more in-depth with clauses because I know a few of you may have not understood.

Extreme ironing is an unusual sport which was invented in 1997 by an Englishman whose name is Phil Shaw. He had to do ironing at home, but he preferred to go rock climbing. So he decided to combine the two things. Of course, ironing and climbing are two activities that don’t have a lot in common. but now people do it all over the world. When Phil was in New Zealand, he started an organization called Extreme Ironing International. Diving, skiing, skating, and parachuting are some of the other sports which people have combined with ironing. Underwater, in the air and on top of the mountains are just some of the strange places where people have done this sport. Ben Gibbons and John Roberts are two Englishmen whose adventure with extreme ironing became a short film, Extreme Ironing to Mount Everest.

Gateway

Second Task

Use the following relative pronouns to complete the sentences: who, which, whose, when, where, that

  1. The winner of the 100m dash in the olympics is the person ________ finishes first.
  2. A referee is the person ___________ job is the control the game.
  3. 2016 is the year ___________ Euro was played.
  4. A Tatami is the place __________ you do Judo.

Arsenio’s ESL Podcast: Season 3 – Episode 51 – Pronunciation/Speaking Skills – Content Words

“Content” words carry the most meaning in a sentence so receive more stress. They include questions words, nouns, most verbs, adjectives, adverbs, and negative auxiliary verbs (don’t, won’t, hasn’t, etc).

“Function” words give a sentence its grammatically correct form. They carry little meaning so are unstressed. They include articles, pronouns, prepositions, conjunctions, the verb be, and affirmative auxiliary verbs (do, can, did, etc).

Listen to the audio in the podcast down below to understand what words are stressed.

  1. Doctors can help people with phobias.
  2. Alice saw the little snake and screamed loudly.
  3. I am helping my friend with his fear of water.
  4. I didn’t know you were afraid of flying.
  5. Phobias are powerful but very treatable.

TOEIC: Text Completion #2 + PDF – Continuation

Here are parts 7-12 for everyone who tuned into my last blog.

Dr. Jim Croker of Budapest Lab says that people _____(7)_____  always travel with their own pillow.  “If business travelers can

  1. might
  2. will
  3. should
  4. can’t

bring their laptops on board, there’s no reason why they can’t bring their own pillow,” said Dr. Croker in a recent podcast interview.  An even _____(8)_____ solution, according to another celebrity doctor, is to avoid business travel altogether.

  1. good
  2. the best
  3. better
  4. greatest

The studies have also shown that time away from families can be detrimental to family life. 

After all, everything from _____(9)_____ meals to driving kids to and from school is affected when one parent goes away on business.

  1. preparation
  2. prepared
  3. preparing
  4. prepare

Leasing Office Memo

Is your work space overcrowded?  Are you looking for a _____(10)_____ office at

  1. more spacious than
  2. more spacious
  3. most spacious
  4. the most spacious

affordable price?  Here at the leasing office, we have a solution that will help you.  It offers a full-service building with a parking garage.  All offices have great views and the rates start at $500 per square foot.  With advantages like these, why consider _____(11)_____ anywhere else?  Call our rental office today.

  1. rent
  2. rents
  3. to rent
  4. renting

A five-year lease ______(12)_____ be signed in order to qualify for this special rate.

  1. must
  2. might
  3. could
  4. can

YouTube

PDF

Text Completion (2)

TOEIC Grammar: Determiners & Pronouns

Determiners and pronouns

Point 1 Determiners Definition :

A determiner is a word that is normally used at the beginning of a noun phrase. Determiners include:

  • articles. There are two types of articles: – the definite article: the
    – the indefinite article: a/an
  • possessive adjectives
  • demonstrative adjectives

 

Some and any are usually followed by plural countable nouns and uncountable nouns and are used as follows:

some cars

any cars

some money

any money

         Some is used:

  • in affirmative sentences: He’s got some books from the library.
  • in offers and requests:Could I have some books, please?
    Why don’t you take some books home with you?

    Any is used:

  • in negatives (not any = no; hardly any; never any): There isn’t any reason to complain.
  • in questions: Have they got any children?
  • in affirmative sentences, any = “no matter which”, “no matter who”,“no matter what”
    You can borrow any of my books.

    Their compounds

    Their compounds, which are always singular, are:

    • someone/somebody, something, somewhere. I have something to say.
    • anyone/anybody, anything, anywhere. Does anybody have the time?
      You may invite anybody to dinner, I don’t mind.  You can invite anyone to dinner.
    • no one/nobody, nothing, nowhere. Homeless people have nowhere to go at night.
    • (everyone/everybody, everything, everywhere).
    • They can be followed by else. There’s nothing else to do.
    • What else do you want to watch?

However, you can also use “someone’s car/somebody’s coming” in contraction form to show position or just using the LV “is.”

 

Also, “else” is one of those words that’s very difficult to understand, simply because there’s not much of a translation into the Thai language.  Example, “what else do you want to do?” My students look at me cluelessly because they just can’t wrap their heads around it.

YouTube

TOEIC: Incomplete Sentences + Text Completion

Welcome back to a full-on blog and episode (in the YouTube video down below) about the two areas of grammar that’s features on the TOEIC test.

Without further ado – let’s get into it.

Directions: Select the best answer to complete the sentence. 

  1. The Stock Market falls when the unemployment rate ____________.
  1. will rise
  2. rises
  3. risen
  4. have risen

2. The company plans to issue ____________ for the first time next quarter.

  1. divide
  2. dividends
  3. divisive
  4. divider

3. Hix & Co. will announce sales figures from the last quarter which __________ expected to be low.

  1. will
  2. is
  3. are
  4. were

4. It is up to the head of the division to use the ___________ funds.

  1. discretionary
  2. discreet
  3. discretion
  4. discreetly

5. His budget always tends to be ____________, which protects his department from unexpected costs.

  1. inflation
  2. inflationary
  3. inflate
  4. inflated

Text Completion

Park, Lee and Associates started as ______6_____ two-person firm more than 75 years ago and has grown into South Korea’s largest Independent Certified Public Accounting firm.  _____7______ got that way by focusing on the special needs of our clients.   

We always put the client first.  We offer traditional accounting services such as audit and tax services.  We also act as consultants and can provide a number of new, innovative services such as fund start-up services. 

We help business owners save money and protect themselves from risk.  we help individuals protect ____8____ assets, plan for the future, and minimise taxes.

____9____ services set us apart from other firms.

6) a, one, this, the

7) They, She, We, It

8) our, her, its, their

9) this, that, these, the

 

YouTube

PDF

TOEIC- Incomplete Sentences + Text – PDF

Lewis Howes: Aggressive Mask – Introduction

Imagine the moments before a fight.  One of the biggest fights that I’ve ever watched had to be Tito Trinidad vs. Ricardo Mayorga.  This was big on so many levels because it was the Puerto Ricans versus the Nicaraguans.  At one point in one of the rounds, Ricardo Mayorga began taunting Trinidad and there was an uproar in the house, people literally screaming at the television.  At the specific moment I couldn’t hear a word that was being said by my friend and he was standing six inches from me.

Fast-forwarding to a fight when Miguel Cotto got pummelled by Antonio Margarito.  I remember seeing the state of Miguel’s face and wondered, “how does he look that bad?”  Later, Margarito’s trainer was seen by Shane Mosley’s camp — putting plaster into the gloves of Antonio.  If you guys don’t know the horrific story of Billy Collins, this is exactly what probably took place during the Miguel Cotto fight.  Plaster, after being consumed and inundated with sweat, begins to harden.  Miguel said during the fight, “he got stronger as the rounds went on.”  There’s no real evidence, but we all know the truth.

That was from 2004, to 2008, and then after seeing interviews by boxing greats such as Evander Holyfield, Riddick Bowe, Thomas Hearns….I couldn’t understand a word that was being said from their mouths.  Why? They lost more than 50% of their speaking capabilities because the constant blows to the head.

So after seeing everything take place the way it did over decades of being a boxing fan, I no longer supported the sport.  Human beings literally raging in the stands, shouting, cheering on an assault between two men or two women.

Welcome to the aggressive mask.

Andy Cona, who’s a British cage fighter, said this…

“The first fight I ever had was like a release. Like, “I’m allowed to hit this lad, and it’s making me feel better.” See, I don’t have a family. Me and my brother were put into [foster] homes. He was everything—he was my mom, my dad, my brother, and my sister. He was everyone, and then he killed himself. I’ve never, ever told anyone that. I don’t like to show people weakness. I’m broken inside, I know I am.”

Lewis Howes went on to say, “but still, there’s something scary about taking years of childhood issues and pain and channeling them outward at a total stranger for money and fame. As Andy’s story reveals, for the most part, the pain you inflict on others never reduces the pain you are trying to escape from within yourself.”

If you look at the majority of athletes, especially in America, they’re all inner-city kids.  Mike Tyson had a horrendous childhood and be brought along a lot of those problems outside the ring, becoming a very polarizing character in the 1990’s.

Thai prison systems, which are very controversial, has inmates practice Muay Thai and fight – fighters outside the prison yard.

What is it with aggressiveness and pouring on all your childhood pain, mistakes, and suffering onto another individual rather than honing into 100%?  Sure, no one asked to be molested.  I didn’t deserve to be dropped at a doorstep myself in 1999…however, it happened.  Did I make that my story to why I’m such a “f*** up?” No.

Ray Lewis, who had upbringings beyond comprehension, is the greatest linebacker to ever play the position in the NFL.  Fierce, ferocious, tenacity, inspirational, hungry, and just a demon on the field……he was able to unleash his childhood tribulations into wrestling first (in high school), then onto the football field.  His mother was abused for a long time by her bf….and Ray Lewis asked, “mom, you have two black eyes! Let’s go!”

She said, “no.  He’s our only means of financial stability. We can’t leave.”

Ray Lewis used a deck of cards to relieve himself of so much pain by doing pushups.  1-10; jacks, queens and kings are ten; ace 11; and jokers were I think 11-21.  I’m not sure what the exact number is, but I’m sure he did over 300 pushups.

At 41, he said this in Lewis Howes podcast interview.

“There are certain moments in a child’s life that a father should never miss because when you replace [that influence], most of the time you replace it with things that get you in trouble. I replaced it with dominance over another individual. I had hate for my father, and that hate turned into fuel. I don’t encourage anybody to live the way I lived.” – Ray Lewis

It’s like young men don’t have an outlet to their anxiety, anger or other things.  I saw the students, when I was a student, sit in class and stay quiet while they were getting bullied by other aggressive kids.  Then the shooting massacre in Colorado happened in 1999.  I was listening to Gary Vee yesterday and he was saying that poor parenting results in bullies and children being bullied.  Why do children have this aggressiveness that generates into an Alpha Mask.  Stories of Ariece, P’Allen, and Marcos (childhood classmates) will be in my podcast down below! Time to welcome in this introduction!

Podcast