Arsenio’s ESL Podcast: Season 4 – Episode 84 – Vocabulary Development – Cause and Effect

Cause and effect is here! Along with a lot of different reading tasks about diseases and close reading skills on my patreon. Make sure you’re tuned in over there for the additional material under the 10$ umbrella! With that being said, tune into the blog and especially the podcast for examples!

We use a number of different words and expressions to show cause and effect. Some words place the cause first and the effect second, and others place the effect first and the cause second.

Cause Effect

Unclean water can result in an increase in diseases.

Cause Effect

Diseases such as typhoid are caused by unclean water.

Underline the cause and circle the effect in each of these sentences.

  1. Many days can be taken off sick. As a result, companies may lose income.
  2. In the worse cases, a lower birth rate can result from a sharp rise in an infectious disease.
  3. Lifestyle choices can result in an increase in many diseases.
  4. The world’s population fell by 5% because of the 1918 flu.
  5. People often fear a breakout of a new disease. Therefore, governments need to communicate their effects quickly.
  6. A sharp increase in the levels of any disease can place pressure on the medical profession. Consequently, many governments have emergency plans to help deal with this.

a. The outbreak resulted in / as a result a fall in tourism.

b. Diseases can have significant economic impacts. Consequently / Because of, countries need to fund research into diseases.

c. More days being taken off work therefore / resulted from increased levels of depression and stress.

d. Governments have a responsibility for the welfare of their residents. Therefore, / Because of, they should develop vaccines that fight dangerous diseases.

e. Consequently / Because of lost working days, the government’s income from taxes fell.

f. The government reduced funding for disease research. As a result, / Result in, fewer cures are being discovered.


Arsenio’s ESL Podcast: IELTS Listening Skills – Following a Conversation

Arsenio's ESL Podcast
Arsenio's ESL Podcast
Arsenio's ESL Podcast: IELTS Listening Skills - Following a Conversation

Woohoo! This is the first of its kind! I’m super excited to debut this, and I’m even more excited that this will be in YouTube, podcast, and Facebook live form. Now, you guys will get this on Facebook live before anything else. The podcast will debut Friday and the YouTube video will debut shortly after the Facebook live. So, today we’re going over the basics!

Cooking ClassFocusOther information
The Food Studiohow to (1) ________
and cook with
seasonal products
– small clases
– also offers (2)_________
– clients who return get
a (3)_______ discount
Bond’s Cookery Schoolfood that is
– includes recipes to
strengthen your
– they have a free
every Thursday.
The (7) _________ Centremainly
(8)_________ food
– located near the
– a special course in
skills with a (10)
________ is
sometimes available.



Arsenio’s ESL Podcast: Season 4 – Episode 23 – Vocabulary – Compound Nouns (Cars & Road)

Welcome back to another ESL podcast! Boy, I’m falling behind on blogs. Forgive me, but everything will be normal very soon. Nonetheless, here’s a write up of what I talked about and spoke about!


  1. How important is it for you to get a driving licence?
  2. Do you agree that younger drivers are more dangerous than older drivers? Why/why not?
  3. What would you recommend to reduce the number of road accidents.


  1. motor
  2. seat
  3. driving
  4. road
  5. speed
  6. steering
  7. traffic
  8. traffic
  9. round
  10. petrol

a limit

b signs

c jam

d ways

e about

f licence

g lights

h station

i belt

j wheel

Fill in the blanks in the sentences down below with the compounds in 1/a (first compound them…then fill it in).

  1. It’s compulsory to wear a _______ in a car, but not many people wear it.
  2. The _______ in cities is 50 km an hour, but it should be about 35 km an hour.
  3. There are often ________ because too many people use their cars to travel to and from work.
  4. Cars in the future will be self-driving, so they won’t have a ________.
  5. You don’t need a map when you travel by car because the ____________ are clear.
  6. The number of accidents on ________ is very high because people travel too fast.
  7. Most drivers stop when the _________ are red or yellow.
  8. The minimum age to legally obtain a ____________ should be 24, not 16.

Arsenio’s ESL Podcast: Season 4 – Episode 3 – Vocabulary – Suffixes – Upper Intermediate

We’re back with some vocabulary! This is upper intermediate, so this will be a bit more difficult! These suffixes will go more into detail, so I hope you enjoy this!

As you already know, a suffix is a group of letters added to the end of a word that usually changes the part of the speech. Knowing the meaning of common suffixes will help you to develop a RICH VOCABULARY!

Sometimes there can be two noun forms with different meanings.

Identity is the concept of who we are while identification is usually the act or result of identifying someone or something:

Life events that affect one’s identity.

It’s not 100% reliable as a form of identification.

Add the correct ending for these nouns and adjectives and put them in the appropriate column. Add others you know.

Nouns: inform-, national-, probab-, recogni-, reliab-, vari-, verific-,

Adjectives: attain-, manage-, structur-

Common adjectival endingsCommon noun endings
related to (= -al, ive)capable of ( = ible, -ablestate or result ( = -ation, -ition, -sionquality of ( = -ty, -ity, -ility, -ance, -ence

Arsenio’s ESL Podcast: Season 4 – Episode 1 – Self-Awareness – Self-Evaluation

Arsenio's ESL Podcast
Arsenio's ESL Podcast
Arsenio's ESL Podcast: Season 4 - Episode 1 - Self-Awareness - Self-Evaluation

Guys! Welcome to the first episode of season 4! I just want to kick some things off before starting this. I want to do a self-awareness/self-evaluation before proceeding.

To develop a skill, you first need to know where you’re starting from. What are your current strengths and weaknesses in particular areas of English? Is it listening? Is it speaking? Pronunciation? Incorrect grammar use? Once you become aware, what is it you want to achieve? Where do you need to improve? What are your resources? What could obstruct your goals?

Ways of developing such awareness include:

  • Using self-eval questionnaires
  • Monitoring your progress
  • Maintaining a reflective journal or blog
  • A group discussion or chat
  • Feedback from others

Now, I want you to complete the chart with your own information about your study of English.




Aids (people and tools that can help me)

Challenges and obstacles


Arsenio’s ESL Podcast: Season 3 – Episode 76 – Grammar – Indirect Questions

Arsenio's ESL Podcast
Arsenio's ESL Podcast
Arsenio's ESL Podcast: Season 3 - Episode 76 - Grammar - Indirect Questions

Indirect questions can be confusing, so I decided to go over them with you guys.

We use question marks when the first part of the sentence is a question. Have you any idea what time he’s coming?

When there is no question word (who, what, where, etc), we use if/whether. I’d like to know whether you agree.


We use indirect questions in more formal situations and to be more polite. We can also use indirect questions to ask a big favor from someone we know well.

Dad, I was wondering if I could take the car tonight.


I’d like to know why you came.

I wonder what you prefer.

Do you know whether they won?

Could/can you tell me what the problem is?

In the second part of these sentences, we do not put the verb before the subject.

I wonder if you could tell us what you thought of the show.

Complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence, using the word given. Use between two and five words.

  1. How long did it take to figure out where your hotel was? TOOK

Can you tell me how __________________ to figure out where your hotel was?

2. Why did you decide to give the picture away? WHY

Can I ask _________________ the picture away?

3. Was she talking to her parents? WHETHER

I’d like to _______________________ to a friend.


Arsenio’s ESL Podcast: Season 3 – Episode 67 – Developing Vocabulary – Prepositional Phrases with Verbs

Oh, this was requested! Well, not really, but a wonderful individual from Iran reached out to me and asked if I can do prepositions and phrases, and wadaya know, lesson is on it! I’m bringing to you guys today some prepositional phrases with verbs!

Complete the sentences with these prepositions.

about for for in of
to on on with to
  1. Residents listened _______________ the experts.
  2. Most people agree ______________ my theory.
  3. People used to believe _____________supernatural causes for natural disasters.
  4. The strength of the hurricane depends ________ different factors.
  5. The experts apologized ______________ lying repeatedly about climate change.
  6. The residents complained _______________ the loud music.
  7. Nobody thought _____________ that!
  8. The government waited ______________ the shutdown to happen.
  9. Nobody knew who the dog belonged ______________.
  10. You can spend money ______________ optional extras.

Complete the sentences so they are true for you. Use a preposition.

  1. I occasionally spend money……….
  2. I hate waiting…………
  3. For the future, I dream…………
  4. I know I can rely………..
  5. I never listen………..
  6. Once I had to apologize………
  7. I nearly always agree………..
  8. I don’t usually complain………

Arsenio’s ESL Podcast: Season 3 – Episode 63 – Grammar – Modal Verbs of Speculation & Deduction (Past)

Here’s the second grammar section, which is a follow-up from the “present” modals I’ve already done.

  1. Some people might have known about her.
  2. This girl must have been the princess.
  3. She may have deceased.
  4. This could have happened anywhere, but unfortunately it happened here in Queensland.
  5. It couldn’t have been easy.
  6. They may not have realized the truth.
  7. The commander couldn’t have known.

Complete the sentences with past modal verbs and the verbs given.

  1. King Authur ________________(exist) but nobody really knows.
  2. If he really existed, he ________________(be) an amazing person because many stories were written about him.
  3. Merlin _______________(use) magic because magic doesn’t exist.
  4. The British poet Alfred Lord Tennyson __________________(like) the stories about Arthur because he wrote poems about him.
  5. Authur’s popularity ________________(disappear) because people are still making films and TV series about him now.

Arsenio’s ESL Podcast: Season 3 – Episode 62 – Vocabulary – Adjective Suffixes

We’re back with some more suffixes! Hope you guys like this one, but it’s a bit difficult, so brace yourself!

Which of these words are noun and adjectives: Aristocracy, aristocratic, care, careful, careless, comfort, comfortable, fame, famous, luck, lucky, science, scientific, terrible, terror, uncomfortable.

Turn these words into adjectives and write them in a columns that look like this on a sheet of paper: Artist, danger, enjoy, help, hunger, mystery, nature, office, sense, use

-y -ic: artistic -able -ible
-ful -less -al -ous

Let me know what you think and be sure to follow my podcast and links down below!





Arsenio’s ESL Podcast: Season 3 – Episode 59 – Vocabulary Skill – Working out Meaning from Context

Welcome back to some more vocabulary skills! Love doing this and will have loads more coming up in the next course.

When you hear a new word, you can write it down to look up later, but try to get the meaning as you listen. This helps overall comprehension, and I’ve seen it with my Thai students, too. Guess the meaning by using some of the strategies down below.


These phrases are followed by definitions: means, refers to, consists of, is defined as, is known as, and is called.

A commodity is defined as something people buy and sell.

Close reading means analyzing a text.


These phrases signal that an examples is coming: for example, for instance, such as, and like.

Books are given to those specific groups of needy people, such as the homeless.


An explanation can also help you determine the meaning of the word. They can come before or after the word.

These types of different metals will break down over time.